650-1750 Period

  • Period: Jan 1, 650 to

    650-1750 Period

  • Nov 30, 1016

    Vikings

    Vikings
    King Cnut of Denmark and Norway becomes of King of all England upon the death (or murder) of Edmund Ironside, king of Wessex. A few months earlier Cnut beat Edmund at the battle of Ashingdon, but signed a treaty saying that Ednmund could rule Wessex until his death and Cnut could rule the rest. Cnut's Danish dynasty ends in 1042 upon the death of his son Harthacnut.
  • Sep 25, 1066

    Vikings

    Vikings
    The Vikings were defeated by the English at Stamford Bridge, signalling the end of the Viking civilisation. This was the last viking invasion of England and the first for 20 years because the Vikings had been bribed to stay away.
  • Jan 1, 1148

    (bet. 1145-50), Angkor/Khmer

    (bet. 1145-50), Angkor/Khmer
    The death of King Suryavaman II and the end of the construction of Angkor Wat, leaving a small bit unfinished. Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple complex in the world.
  • Jul 12, 1192

    Shogunate

    Shogunate
    The first Shogunate, the Kamakura Shoguate, begins when Minamoto no Yoritomo is officially appointed Shogun, after taking over Japan seven years earlier. The Shogunate he established was a form of military government.
  • Aug 30, 1227

    Mongol Empire

    Mongol Empire
    Death of Genghis Khan, Supreme Khan of the Mongols. He was born with the name Temujin and came to power by unting the nomadic tribes of northeast Asia. He was proclaimed "Genghis Khan" upon founding the Mongol Empire and then began the Mongol Invasions to conquer the rest of Eurasia.
  • Mar 19, 1279

    Mongol Empire

    Mongol Empire
    The Song Imperial Family surrender to the Mongols, making the latter the first non-Chinese people to conquer all China. They were led by Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis, and many things were created during his reign.
  • Jul 27, 1299

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire
    The Empire is founded and and the reign of the first Emperor Osman I begins. At the time it only had parts of Istanbul but later included Turkey, Northern Africa, parts of the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Iraq and the Caucasus region. It was lost in 1913.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    Black Death

    Black Death
    Beginning of the Black Death, a disease caused by fleas that devastated Europe and Asia and killed 30-60% of the Earth's population, 75 to 100 million people. It ended two years later and was one of the most devastating pandemics ever.
  • Dec 31, 1350

    Black Death

    Black Death
    End of the Black Death and beginning of the 150 year recovery. The plague had affected Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Russia. It was also a time of religious, social and economic upheavals.
  • Jan 1, 1390

    (end of 1300s), Renaissance Italy

    (end of 1300s), Renaissance Italy
    Start of the first major changes in Italy during this period, focussed around the Arts. The time signalled the end of the Dark Ages and in Italian the word means "rebirth". The renaissance period ended in the 1500s.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Spanish Conquest

    Spanish Conquest
    Christopher Columbus, a Portuguese explorer working for Spain, is among the first Europeans to arrive in the Bahamas (which he mistakes for India) where he meets some natives, beginning the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Polynesian Expansion

    Polynesian Expansion
    The Polynesians locate the Chatham Islands, which are some of the last Pacific Islands they haven't already found. The Chatham Islands are 680km east of New Zealand, which they had found in 1250.
  • Jan 1, 1507

    Renaissance Italy

    Renaissance Italy
    Leonardo da Vinci finishes the Mona Lisa, which has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world" (according to John Litchfield in "The Moving of the Mona Lisa"). It was painted during the height of the Renaissance Period.
  • Feb 22, 1512

    Spanish Conquest

    Spanish Conquest
    Death of Amerigo Vespucci, whose first name is thought to be the origin of the name of the continent of America. He went on at least two voyages to the continent, from 1499-1500 and from 1501-1502 respectively. On his second voyage he mapped the Southern Cross.
  • Apr 27, 1521

    Polynesian Expansion

    Polynesian Expansion
    Ferdinand Magellan is killled in the Philippines. He was on his voyage to circumnavigate the world. He located the Marianas and Guam and sailed across the Pacific Ocean. He then landed in the Philippines and is killed battling with Datu Lapu-Lapu.
  • Sep 6, 1566

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire
    Death of Sulieman the Magnificent, Ottoman Emperor since 1520. He had conquered a lot of the Middle East, Northern Africa and Eastern Europe. He also was a great reformer, especially in the legal system, which gave him his other nickname "the Lawgiver". He was succeeded by his son Selim II.
  • Shogunate

    Shogunate
    The Shogun rulers impose new laws meaning that their territory of Japan is secluded from the rest of the world. This happened after the Shimabara Rebellion and did not end until 1854.
  • Medieval Europe

    Medieval Europe
    The Industrial Revolution begins in Great Britain and the previous period ends. At the time, Britain produced about 2% of the world's output of industrial goods. The 1st Revolution turned into the 2nd 100 years later, having affected almost everything in everyday life.
  • Angkor/Khmer

    Angkor/Khmer
    Jayavarman II declares himself "Universal Monarch" or "God King" and begins the Khmer Empire. He does this in a ritual on top of Mt Mahendraparvata. Jayavarman then ruled over Java, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and parts of Cambodia.
  • Medieval Europe

    Medieval Europe
    King Charlemagne of the Franks is crowned by Pope Leo III as "Emperor of the Romans", a title which later evolved into "Holy Roman Emperor". Charlemagne conquered France, Italy, parts of Germany and parts of Spain. Charlemagne died in 814.