Sudan flag map

Sudanese Civil War

  • Period: to

    The First Sudanese Civil War

    The First Sudanese Civil War between the North and the South ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement, supposedly allowed the South to govern itself. This agreement only lasted a few years.
  • Second Civil War begins

    Second Civil War begins
    President Numayri declares Islamic Law. This angers many Southern Christians.
    John Garang and Southern rebels form the Sudanese Peoples Liberation Army.
  • Period: to

    Second Sudanese Civil War

  • Lt. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir takes power

    Lt. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir takes power
    Islamic Lt. Gen. Omar Hassan al-Bashir of the Sudanese Army takes power from the curent government in a military coup. He became the Prime Minister.
    He is still in office today, elected as president in 1993.
  • Period: to


    Three years of intense negotiations between
    SPLA and Khartoum over the future of
    southern Sudan.
  • Peace Agreement

    Peace Agreement
    SPLA chief John Garang and Sudan's lead government negotiator sign a comprehensive peace accord ending a civil war that claimed the lives of more than 2 million. The civilian death toll is one of the highest of any war since World War II.
  • John Garang is Vice President

    John Garang is Vice President
    Former southern rebel leader John Garang is sworn in as first vice president. A constitution which gives a large degree of autonomy to the south is signed.
    Three weeks later, Garang dies in a helicopter crash in southern Sudan. Members of SPLA vow to faithfully implement the peace plan their leader signed.
  • Southern Sudan's new government

    Southern Sudan's new government
    Autonomous government is formed in the south, in line with January 2005 peace deal. The administration is dominated by former rebels.