20th Century Medical History Display

Timeline created by Caitlin_H
  • Blood Groups

    Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian physician, discovers the first three human blood groups, A, B, and C. Blood type C was later changed to O. His colleagues Alfred Decastello and Adriano Sturli add AB, the fourth type, in 1902. Landsteiner receives the Nobel Prize for Medicine for this discovery in 1930.
  • Invention of the Electrocardiograph

    Invention of the Electrocardiograph
    Paul Dudley White known as the father of American Cardiology invented the Electrocardiograph. •https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/clc.4960140716
  • Longer preservation of blood

    Long-term anticoagulants, among them sodium citrate, are developed, allowing longer preservation of blood.
  • First successful heart valve repair surgery

    First successful heart valve repair surgery
    Eliot Carr Cutler & his colleague Samuel Levine, preformed a closed transventricular mitral commissurotomy(A surgery that creates long term relief of symptoms)on a 12-year old patient dying of rheumatic mitral stenosis. •https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0003497595900497#:~:text=Cutler%20performed%20seven%20more%20operations,to%20create%20controlled%20mitral%20regurgitation.&text=Nevertheless%2C%20this%20pioneering%20effort%20in,disease%20by%20a%20surgical%20technique.
  • First blood bank

    The first blood bank is established in a Leningrad hospital.
  • Preventive treatment for newborns with Rh disease

    Preventive treatment for newborns with Rh disease
    "Dr. Philip Levine said that 'the destruction of red blood cells in new-born babies of mothers with an Rh disturbance in their blood may be controlled if the Rh negative pregnant woman receives only Rh negative blood in the event of a transfusion,' and that her baby 'may be saved by the transfusion of Rh negative blood.' Unfortunately, he added, blood tests for the Rh factor were not widely available to pregnant women. •https://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/04/health/04first.html
  • A vaccine against polio

    On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
  • A vaccine against polio tested and approved

    The vaccine was announced as affective and safe nation wide.
  • FDA approves the use of "the pill" to regulate menstruation.

    FDA approves the use of "the pill" to regulate menstruation.
    Margaret Sanger the founder of the American Birth Control League, the forerunner of Planned Parenthood Federation of America... She drove the research and development of the century’s most revolutionary medical breakthrough — after penicillin — the pill. Sanger had won for most women in the U.S. the right to use contraception. Now she would develop a method that was nearly 100 percent effective. •https://www.plannedparenthood.org/files/1514/3518/7100/Pill_History_FactSheet.pdf
  • Limb reattachment

    In 1962 a team of 12 doctors worked to reattach a 12 year old boys right arm. The surgery was successful.
  • Treatment for hemophilia

    Judith G. Pool and Angela E. Shannon report a method for producing Cryoprecipitated AHF for treatment of hemophilia.
  • Photochemotherapy

    "Psoralen coadministered with UVA light (PUVA) was first studied in 1974 by John Parrish and his colleagues, who demonstrated its efficacy, leading to its approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1982." https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315119298/chapters/10.1201/9781315119298-21
  • First AIDs case report

    First Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) case reported.
  • Cause of AIDs

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) identified as cause of AIDS
  • First live donor liver transplant

    surgeons Christoph Broelsch, Jean Emond, Richard Thistlethwaite and Thomas Heffron--began the removal of the left lobe of the mothers liver, that would be going to her 21 month old daughter who suffered from biliary atresia.
  • Testing for HIV antibodies

    Implementation of testing donor blood for HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies (anti-HIV-1 and anti-HIV-2).