chapter 2

By clarisa
  • 400

    THE END OF ROMAN RULE

    THE END OF ROMAN RULE
    By the fourth century, the declining power of the Roman Empire became more threatened by political factionalism and barbarian attacks.
    Roman legions evacuated Britain to fight elsewhere and never returned.
  • 420

    THE ANGLO-SAXON ORIGINS

    THE ANGLO-SAXON ORIGINS
    The Nordic tribes that started to invade Britai were the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes.They were not Christian and they were known as sailors of great skill whose zest for piracy and warfare made them the terror of more civilized neighbors.
  • 450

    ANGLO-SAXON CONQUEST

    ANGLO-SAXON CONQUEST
    Taking advantage of the Roman retreat from the British Isles , the war-like tribes of Northwestern Germany initially terrorized and eventually settled in Britain.
  • 500

    DIVISION OF TERRITORIES

    DIVISION OF TERRITORIES
    Britain is divided up into the Seven Kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Essex, Sussex and Kent. This division was called the Heptarchy.
  • 550

    ANGLO SAXON INSTITUTIONS

    ANGLO SAXON INSTITUTIONS
    The Anglo-Saxon tribes transplanted their Germanic institutions to Britain. The gradual appearance of some resemblance of "national" unity was the most striking feature of this period.
    At the center of government stood the king, who had full, but not absolute power.
  • 597

    ROMAN CHRISTIANITY

    ROMAN CHRISTIANITY
    Pope Gregory, as part of his effort to convert the conquerors of the Roman Empire, sent the Benedictine monk Augustine, to Britain with forty missionaries. King Ethelbert of Kent cordially received the missionary party and became himself a Christian and made his capital, Canterbury, the seat of archbishopric.
  • Jun 30, 750

    ANGLO-SAXON LITERATURE

    ANGLO-SAXON LITERATURE
    The epic poem Beowulf is written. It tells the story of a pagan Saxon hero who valiantly defies men and dragons with equanimity.
  • Jul 1, 757

    OFFA

    OFFA
    Offa king of Mercia seized the throne after a civil war, and established supremacy over many lesser kings.
  • Jul 14, 793

    NEW ATTACKS

    NEW ATTACKS
    Vikings attack Lindisfarne
  • Jul 14, 871

    ALFRED THE GREAT

    ALFRED THE GREAT
    871-899 Alfred the Great king of Wessex
  • Jul 14, 878

    ALFRED'S VICTORY

    ALFRED'S VICTORY
    878 Alfred defeats the Viking army and the Vikings settle Eastern and northern England (the Danelaw)
  • Jul 14, 957

    UNIFICATION OF ENGLAND

    UNIFICATION OF ENGLAND
    957-75 England united under Edgar
  • Jul 14, 1016

    KING CNUT

    KING CNUT
    1016 Cnut, king of Denmark becomes king of England
  • Jul 14, 1042

    EDWARD THE CONFESSOR

    EDWARD THE CONFESSOR
    1042-1066 Edward the Confessor is the last Anglo-Saxon king; Battle of Hastings