• Jan 1, 1450

    Printing Press

    Printing Press
    Johannes Gutenberg became the first European to use movable type to print books. He used his printing press to print copies of the Bible.
  • Jan 1, 1475

    Printing Press Advances

    Printing press operated in England, France, Germany, Italy and several other Eurpopean nations. The books that these printing presses produced helped spread new humanized ideas to a large audience.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    The Reformation

    Northern humanists argued that the Roman Catholic Church had lost sight of its spiritual mission, Their claims lead to a reform movement called the reformation.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    Machiavelli Writes The Prince

    Machiavelli Writes The Prince
    Niccolo Machiavelli writres the essay, The Prince. Machiavelli sought to describe government not in terms of lofty ideals but in the way it actually worked.
  • Jan 1, 1516

    More Publishes Utopia

    More Publishes Utopia
    Thomas More published, Utopia. Thomas More condemned governements as corrupts and argue that private ownership of property causes unnecessary conflicts between people.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther openly disagreed with many church doctrines. He claimed the Bible was the sole religious authority.
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Pope Leo X

    Pope Leo X
    Pope Leo X declared Luther a heretic. He excommunicated Luther from the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Jan 1, 1528

    Castigiolne Publishes The Book of the Courtier

    Castigiolne Publishes The Book of the Courtier
    Baldossare Castiglione published, The Book of the Courtier. It was the most famous book of the Renaissance.
  • Jan 1, 1529

    Henry Vlll Takes a Stand

    Henry Vlll defended the church against Luther's teachings. The pope had even granted Henry the title, "Defender of the Faith."
  • Jan 1, 1531

    Calvin Replaces Zwingli

    Huldrych Zwingli died in battle between Catholics and protests. His work carried on by a French protestant named John Calvin.