Oct 26, 622
Muhammad flees Mecca to Medina.Muhammad’s wife died, as did his uncle, leader of the Hashim clan. The new clan leadership withdrew protection of Muhammad. He moved to Medina after converts offered protection there. Converts grew substantially in Medina. All converted Meccans followed him to Medina. Muhammad eagerly began preaching among the Jewish tribes of Medina, presenting Islam as a continuation to Jewish prophecy, and himself as the last in line of Hebrew prophets. He also taugthat believers should pray toward the direct
Oct 26, 632
Muhammad dies.Muhammad died in 632 A.D. He died as a result of being poisoned following his attack upon and conquest of the Jewish settlement of Khaibar. About 2 month before his attack on Khaibar Muhammad failed in an attempt to go to Mecca. This failure resulted in the Treaty of Hudaybiyya with the Meccans. He returned humiliated in the eyes of the Meccans and in the minds of his people. To lift their defeated spirit, Muhammad told his followers that the events at Hudaybiyya were really a victory. In
Oct 26, 651
Ali the fourth caliph in Islam is assassinated.t was Friday 13th of Rajab 30 Amulfeel Hazrat Fatima binte Asad, the wife of Hazrat Abu Talib entered the precincts of the Holy Kaaba and prayed to Allah saying O' my protector ease my pain. All of a sudden the wall of the Kaaba opened up and she, as if by some unseen force went inside the Kaaba and the wall closed. Ali (AS) the youngest son of Abu Talib was born inside the Holy Kaaba. She stayed inside for three days. On the 3rd day she came out through the door and Muhammad (SAW) was waiting o
Oct 26, 750
Umayyad dynasty ends and Abbassid dynasty begins.
Oct 26, 1099
Christian crusaders capture Jerusalem from the Muslims.In response, Pope Urban II called a conference at the city of Clermont, France in 1095, concluding the eight days of deliberation with one of history's most influential speeches. Mounting a lofty scaffold, the Pope exhorted the assembled multitude to wrest the Holy Land from the hands of the Infidel and assured them that God would absolve them from any sin associated with the venture. His words fell on receptive ears as the crowd responded with cries of "It is the will of God!", "It is the will
Oct 26, 1187
Saladin caputures Jerusalem for the Muslims.By this time, the legend of Mohammed’s Night Journey had become attached to Jerusalem, and Al Aqsa, the Remote Mosque, was seen as the landmark of this divine event. The importance of Jerusalem in Muslim lore had thus increased over the years, and Saladin inspired his troops with stirring oratory in which he urged his men to retake one of the cities holiest to Islam.
Oct 26, 1258
Abbassid dynasty ends.Hulagu Khan sacked Baghdad on (February 10, 1258), causing great loss of life. Al-Musta'sim, the last reigning Abbasid caliphate in Baghdad was then executed on February 20, 1258. The Abbasids still maintained a feeble show of authority, confined to religious matters, in Egypt under the Mamelukes, but the dynasty finally disappeared with Motawakkil III, who was carried away as a prisoner to Constantinople by Selim I.
Oct 26, 1502
Abbas the Great gains control of the Safavid Empire.Abbas needed to reform the army before he could hope to confront the Ottoman and Uzbek invaders. He also used military reorganisation as another way of sidelining the Qizilbash. Instead, he created a standing army of 40,000 ghulams and Iranians to fight alongside the traditional, feudal force provided by the Qizilbash. The new army regiments had no loyalty but to the shah. They consisted of 10,000-15,000 cavalry armed with muskets and other weapons, a corps of musketeers (12,000 strong) and
Oct 26, 1520
Suleiman the Magnificent becomes the ruler of the Ottoman empire.Became the first governor of Kaffa at age 17
When his father died in 1520 he became the tenth sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
The Taj Mahal is built.Taj Mahal was built by a Muslim, Emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.) in the memory of his dear wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal at Agra, India. It is an "elegy in marble" or some say an expression of a "dream." Taj Mahal (meaning Crown Palace) is a Mausoleum that houses the grave of queen Mumtaz Mahal at the lower chamber.