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Westward Expansion Timeline Activity

By smt_
  • Treaty Of Paris

    Treaty Of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, and ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States of America. The treaty document was signed at the Hotel d'York by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay. They represented the United States. David Heartley, a member of the British Parliament, represented the British Monarch. The American congress of the confederation ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The Louisiana Purchase was made by America and it was a total of 828,000 square miles. The U.S. paid 50 million francs ($11,250,000) for the land. France controlled the area from 1699 to 1762 and then they gave the land to their ally Spain. France took back the land in 1800 hoping to build an empire in North America. France sold the land to America because of a slave revolt in Haiti and an impending war with Britain which led France to abandon any plans.
  • Lewis and Clarke Expedition

    Lewis and Clarke Expedition
    The Lewis and Clarke Expedition, also knows as the Corps of Discovery Expedition was the first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States. The expedition was shortly after the Louisiana Purchase. They departed from St. Louis, on the Mississippi River, making their way westward through the continental divide to the Pacific coast. Their journey lasted from May 1804 to September 1806. The objective was to explore and map the newly bought territory.
  • First Seminole War

    First Seminole War
    In 1814, Andrew Jackson invaded Florida. He attacked Native Americans and Blacks, burning and massacring their towns. This lasted from 1814 through 1819.
  • Spanish Cession

    Spanish Cession
    Pirates had long been known to use Florida, which was controlled by Spain, as a refuge and hideout from the United States authorities. Finally tired of the pirate raids, a General called Andrew Jackson invaded and captured a number of forts in the area. Since Spain did not want to go to war, they agreed to hand over Florida to the U.S.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    In this year work began along a waterway called the Erie Canal. This canal effectively linked the Great Lakes and Northwestern Territories to New York.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson. The act authorized him to negotiate with the native americans in the southern united states for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homeland. The Indians were moved onto reservations in modern-day Oklahoma. The 5 tribes that were relocated were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee-Creek, and the Seminole. The Indian Removal Act is also knows as the Trail of Tears.
  • Texas Rebellion

    Texas Rebellion
    For many years there had been much struggle between Mexicans and Americans in the Texas region. Finally, they erupted into a large battle called the Texas Rebellion, with the American army defeating a large part of the Mexican army in the Battle of San Jacinto.
  • Oregon Treaty

    Oregon Treaty
    The British and American people had several disagreements over who should have the Oregon County. Eventually they signed the Oregon Treaty that defined which areas of the land would officially belong to each party.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    With American settlers in California, a wave of gold fever hit. A man called John Stutter accidentaly discovered nuggets of gold on his land.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    The next area of land to be bought by the United States was the region that we know as Arizona and a part of New Mexico. This was called the Gadsden Purchase.
  • Third Seminole War

    Third Seminole War
    When Colonel Loomis declared an end to the Third Seminole War, the government believed that only about 100 Seminole were left in Florida. In December 1858, the US recruited two bands totaling 75 people, who agreed to removal to the West; they were shipped out on February 15, 1859.
  • Indian Appropriation Act

    Indian Appropriation Act
    Congress passes a new version of the Indian Appropriation Act claiming that Native Americans would no longer be considered an independent nation, but subject to U.S. laws
  • Battle of Little Big Horn

    Battle of Little Big Horn
    A great battle between Native Americans and American settlers occurred in this year, known as the Battle of Little Bighorn. Led by the famous Indian chief, Sitting Bull, and several others, the Natives managed to defeat the Americans.
  • Expansion of the North West

    Expansion of the North West
    The United States added additional areas as the four newest states. The states were North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, and Montana. This was after passing the Enabling Act.