This was that idea that it was Americans' destiny to go from coast to coast. This led to Indian Removal along with the war with Mexico.
Negotitations has made Americans feel a sense of nationalism, or a feeling of pride and loyalty to a nation. Henry Clay liked this and said it would help to boost the economy.
Era of Good Feelings
The Era of Good Feelings was from 1816 to 1824 (When James Monroe was President). There was national unity and peace during this time.
Sectionalism was disarguments between different regions ins America. This occured during the Era of Good ZFeelings and was due to Missouri being admitted to the Union as a slave state.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland attempted to tax all money from banks that were in Maryland but werent chartered by Maryland. This was basically just directed towards the Second Bank of the United States. The Supreme Court found this to be unconstitutional.
This was a treaty between Spain and the United States. Andrew Jackson had led troops in to Florida and started the First Seminole War. Because of this, Spain gave East Florida to the United States and declared Spanish Texas as part of Mexico in exchange for $5 million from the U.S.
This was due to sectionalism. We wanted America to have an even number of slave and free states. The compromise made Missouri a slave state, Maine a free one, and every other state to be admitted over Missouri's southern border to be free.
Santa Fe Trail
This trail connected Independence, Missouri and Santa Fa, New Mexico. It was used as the inasion route during the Mexican-American War and it helped aid U.S. economic development.
The Monroe Doctrine warned Europeana, not including Britain, to not interfere with the Americas. Britain had close trading ties with Latin America and we didnt want other countries to interfere with that.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
This was created by Congress to manage the moving of Indians. It still exists to this day and manages over 55,000,000 acres of land.
Tariff of Abominations
A tariff that was passed to protect industry in the North. Before this, these industries were bing hurt by imports. However, this tariff directly hurt the South.
States' Rights Doctrine
This states that staes should have more rights than the federal government. This was in response to the Tariff of Abominations and led to the Nullification Crisis.
This helped give more democracy to the common man under Andrew Jackson.
Practice in which a political party gives government jobs to their supporters and friends after winning an election. This started with Andrew Jackson.
Indian Removal Act
This allowed the President to negotiate with Native American tribes to remove them to West of the Mississippi. Everyone in the South besides Native Americans and Christian missionaries liked this act.
Confromtaion between South Carolina and the federal government due to the Tariff of Abominations. South Carolina declared this tariff as unconstitutional. This ended in 1833 with the Compromise Tariff.
Henry Clay was the leader of the Whig Party. They supported Congress over the President and were in opposition of Andrew Jackson. Farmers didn't like this party. This eventually merged into the Republican Party.
Indian Territory was land in Oklahoma where Native Americans were forced to go. John C. Calhoun, along qith others, said this would be to protect the Native Americans.
Trail of Tears
This was where Cherokee Indians had to migrate to Oklahoma. 2000-6000 of the 16,543 Native Americans died due to exposure, starvation, and disease.
In this battle, 400-600 Mexicans were killed/hurt while 182-257 Texans were killed. Mexico wanted Texas but they did not succeed.
A 3,200 mile route where 400,000 people traveled from East to West on wagons. This was basically replaced by the Transcontinental Railroad
Group of pioneers who went to California. They spent winter in Sierra Nevada where they reverted to cannibalism.
California Gold Rush
A discovery of gold in California led to people from everywhere coming to California. This led to there being more people in California but most of the people didn't get any gold.
These were the people who came to California for the Gold Rush. There was around 300,000 of them.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Peace treaty between Mexico and America. Founded the Rio Grande as the boundary between Texas and Mexico.
America's purchase of Southern Arizona and New Mexico. This is the last purchase of land by the U.S. in the Continental United States. James Gadsden was the American ambassador for Mexico.