Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!In 1824 and 1825 Russia signed two different treatiees with Britain and American that cause it to retreat behind the line of 54*40'. This caused tension between GB and the US over Oregon.
The "Corrupt Bargain"
During the Presidential election of 1824 between John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, and Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay used his power as Speaker of the House, and J.Q. Adams win, after being taken out of the race.
"Clinton's Big Ditch" is completed in New York
This canal was supposed to represent the "marriage of waters", by connecting Lake Erie, the Hudson River, and the Ney York Harbor. The construction began in 1817, and upon completion the canal measured 363 miles long.
AKA: "the Governor's Gutter"
Andrew Jackson elected as President
The race between Adams and Jackson was dirty and harsh, as both men accused the other of such things as gambling, serving as a pimp, and having a mother who was a prostitute.
The First Railroad is Cpmpleted in America
Railroads were faster, cheaper, and more reliable than the already-in-use canals, and didn't freeze in the winter. Their construction was also easier and cheaper for the government, and railroads could be built through almost any terrain.
Cyrus McCormick invents the Mechanical Reaper
This tool allowed for farmers to do five mens' work at one time. The Reaper causeed subsistence farmers to grow into large production companies, and commerce began to include trading and transport by way of rivers running north to south.
Railroads are Prohibited from Carrying Freight
The New York Legislature temporarily forbid the carrying of freight on Railroads, in oder to protect their investment made on the Erie Canal.
Anti Catholic Riot in Boston
Sewing Machine is Invented by Elias Howe
(perfected by Isaac Singer) This invention helped the northern economy and industrialization.
Grain Production in Buffalo begins Steep Incline
This incline continued through 1860, and grain shipments and production (mainly through Buffalo) increased by sixtyfold.
John Deere Invents a Steel Plow
Broke the "virgin soil" of the West.
Though short-lived, this insurrection caused concern in the United States.
Panic of 1837
An economic panic took place in 1837, which contributed to the struggles between American ships and embargos.
This was a term used to describe the mad desire settlers had to move west, particularly along the Oregon Trail. It was a long and diffucult trek, but the number of restless pioneers increased continuously despite the hardships.
Maine Boundary Dispute
The St. Lawrence River was a disputed boundary line between the U.S. and Canada, mainly after the War of 1812.Gruesome fights flared up, and was nick-named the "Aroostook War".
Buffalo Handles more Western Produce than New Orleans
As trhe Mississippi River became a central point of transportation and trade, it brought many more business opportunities to cities near it, such as Buffalo.
After his death, Presient John Tyler was sworn into office.
British officials offered Asylum to Slaves
British officials in the Bahamas offered asylum to 130 Virginia slaves who had revolted and captured the 'Creole', an American ship. This increased, once again, the tension between Great Britain and the United States.
American Hatred of the British Grows
During the 19th century, American hatred of the British continueed to grow, and dangerously so. In the year 1842, the "poison had festered ominously".
New York abandons wells and adopts a piped-in water supply.
By doing so, New York unknowingly eliminated breeding places for many disease-carrying mosquitoes.
Commonwealth vs. Hunt
This court case declared labor unions were legal in Massachusetts.
Election of 1844
This election was surrounded by much controversy, between Henry Clay, John Tyler, and James K. Polk. Though Polk won, many of his opposers called the election a "corrupt bargain" and used slogans such as "Polk, Slavery, Texas or Clay, Union, Liberty".
"Europe stretches to the Alleghenies; America lies Beyond." -Ralph Waldo Emmerson
Texas becomes the Leading Issue in the Presidential Debate
Because Texas had angered Mexico by winning its freedom, some Americans worried that its annexation would cause a war with Mexico. The three presidential candidates who argued over this issue were Henry Clay, James K. Polk, and John Tyler.
Samuel Morse invents the Telegraph
This invention made internation communication much easier, and also allowed for eay contact between ships and land.
Clpiier Ships saw their popularity soar between 1840 and 1850. This new, sleek design was majestic and fast, and usually carried lighter cargo to achieve top speed. Clipper ships also changed the course of tea-shipping, by being able to "outsail" British and Far East ships.
John Jacob Aster Dies, Leaving a $30 billion Estate Behind
Stories of the rich and successful continued to become more prominent as Westward exansion grew, as shown by the example of John Jacob Aster, a fur trader and real estate speculator.
California Gold Rush
By early 1848, the word about gold mining in CA had gotten out, and many Americans began to travel West to "strike it rich".
The "Order of the Star-Spangled Banner if formed.
AKA: The "Know-Nothing" Political Party
Southerners Demand a New Fugitive Slave Law
The old fugitive slave law was "too loose", and had proved inadequate to catching and returing the escaped slaves the way Southerners wanted it to happen. The law from 1793 was infuriating, and the appeals to Congress became angrier and harsher in 1850.
Interchangeable Parts Concept Grows in Acceptance
This became the basis of assembly line producytion, which is still used today!
Explosion of Railroad Construction
Between 1850 and 1860 an explosion occured within the construction of Railroads, particularly in the North.
Horse-Drawn Carriages become a Common Form of Transportation
These Stagecoaches were peoularized in Mark Twain's novel "Roughing It", and their transportation routes extended from the Missouri River to California.
Cyrus Field Stretches Cable from N. Atlantic to Newfoundland and Ireland
Cyrus Field was known as "the greatest wire puller in history", and for a good reason. His cable was a crucial development in internationsl communications, and was the first of its time.
Whitney's Cotton Gin Kicks In
By this date, more than 400 million pounds of cotton were being sent annually to mills, mostly in New England.
The Pony Express is Developed
This mail service carried a new form of cummunication quickly between St. Joseph, Missouri and Secremento, California- a two thousand mile stretch. Each station was approximately 10 miles apart, and the trip could be completed in just 10 days.
Cincinati Records a Population that is 45% Immigrants
The total population was 161,044 in 1860, but nearly half of this number consisted of immigrants. Cincinati was also known as the "Queen City of the West", and continued to grow as the country expanded Westward.
43 American cities with populations over 20,000
In 1790, there were only two cities with these population numbers: Philadelphia and New York.
Nearly 1,000 Steamboats Travel the Mississippi River
In 1820 there were an estimated 60 steamboats travelling the Mississippi River, but this number grew to 1,000 by the year 1860.
United States has Over 30,000 Miles of Railroad Track
Three-fourths of this track was found in the North, where industry was important and booming.