APUSH Timeline 1800-1860

By 1Aapush
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    Napoleonic Wars

    Europe was thrown into turmoil following the French Revolution and Napoleon's rise to power.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition Begins

    Lewis and Clark Expedition Begins
    Expedition to explore new Lousiana, formed alliances with Indians, inspired other expeditions and westward expansion, created trails and maps that would be used for the Oregon Trails, heavily influenced westward expansion
  • First Invention of Steam Locomotive

    First Invention of Steam Locomotive
    Richard Trevithick makes the first full scale model of the steam powered locomotive. It was unmanned a proved to be extremely important in the development of trade within the continent.
  • British Blockade France

    British Blockade France
    The British Navy cuts off France from all sea trade through the use of naval blockades. Britain doubled the number of frigates and increasing all other ships by 50% while also moving the active roster from 15,000 to 133,000 soldiers.
  • Berlin Decree

    Berlin Decree
    The Berlin Decree was issued by France as a direct response of the British blockade on French territory. The decree forbade the import of any goods from Britain into France or French allied territories. Ships who were discovered trading with Britain would be subject to search and seizure. Original goal was to ruin the British economy by closing trade but it ruined France and its allies more than it did Britain.
  • Slave Trade Act 1807

    Slave Trade Act 1807
    This Act was passed by the English Parliament in 1807 and abolished slave trade. The Royal Navy established the West Africa Squadron in 1808 to patrol and enforece this act. This strictly limited the influx of slaves in America
  • Embargo Act of 1807

    Embargo Act of 1807
    The Embargo Act made all exports from the US to Britain and France illegal. The goal was to coerce Britain to stop the attacks on American ships by cutting off their trade as well as remain neutral despite the ongoing war in Europe. It brought more economic ruin to America than Britain.
  • British National Debt

    British National Debt
    British national debt reaches 679 million pounds or about 1,029 million US dollars.
  • Peterloo Massacre

    Peterloo Massacre
    60,000 people were brutally disbanded from a peaceful meeting in St. Peter’s Fields, Manchester. A stampede by British calvary, let to 11 killed and 500 injured. Peterloo Massacre underscored the tyranny of the Parliament. Associated with the formation of British radical groups. Intensified public urge for elctoral reform.
  • Panic of 1825

    Panic of 1825
    Stock market crash that started with the Bank of England. Risky loans were being made on prospective Latin American developments following the Napoleonic wars. Over seventy banks in Europe failed as high-risk high-returns failed on the return section.
  • Prohibition of slavery in Mexico

    Prohibition of slavery in Mexico
    Mexican President Guerrero abolished slavery in Mexico's territories in order to discourage Amercian immigration. This conflcited with Southern dependence on Slavery, which prompted the Mexican war and annexation of Texas.
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    "Third War with England"

    Stimulated hatred with Britain on paper, British publishing notorious British travel books read by Americans, attacking Yankees and lack of American copyright laws, while Americans criticizing British inability to pay back debts
  • Reform Act

    Reform Act
    Passed by Parliament, increased the number of eligible voters, however lower class people still remained voiceless in the government. Widely changed the electoral system of the UK. Image: http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/img-lib.html
    Painted by Delacroix
    Lady Liberty is barefoot and carrying the French Flag, this image represents the lower and middle classes reuniting.
  • Slavery Abolition Act 1833

    Slavery Abolition Act 1833
    This Act was passed by the English Parliament in 1834, which abolishing slavery throughout the British empire with the exception of of the Territories in the Possession of the East India Company," the "Island of Ceylon," and "the Island of Saint Helena." Compensations were paid to slave owners.
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    Texas Signs Treaties with France, Holland, and Belgium

    Treaties acquired for defense of Texas, illustrates European interests in Mexico, as well as Britain, who wanted Texas as a buffer zone to invade Americans, expediated negotiations with Texas due to Americans fearing other foreign powers
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    Maine Territorial Disputes

    British building precaution road from St. Lawrence River seaport to Quebec that ran into disputed territory under misleading treaty of 1783, deepening conflict in 1842, resolved when Ashburton sent to Washington to establish relations with Daniel Webster, Compromise Treaty allowing Americans retaining large areas of wilderness but giving British the precauation route, British also surrendering Minnesota and the affair involving an American steamer "Caroline" resolved
  • Tension in Bahamas

    British offering 130 Virginian slaves asylum that had escaped through American Ship "Creole" despite British abolition movement, led to more serious conflict over slavery in America
  • Effects of Maine Territorial Disputes

    Effects of Maine Territorial Disputes
    Led to Americans gaining crucial iron ore deposit as well as a series of treaties leading to peaceful boundary between Canada and America, manifest destiny
  • Presidential Campaign of 1844

    Presidential Campaign of 1844
    Diplomacy with Texas shown through primary slogan: "Texas or Disunion", "All of Oregon or none" and "Reannexation of Texas" best show how politics intermixed with manifest destiny and won by pro-expansion Democrats, Polk "dark horse" as they expected Van Buren to run, campaign hype led to Compromise of the line of 49, expediency on Texas
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    James K. Polk's Influence

    Settled California through sending Nicholas P. Trist to sign Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, securing half of Mexico including California and Texas for $18 million, settled Oregon dispute, Compromise Line of 49° offered by British after change of heart, gained Columbia River and further influenced travellers to Oregon, strengthened Manifest Destiny, started new academy and won new laurels for the Marine Corps
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago
    This treaty was a result of the Mexican-American War. America gained Mexican territory from Texas to California that was north of Rio Grande. The Wilmot Priviso stated that slavery should never exist in any of the territories that would be taken from Mexico; the amendment was passed twice by the House but never got passed the Senate (where southern states equaled northern).
  • Revolutions of 1848

    Revolutions of 1848
    Also known as the Age of Sage. Began in Sicily, Italy, the Revolutions of 1848 were mainly about Republican protests against European Monarchies. The revolution was a failure, as the restoration of Democracy was not complete. Led many Europeans to flee Europe to go to the United States.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Capped off conflict between slave-holders and Free-soilers, Compromise admitted California as free state after rejection of Wilmot Proviso, introduced concept of popular soverignity into Utah and New Mexico
  • Ostend Manifesto

    Proposed to expand slavery to Cuba, raised huge dissent, supported by president but didn't pass Congress
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    Circumvention of the Peel Banking Act of 1844 by the British government set off public fears regarding the paper money losing its value. Railroad industries collapsed and banks closed as many of the risky investments were never repaid.
  • 'the Ladies of Langham Place'

    'the Ladies of Langham Place'
    In Britain a number of women's pressure groups appeared around 1858-59 under the leadership of Barbara Leigh Smith and Bessie Rayner Parkes. This inspired the American Women rights movement.