The Frontier

  • French and Indian War Begins

  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    This proclamation forbade English settlers from settling past the Appalachian Mountains.
  • San Diego Founded

    San Diego, the first Spanish Missionary, was founded on the 16th of July in 1769 in California.
  • San Antonio is made Colonial Spanish capital

    San Antonio is made Colonial Spanish capital
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was signed, making the United States an independent country from Great Britain.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Ended the American Revolution between the United States and Great Britain.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    The Northwest Ordinance organized a government, outlined the process for a state to be admitted to the Union, and gauranteed new states equal rights for the Northwest territory.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The Louisiana Purchase allowed Americans to further expand westward and opened up a new frontier. It was also the largest purchase of land in American history.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Lewis and Clark set out on this expedition to find a path of waterways connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the middle of the continent, establish relations with Native Americans, and to discover and catalogue plants and animals in the Louisiana Purchase.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    This war, between the United States and Great Britain, lasted until 1815.
  • American Factory System Begins

    The American Factory System began in 1813 in Waltham, Massachusetts.
  • Florida Purchased

    Florida Purchased
    Florida was purchased from Spain. This is also known as the Adams-Onis Treaty and the Transcontinental Treaty.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise said that no new states admitted to the Union above the 36° 30' line can be a slave state. It also admits Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
  • Winter Scene in Brooklyn by Guy

    Winter Scene in Brooklyn by Guy
  • Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe Doctrine, delivered by President James Monroe, warned European powers to not interfere in the development of the Western Hempisphere.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    The Erie Canal opens, creating an efficient waterway from New York to Lake Erie.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears is a path that Native Americans were forced to travel on from their original living place to reservations in Oklahoma. This removal of the Native Americans was enacted by President Andrew Jackson.
  • The Great Westward Migration

    The Great Westward Migration
  • First Telegram Sent

    Telegrams allowed one city to quickly communicate with another city. The first telegram was sent from Baltimore, Maryland.
  • Texas Annexed

    Texas Annexed
  • Gold Rush

    Gold Rush
    The Gold Rush caused a lot people to rush to California and Nevada at the chance of striking a large chunk of gold and becoming rich.
  • The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Added the Mexican Cession to American territory.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    Gadsden was purchased with the intent of creating an intercontinental railroad through the land from the ocean to New Orleans. It also created the border between the United States and Mexico.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    As settlers moved further West, Kansas and Nebraska began the process of becoming formal states in the Union. This caused further controversy over whether the government of Kansas would allow slavery or not.
  • The Backwoods of America by Cropsey

    The Backwoods of America by Cropsey
  • Civil War Starts

    The Civil War occured from 1861 to 1865. It was fought between the North (Union) and the South (Confederate). The main cause is said to be slavery.
  • Indian Encampment by Bierstadt

    Indian Encampment by Bierstadt
  • Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act allowed settlers who could stake off land, build a settlement, and plant a crop to have land for little to nothing. In 1863, the first settler, Daniel Freeman, successfully fulfilled all of the requirements.
  • Navajo Long Walk

    Navajo Long Walk
    The Navajo Long Walk was another Native American relocation attempt.
  • Alaska Purchase

    Alaska Purchase
    Alaska was purchased from Russia.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

  • Battle of Washita

  • Transcontinental Railroad Complete

    The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads met to form the first transcontinental railroad in America.
  • Yellowstone becomes First National Park

    Yellowstone becomes First National Park
  • Battle Little Big Horn

    Sitting Bull and his forces defeated General George Custer. This battle was the last battle between the Native Americans and the Americans.
  • Exodusters Migration

  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    Allowed Native Americans lots of land. It was an attempt to assimilate Native Americans into American culture and to break up Native American reservations.
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

  • Wounded Knee Massacre

  • Frederick Jackson Turner Speech

    Turner presents his speech, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," which marked the end of the American frontier and expansion era.
  • Hawai'i Annexed

    Hawai'i Annexed