This proclamation forbade English settlers from settling past the Appalachian Mountains.
San Diego Founded
San Diego, the first Spanish Missionary, was founded on the 16th of July in 1769 in California.
San Antonio is made Colonial Spanish capital
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was signed, making the United States an independent country from Great Britain.
Treaty of Paris
Ended the American Revolution between the United States and Great Britain.
The Northwest Ordinance organized a government, outlined the process for a state to be admitted to the Union, and gauranteed new states equal rights for the Northwest territory.
The Louisiana Purchase allowed Americans to further expand westward and opened up a new frontier. It was also the largest purchase of land in American history.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Lewis and Clark set out on this expedition to find a path of waterways connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the middle of the continent, establish relations with Native Americans, and to discover and catalogue plants and animals in the Louisiana Purchase.
War of 1812
This war, between the United States and Great Britain, lasted until 1815.
American Factory System Begins
The American Factory System began in 1813 in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Florida was purchased from Spain. This is also known as the Adams-Onis Treaty and the Transcontinental Treaty.
The Missouri Compromise said that no new states admitted to the Union above the 36° 30' line can be a slave state. It also admits Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Winter Scene in Brooklyn by Guy
The Monroe Doctrine, delivered by President James Monroe, warned European powers to not interfere in the development of the Western Hempisphere.
The Erie Canal opens, creating an efficient waterway from New York to Lake Erie.
Trail of Tears
The Trail of Tears is a path that Native Americans were forced to travel on from their original living place to reservations in Oklahoma. This removal of the Native Americans was enacted by President Andrew Jackson.
The Great Westward Migration
First Telegram Sent
Telegrams allowed one city to quickly communicate with another city. The first telegram was sent from Baltimore, Maryland.
The Gold Rush caused a lot people to rush to California and Nevada at the chance of striking a large chunk of gold and becoming rich.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Added the Mexican Cession to American territory.
Gadsden was purchased with the intent of creating an intercontinental railroad through the land from the ocean to New Orleans. It also created the border between the United States and Mexico.
As settlers moved further West, Kansas and Nebraska began the process of becoming formal states in the Union. This caused further controversy over whether the government of Kansas would allow slavery or not.
The Backwoods of America by Cropsey
Civil War Starts
The Civil War occured from 1861 to 1865. It was fought between the North (Union) and the South (Confederate). The main cause is said to be slavery.
Indian Encampment by Bierstadt
The Homestead Act allowed settlers who could stake off land, build a settlement, and plant a crop to have land for little to nothing. In 1863, the first settler, Daniel Freeman, successfully fulfilled all of the requirements.
Navajo Long Walk
The Navajo Long Walk was another Native American relocation attempt.
Alaska was purchased from Russia.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
Battle of Washita
Transcontinental Railroad Complete
The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads met to form the first transcontinental railroad in America.
Yellowstone becomes First National Park
Battle Little Big Horn
Sitting Bull and his forces defeated General George Custer. This battle was the last battle between the Native Americans and the Americans.
Allowed Native Americans lots of land. It was an attempt to assimilate Native Americans into American culture and to break up Native American reservations.
Oklahoma Land Rush
Wounded Knee Massacre
Frederick Jackson Turner Speech
Turner presents his speech, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," which marked the end of the American frontier and expansion era.