1800s American History

  • Nationalism

    America felt successful with foreign powers. This caused a rising sense in nationalism. This is known as the feelings of pride and loyalty to a nation.
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    Peace was throughout the countryso from 1815 to 1825 the U.S. enjoyed the event Good Feelings.
  • Sectionalism

    During the Era of Good feelings disagreements between differents religions, or sectionalism threatened the union. In 1819, Congress considered to enter Missouri Compromise were 11 free states and 11 slave states.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    Signed in 1819 by the Spanish and Americans which settled border disputes. America got east Florida, and the Spanish got what is now Texas. In 1818 Jackson attacked Floridian indians. Jackson took over most military posts,
  • McCulloch vs Maryland

    McCulloch vs Maryland
    Maryland passed a tax on limiting federal banks operation. Cashier James McCulloch refused, taken to court. U.S. Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional. This incident is known as McCulloch vs Maryland.
  • Sante Fe Trail

    Sante Fe Trail
    This was another imprtant path tot the west that lead to Sante Fe/ It followed an ancient trading route used by native americans.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Arguements between the Union whether to make Missouri a slave state or a free state. It was passed as a salve state when henry Clay made the Missouri Compromise. The next state would be a free state.
  • Sante Fe Trail

    Sante Fe Trail
    This was another important path to the west that lead to Sante Fe. It followed an ancient trading route used by Native Americans.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Mexico broke free from Spanish powers. James Monroe was worried other European countries would try and trade with Mexico and regulate it. The Monroe Doctrine was a warning statement to other European countries besides Britain no to mess with Latin America
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    To manage indian removal, congress created a new government.
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    Jackson rewarded supporters with government jobs. This is known as the spoil system - the pratice of giving of jobs to political supporters.
  • States rigthts doctrine

    States rigthts doctrine
    In repsonse to the tariff, Calhoun also used the protest to advance the states rights doctrine. This stated that since the states had formed a bational gov, the state powers should be greater. He felt national laws should be rejected by states if unconstitutional.
  • Tarrif of Abominations Rights

    Tarrif of Abominations Rights
    before Jackson took office Congress placed a hgih tariff on imports. Angry southerners cakked it the Tariff of abomination. They were outraged, John Adams signed the legislation. This is one of the main reasons why he was not re elected.
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    Jacksonian Democracy
    During Andrew Jackson presidency, democratic reforms were made changing voter qualifications. This expasion lead to the creation of nominating conventions, This became known as the Jacksonian Democracy.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Jackson wanted to open land from Georgia to Mississippi. The land was held by native americans. In 1830, congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing removal of Native Americans who lived eat od Miss. Rivers to lands west.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    Calhoun drew many challengers especially people from the north. Conflict arose and the dispute entered what is now called the nullification crisis.
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    A new political party by the name whig. It was made to oppose Andrew Jackson. They accused Jackson of running a monarchy. The whigs favored the idea of a week president and strong congress.
  • Alamo

    Texas created an army, and traveled to San Antonio. It then occupied the alamo which became the historic battle during the Texas Revolution.
  • Trail of tears

    Trail of tears
    in 1838, US troops went to remove all native americans to indian territory. the cherokees were forced to walk 800 miles. This journey became known as the Trail of tears. 1800 cherokee died on the journey.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Fur amounts lowered, and many people wanted to move west. Many settlers moving yo Oregon Country. They had to travel 2000 miles.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Many Americans believed it was Americabs Manifest Destiny to spread himan life all the way to the pacific ocean. O'Sullivan coined the term in 1845. Manifest Destiny was also fued up in the mid 1800s when it came to slavery.
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    A group of Western travelers who went to California, but were stranded on the Seirra Mountains. They began the journey in 1846, but then got trapped. Rescued in 1847 and 42 died.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    In the 1840's, Americans wanted to move to California. They followed the Oregon Trail. They quickly found gold when arrivng. People moved and it was quickly made a trade port
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Mexico and America had been in war. In February 1848, the U.S. and Mexico signed the Treaty of guadalupe Hildalgo which officially ended the war.
  • Forty Niners

    Forty Niners
    In 1849, California immagrant went hunting for gold. These people were known as forty-niners.
  • Gadsen Purchase

    Gadsen Purchase
    People wanted rail roads to California on American soil so we paid for this to happen for 10 million dollars. The track would would stretch from Arizona which Americans bought from Mexico.
  • Indian territory

    Indian territory
    Congress then passed the Indian Territory - U.S. land where is now Oklahoma is now, where native americans would settle. Some supporters of this plan like John Calhoun argued others to remove the Indian Territory.