1800's Timeline

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  • Nationalism

    -Feelings of pride and loyalty
    -Henry Clay was a strong supporter
    -Clay developed the American System, a series of measures that intended to make the U.S. economically self-sufficient
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    -From 1815 to 1825
    -Era of peace, pride, and progress
    -Saying came from a Boaton editor in 1817
    -Was an emphasis on national unity
  • Sectionalism

    -Disagreements between the different regions
    -One such disagreement was whether or not Missouri would be a slave state or free state
    -This led to the Missouri Compromise
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    -Settled all the border disputes between Spain and the US
    -Signed in 1819
    -The U.S. gave up Texas, Spain gave up Florida
    -U.S. gsve 5 million dollars of U.S. citizen claims to Spain
    -Andrew Jackson convinced Spain and America to make the treaty
  • McCulloch vs Maryland

    McCulloch vs Maryland
    -Maryland limited the Bank's operations off a tax
    -James MCColloch, a cashier of the Bank's branch in Maryland, refused to pay the tax
    -The State took him to court
    -The court ruled the national bank was constitutional
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    -Settled the conflict that arose from Missouri's statehood
    -Missouri would be a slave state
    -In contrast, Maine would be added as a free state to keep balance between slave and free states
    -Slavery was prohibted in the North
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    -Led from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico
    -Led through mountains and deserts
    -High profits led the traders to take the trail
    -U.S. government sent troops to make Natives were not a threat
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    -Conflict between the supporters and opponents of nullification deepened
    -The dispute became known as The Nullification Crisis
    -This was caused because of Calhoun's theory
    -John C. Calhoun resigned from Vice Presidency
    -Martin Van Buren replaced him on Andrew Jackson's 2nd term
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    -By the early 1820's, most Spanish colonies in America declared independence
    -Simon Bolivar led many of the struggles of independence
    -Mexico broke free of Spain in 1821
    -President James Monroe became worried because he feared that other European powers might try to take new Latin-American countries
    -Russia wants some of the Northwest Americas
    -James Monroe and Vice President John Adams wrote the Monroe Doctrine warning Europeans not to interfere with the Americas
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    -Manged Indian removal to west
    -Congress approved the creation of a new government agency
    -Choctaw Indians were the first to move
    -Many Indians died when they were moved
  • States' RIghts Doctrine

    States' RIghts Doctrine
    -Stated that since states had formed a national government, state power should be greater than the federal goverment
    -Vice President John C. Calhoun advanced this off of his "South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    -Congress placed high tariffs on imports before Jackson became president
    -Southers called it the Tariff of Abominations in anger
    -John Quincy Adams signed this even though he did not fully support it
    -The signing of the bill caused Adams not to win the re-election
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    Jacksonian Democracy
    -In the 1820's and 1830's
    -Period of expanded democracy
    -Political parties began holding public nominating conventions
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    -Practice of giving government jobs to political backers
    -President Jackson did this to his supporters
    -Martin Van Buren was Secretary of State
    -Jackson relied on his "Kitchen Cabinet", or advisors
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    -In 1830
    -Ordered Natives east of the Mississippi River to move West
  • Indian Territory

    Indian Territory
    -Current day Oklahoma
    -Supporters, such as John C. Calhoun, said the territory would protect Indians from further conflicts with Americans
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    -Favored the idea of weak presidents and a strong Congress
    -They could not agree on a presidential nominee
    -Whigs nomiated 4 men to run against Van Buren
    -Jackson backed Van Buren, and Van Buren won
    -In 1837, there was an economic depression
    -In 1849, the Whigs backed William Henry HArrison
    -Harrison won the election and for the first time the Whigs won presidency
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    -2000 miles long
    -Settlers followed it to go west
    -Followed Platte and Sweetwater rivers
    -The travel lasted 6 months
    -It cost 600 dollars to travels and the average worker mafe $1.50 a day
    -Wagons were pulled by oxen
    -5000 settlers were in Willamette Valley in 1845
  • Alamo

    -An abandoned mission near San Antonio that became an important battle site in the Texas Revolution
    -Rebels hoped to stall Mexicans
    -All of our defenders were killed
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    -Cherokee Indians wer moved to Indian territory
    -Some escaped in hid in North Carolina
    -Georgia took business, farms, and property from the Cherokee
    -The march was 800 miles and was known as the Trail of Tears
    -Almost 1/4 of the 1800 Cherokee died
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    -Means "obvious fate"
    -Settled land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in oreder to spread Democracy
    -Coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    -A group of western travelers who went to California but were stranded in the Sierra Nevada Mountains during winter
    -They tried to find a shortcut
    -They were trapped by snow and were starving
    -When rescue teams found them, almost half were dead
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    -Americans wanted to move to California
    -To get there they took the Oregon trail and spilt at Idaho
    -They tried to cross before the season's first snow
    -California became a trade center
  • Treaty of Guadalupe

    Treaty of Guadalupe
    -Signed in Feburary 1848 by Mexico and the U.S
    -Offically ended the war
    -Forced Mexico to turn over much of its northern territory to the U.S.
    -We got California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming
  • Forty-Niners

    -Gold-seeking migrants to California
    -Braved long dangerous trips to get to California
    -Many people flooded to California to get gold in California
    -San Fransico was a port-town
    -Population tripled in 2 years
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    -U.S. government paid Mexico 10 million dollars
    -In exchange, the U.S. recieved the southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico
    -This purchase finalized the boundary between U.S. and Mexico