Events Leading to the American Civil War

  • Nationalism

    Feelings of Pride for a country. This was especially felt during the war of 1812, when Americans had no doubt that they were American and would do anything to defeat the British and keep their nation free.
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    Period of time between the end of the War of 1812 and 1825 when business was booming in America, there was little conflict, and our country as a whole was flourishing.
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    Era of Good Feelings

  • Adam-Onis Treaty

    Adam-Onis Treaty
    After Andrew Jackson spent almost a year in Florida killing seminoles, Spain decided to sell America East Florida in exchange for Texas and $5 million dollars.
  • McCulloch v.s. Maryland

    Court Case that rules that the NAtional Bank was constitutional, increasing the poewr of the fdederal government.
  • Missouri Compromise

    When Missouri wanted to become a state, it tried to enter the union as a slave state. However, there were already 11 slave sates and 11 free states. Many people believed that if it entered as a slave state, it would tip the scales in favor of slave states. The Missouri Compromise allowed it to enter as a slave state, but made importing slaves into Missouri illegal and all the children of the slaves would be free.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Exclusive statement of American policy stating that if European nations try to colonize land in the U.S. or south America, it will be seen as an act of aggression and will require U.S. intervention.
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    Bureau created by the American Government to control the activities with the indiand and control relations, trade, and territory.
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    Disagreements between the North and South of America, mainly over slavery.
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    Jacksonian Democracy
    The Jacksonian Democracy that ANdrew Jackson created was to help the "common man" have rights. It lowered the property requirements to vote, started nominating party members with other party members instead of the leader choosing everyone, and overall expanded democracy.
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    This system rewarded followers of Andrew Jackson with government jobs.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    High tariff on imported goods made to protect industry in America. However, this enraged southerners who lost money because of this tariff and encouraged them to vote for Andrew Jackson in the 1828 election.
  • States' rights doctrine

    States' rights doctrine
    After the ridiculous tariffs, Vice President John C. Calhoun created this document stating that since the states make the federal government, they should be more powerful than it and should be able to govern themselves above the constitution.
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    Whig Party

    Political Party designed to oppose the Jacksonian Democracy that favored the idea of a weak president and a strong congress to make the decisions for America.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Removed Indians east of the Mississippi river and put them in the west to make room for American settlers.
  • Indian Territory

    Indian Territory
    Territory that the Eastern Indians were moved to, now known as Oklahoma and surrounding territory.
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    Nullification Crisis

    Disagreements between state and federal government power, mainly between the North and the South, that deepened the two regions' differences.
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    Oregon Trail

    2,200 mile long trail that American settlers traveled along to migrate west from Independence, MI to New Mexico, Arizona, and Oregon.
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    Santa Fe Trail

    Trail from Independence, MI to Santa Fe, NM
  • Alamo

    After Texas tried to break apart from Mexico and become independent, Mexico tried to attack Texas and kill the rebellion. The most famous sight of this civil war was the Alamo, where about 200 Texans held the fort against around 2,000 Mexican soldiers in order to stall for a bigger Texan army to get there. All Texans defending the Alamo died, but Texas won the war because of them.
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    Trail of Tears

    Torturous 800-mile long trail that Cherokee Indians were forced to walk to evacuate the east. over 1/4 of the 18,000 forced to walk it died of exhaustion, starvation, and disease.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Belief that Americans had that it was their destiny to settle all the way from the East Coast to the West Coast. This contributed to the idea of Indian Removal and American Supremacy.
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    Group of Travelers traveling through the Sierra Nevada Mountainsto get to the California Gold Rush who got stuck and had to resort to cannibalism in order to stay alive.
  • California Gold Rush

    Gold was discovered in California, and thousands of settlers flocked to califonrnia in order to strike it rich. While many ended up poor and, it resulted in lots of settlers on the west coast.
  • Forty-Niners

    The name of the imigrants who went to California seeking gold, over 80,000 of them striking rich.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Treaty that ended the US and Mexico war that started with the Alamo. This treaty also forced Mexico to give up much of it's land including Texas.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    U.S. Paid mexico 10 million dollars for what we now call New Mexico and Arizona.