House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams.Jackson, WH Crawford & H Clay Adams eventually declared president.
Erie Canal Completed
Tariff of 1828
a protective tariff passed by the U.S. Congress that came to be known as the "Tariff of Abominations" to its Southern detractors because of the effects it had on the Antebellum Southern economy; it was the highest tariff in U.S. peacetime and its goal was to protect industry in the northern United States from competing European goods by increasing the prices of European products.
Andrew Jackson becomes 7th President-Time of Jacksonian Democracy.
Famous during this time:
Spoil's System (Fired workers to hire people that supported his presidency, caused trouble and segregation for America)
Mormon Church organized in Fayette, New York
Indian Removal Act
signed in 1830, it provided for the immediate resettlement of native americans living in mississippi, alabama, florida, georgia, etc such as Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole
Oregon Trail is beginning and seeking for Oregon Settlers. The first major wagon train to the northwest departs from Elm Grove, Missouri, on the Oregon Trail. A thousand pioneers head west
Nat Turner's Rebellion
in 1831, this mass slave uprising resulted in the deaths of over 50 white men, women, and children - cautioned the world about the problems of freeing slaves
Nat Turner Rebels
Slave Nat Turner rebels and leads a slave revolt at Southamptoa, Virginia.
Abe Lincoln Enlists
Abe Lincoln enlists in the Illinois militia to help fight Sauk and Fox indians.
Tariff of 1832
andrew jackson lowered the previous tariff to 35 percent in order to appease the south; however south carolina nullified it and threatened to secede from the union
Whig Party formed
Jackson vetoes re-chartering of the 2nd National Bank, which creates the Whig party. Jackson supporters renewed the Jefferson Democratic Party
First Co-Ed College
Oberlin College in Ohio becomes the first co-ed colloege in the United States.
Jackson is Re-elected
Andrew Jackson takes oath for second term of Presidency
Let there be books!
First tax-supported public library opened in Peterborough, New Hampshire
Death of Lafayette- Revolutionary War hero on two continents
Mark Twain (a worldly known author) was born in Florida, Missouri.
Fighting for an Independent Texas (Battle of San Jacinto)
March 2 (1836)-Texas declares independence from Mexico.
April 21 (1836)- Battle of San Jacinto. Victory over Mexican army and capture of General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna on the following day achieves de facto Texas independence.
December 29 (1845)-Texas is annexed. Results in a war with Mexico.
6000 Mexicans defeat 190 Americans in 12 days.
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren takes oath and becomes America's 8th president.
Panic of 1837
Ecnomic downturn caused by loose lending practices of stat banks' and overspeculation. Martin Van Buren spent most of his time in office attempting to stablize and lessen the economic situation
The Trail of Tears
The forced movement of Cherokee Indians in 1838 to the land west of Mississippi River forced by the U.S. Army. it lasted 116 days and was 1,000 miles long, many Indians died
La Amistad taken over
Slaves take over a ship known as La Amistad and land in New York. After much controversy, slaves are able to return to their homeland and Spaniards are placed under arrest for illegal participation in the slave trade.
Railway Express Co. founded in Boston. Revolutionized productivity and transportation of goods and people.
The One-Month Term in Office: William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison takes office and becomes the 9th president of the United States and passes away exactly one month later.
The One-Month Term in Office Cont'd: John Tyler
John Tyler is elected and becomes the 10th President of the United States after William Henry Harrison passed away after his short-lived one month term.
Advancement in Communication
Samuel F. B. Morse opens telegraphic link between Baltimore and Washington D.C. Advances and revolutionizes technology in means of communication.
James K. Polk
James K. Polk takes oath and is elected as the 11th President of the United States.
1846-1848 , Mexico broke relations with USA after annexation of Texas. Also, dispute over boundary of Texas and Americans were interested in New Mexico and California, as well. Polk sent Slidell to try and buy off the Mexicans... they wouldn't budge.Polk ordered Taylor to move army across Nueces River to the Rio Grande. They stayed stationed for a while,finally Mexicans crossed the river and attacked and started the war. America got New Mexico and California and it ended with Treaty of Guadalupe
After the Potatoe Famine in Ireland, many people fleed to America.
The Wilmot Proviso
Proposal to prohibit slavery in any land acquired in the Mexican War, but southern senators, led by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, defeated the measure in 1846 and 1847. It Failed
New Mexico annexed by the United States.
Pioneering Women's Rights Convention
Held in Seneca Falls, New York.
Treaty of 1848
Gained California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming for the Union.
Fugitive Slave Act
Stated if a slave were found that had left their owner they were to be returned, and if not returned it was considered illegal. The first Fugitive Slave Act was enacted by Congress in 1793 but as the northern states abolished Slavery, the act was rarely enforced.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe's famous "Uncle Tom's Cabin" Edtorial adds to slavery tensions.
Military and Political Leader
The Second Great Awakening
Wave of religious revivals around 1800 that encouraged a culture of evangelicalism responsible for an upswing in prison reform, the temperance cause, the feminist movement, and abolition - resulted in methodist and baptists being the two largest denominations
in 1851, Neal S. Dow created this law to prohibit the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in that state