1800's Timeline

  • Period: to

    Events

  • Nationalism

    Nationalism
    -feelings of pride and loyalty for your nation
    -Henry Clay was a strong supporter of Nationalism
    -Clay developed American System, a series of measures that intended to make the US economically self-sufficient
  • Era of Good Feelings

    Era of Good Feelings
    -kickstarted by the mood of winning the War of 1812
    -Era of peace, pride and progress
    -saying coined by a Boston editor in 1817
    -was an emphasis on national unity
  • Sectionalism

    Sectionalism
    -disagreements between the different regions
    -led to the disagreement of whether Missouri would be a slave or free state
    -led to the Missouri compromise
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    -settled border disputes between Spain and the US
    -US gave Spain Texas; Spain gave US Florida
    -US gave 5 million dollars of US citizen claims to Spain
    -Andrew Jackson convinced Spain and the US to make a treaty
  • McCulloch vs Maryland

    McCulloch vs Maryland
    -Maryland limited the bank's operations with a tax
    -James McCulloch, a cashier of the bank's branch in Maryland at the time, refused to pay the tax
    -Maryland took him to court
    -court ruled that the national bank was constitutional
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    -the conflict that arose from Missouri's application for statehood would be settled
    -Missouri would be a slave state
    -Maine would join as a free state to keep balance between slave and free states
    -slavery would be prohibited from then on for new states and territories in the north
  • Sante Fe Trail

    Sante Fe Trail
    -from places like Independence, Missouri, to Sante Fe, New Mexico
    -led through deserts and mountains
    -high profits led traders to follow the dangerous trail
    -US government sent troops to protect the traders from Native Americans
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    -by early 1820's, most Spanish colonies in America had declared independence
    -Simon Bolivar led many of the struggles for independence
    -Mexico broke free of Spain in 1821
    -James Monroe became afraid because he feared that other European powers might try and take new Latin-American countries
    -Russia wanted some of Northwest America
    -James Monroe and John Adams made a document known as the Monroe Doctrine, warning Europeans not to interfere with the Americans
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    -managed Native American removal to western lands
    -Congress approved the creation of this new government agency
    -Choctaw were the first moved
    -many Native Americans were killed in the relocation process
  • States' Rights Doctrine

    States' Rights Doctrine
    -stated that since the states formed the national government, state power should be greater than federal power
    -Vice President John C. Calhoun advanced this off of his "South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    -Congress placed a high tariff on imports before Andrew Jackson became president
    -southerners dubbed it the Tariff of Abominations in anger
    -John Quincy Adams signed it despite not fully supporting it
    -signing the bill caused Adams to lose the re-election
  • Jacksonian Democracy

    Jacksonian Democracy
    -1820's and 1830's
    -period of expanding democracy in the US
    -political parties had begun holding public nomination conventions
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    -was the practice of giving government jobs to politcal supporters
    -President Andrew Jackson did this for his supporters
    -Martin Van Buren was the Secretary of State
    -Jackson relied on his cabinet
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    -Ordered Native Americans located east of the Mississippi to move west, to reserved lands
  • Indian Territory

    Indian Territory
    -Current day Oklahoma
    -John C. Calhoun, just one of many supporters of the territory, said that the territory would protect the Native Americans from further conflicts
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    -conflict between the supporters and opponents of nullification deepened
    -caused by Calhoun's theory
    -Calhoun resigned from Vice Presidency
    -Martin Van Buren replaced him until Jackson's second term
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    -favored a weak president and a strong Congress
    -could not agree on a president nominee
    -nominated 4 men to run against Van Buren
    -Andrew Jackson backed Van Buren, allowing him to win
    -1837 an economic depression began
    -1840, Whigs backed William Henry Harrison
    -Harrison won the election and for the first time ever gave a Whig Party nominee presidency
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    -2000 mile long journey to the west
    -settlers followed this trail
    -followed Platte and Sweetwater rivers
    -Travel lasted 6 months
    -cost $600, when the average worker made $1.50 a day
    -wagons pulled by oxen
    -5000 settlers were in Willamette valley by 1845
  • Alamo

    Alamo
    -abandoned mission near San Antonio that became an important battle site in the Texas Revolution
    -rebels were hoping to stall the Mexicans
    -all of our defenders were killed
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    -Cherokee Indians were moved to Indian reserved territory in the west
    -some were able to escape and hide in North Carolina
    -Georgia took property from the relocated Cherokee
    -they went on a forced 800 mile march, known as the Trail of Tears, to get to the relocation site
    -nearly 1/4 of the 18,000 Cherokee died on the way
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    -means "obvious fate"
    -settle the land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy
    -coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    -group of western-bound travelers who were stranded in the Sierra Nevada Mountains during the winter
    -tried to find a shortcut, and lost the main trail
    -trapped by snow and were starving
    -when rescue teams found them, nearly half were dead
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    -Americans began a major migration to California
    -took the Oregon Trail and split off at Idaho
    -had to cross before the season's first snowfall
    -California became a major trade center
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    -signed in February 1848 by Mexico and the US
    -officially ended war
    -forced Mexico to turn over much of its northern territory to the US
    -US gained California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado
  • Forty-Niners

    Forty-Niners
    -gold seekers that migrated to California
    -braved long and dangerous journies to get to California
    -San Francisco became a port-town
    -population of the area tripled in 2 years
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    -US government paid Mexico $10 million
    -US recieved the southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico
    -this purchase finalized the border between US and Mexico