War of 1812

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    War of 1812

  • President Madison Takes Office

    President Madison Takes Office
    ~Tension with Britain was high
    ~Americans were angry that Britain was arming Native Americans
    ~Americans resented impressment of American sailors by the British
    ~Native Americans were not happy at America for taking their land
    ~America was at stake when President Madison took office
  • War Hawks Take Power

    War Hawks Take Power
    ~They wanted to conquer Canada
    ~They wanted to take Flordia from Spain
    ~End the British aiding the Native Americans
    ~Winning the war with Britain would bring everlasting peace
    ~Winning against Britain would also mean safety
  • Relations with Great Britain Worsen

    Relations with Great  Britain Worsen
    ~Tension with Britain was high when James Madison took office
    ~Americans were angry with Britain for arming Native Americans in the Northwest
    ~Clay and Calhoun were War Hawks
    ~Congress declared war on Britain
    ~War Hawks wanted to go to war with Britain
  • Congress Declares War on Britain

    Congress Declares War on Britain
    ~June 1812, Congress declares war
    ~Native Americans supported Britain
    ~Britain was at war in Europe
    ~America was not ready for war
    ~Jefferson's spending cuts hurt America's military, navy, and army
  • America is Not ready for War

    America is Not ready for War
    ~America's declaration for war took the British by surprise
    ~They were locked in a bitter struggle with Napolean
    ~They would not spare troops to fight the United States
    ~The Navy only had 16 ships to fight
    ~The Army was small and ill equipped
  • Britain Blockades American Ports

    Britain Blockades American Ports
    ~The navy had only 16 ships ready for action
    ~The army had fewer than 7,000 men
    ~British blockaded the American Coast
    ~British navy had 135 warships blockading American ports
    ~The British were able to close off American ports by war's end
  • Invasion of Canada

    Invasion of Canada
    ~General Willaim Hull moved American troops into Canada from Detroit
    ~The Canadians were lead by a clever and skillful British leader, General Isaac
    ~Isaac paraded his soldiers in red coats to make it appear that experienced British troops were helping the Canadians
    ~He sent a message with false information to fall into American's hand
    ~Hull retreated from Canada
  • USS Constitution Scores a Victory

    USS Constitution Scores a Victory
    ~A major sea battle that was very fierce
    ~The USS Constitution defeated the British warship, Guerriere
    ~British artillery bounced off the ships think wooden hull
    ~It seemed as if the USS Constitution was made of iron
    ~The Constitution's nickname was Old Ironsides
  • Battle of Lake Erie

    Battle of Lake Erie
    ~Both sides knew the importance of controlling Lake Erie
    ~A three hour battle took place at Put-In-Bay
    ~American Flagship was badly damaged
    ~Oliver Hazard Perry switched to another ship and continued to fight
    ~The Americans won the battle, and now they have control over Lake Erie
  • Battle of Thames

    Battle of Thames
    ~British retreated from Detroit into Canada
    ~General Willaim Henry Harrison pursued them
    ~The Americans won a victory at the battle
    ~Tecumseh died in fighting
    ~ The Indian confederation soon fell apart
  • Horseshoe Bend

    Horseshoe Bend
    ~Creek warriers attacked several southern American settlments
    ~Andrew Jackson took command of American forces in Georgia
    ~Jackson defeated the creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    ~The treaty that ended the fighting forced the creeks to give up millions of acres of land
    ~Native Americans also suffered defeat in the south
  • Washington D.C. Attacked and Burned

    Washington D.C. Attacked and Burned
    ~British ships sailed into Chesapeake Bay
    ~American troops met the British at Bladensburg, Maryland
    ~Dolly Madison gathered up important papers for the President and fled south
    ~The battle-hardened and the British quickly scattered the untrained Americans
    ~British met little further resistance as they continued to the capitol
  • Attack on Baltimore

    Attack on Baltimore
    ~The British's objective was to attack Fort McHenery
    ~British ships bombarded the fort
    ~The Americans beat off the attack
    ~The American flag was still there after the battle was over
    ~Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner
  • Writing the Star-Spangeled Banner

    Writing the Star-Spangeled Banner
    ~Francis Scott Key wrote the poem
    ~He wrote about what he saw during the battle
    ~The poem was writtin on the back of an old envelop
    ~It became popular and was set to music
    ~In 1931, Congress made it the National Anthem of the U.S.
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    ~A group of Federalists met in Hartford, Connecticut
    ~Some suggested that the New England states secede from the U.S.
    ~With the war over, the Hartford Convention ended quickly
    ~News of the Peace Treaty arrived
    ~The U.S secured its independence from Britain
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    ~By 1814, Britain had been tired of war
    ~Peace talks began in Ghent, Belgium
    ~On Christmas Eve, the two sides signed the treaty
    ~The treaty returned things the way they were before war
    ~The news took several weeks to reach the U.S
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    ~General Andrew Jackson had American forces
    ~The battle was fought against the British
    ~Jackson was waiting for the British
    ~America won the battle against the British
    ~More than 2,000 British were killed