War of 1812

  • Causes of the War of 1812

    Causes of the War of 1812
    As stated in President Madison's speech:
    -impressment of American sailors
    -Britain's blockade of US ports
    -Britain's refusal to repeal its Order-In-Council
    -Britain's incitement of Native Americans
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

  • US loses Fort Mackinac

    US loses Fort Mackinac
    British invade the American territory
  • USS Constitution defeats HMS Guerriere

    USS Constitution defeats HMS Guerriere
    USS Constitution gets the nickname, "Old Ironsides"
  • Battle of Frenchtown

    Battle of Frenchtown
    -Kentucky troops repelled by British and Indians in bloody fighting
    -American survivors are killed in Raisin River Massacre
  • Battle of York

    Battle of York
    American troops take control of the Great Lakes and burn the city of York (now present day Toronto)
  • Battle of Lake Erie

    Battle of Lake Erie
    -US Navy, led by Captain Perry, defeats a British naval attack
    -Ensured American control of the lake for the rest of the war
  • Battle of the Thames

    Battle of the Thames
    Resulted in the death of Tecumseh and the destruction of his Native American coalition
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend

    Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    -General Andrew Jackson leads US forces and Indian allies in a victory over the creek Indians
    -Ends the Creek War
  • British burn Washington, D.C.

    British burn Washington, D.C.
    -A British force led by General Robert Ross occupied Washington, D.C. and set fire to many public buildings
    -Several facilities of the US government, such as the White House and US Capitol, were mostly destroyed
  • Battle of Plattsburg

    Battle of Plattsburg
    US secures its northern border with a major victory against a much larger British force
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    -New England Federalists meet to discuss their grievances against the War of 1812
    -Discussed secession and proposed amendments to protect their influence
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    -Ended the War of 1812
    -Returned relations to the way they were before the war
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    -Final major battle of the War of 1812
    -Andrew Jackson defeats an invading British army, setting the stage for him to become President later
  • Results of the War of 1812

    Results of the War of 1812
    -There were no geographical or major policy changes
    -Britain ended impressment of American sailors
    -Americans regained honor in "the second war of independence"
    -Canada emerged with a sense of unity and pride