Towako Hiramatsu

  • Period: 1000 to

    Russia serdom

    At the lowest level were the peasants, few of whom were free. Most of them spent their entire lives as crippled peasants, called serfs.
  • Period: 1100 to

    Japan feudalism

    A social and political system in which a lord under a monarch controls the land and governs the people of the land.
    In Japan, there are gon and houko
  • 1271

    Kublaihan China

    He was a Mongol invader and founded China. But his dynasty crumbled in less than a century.
  • Period: 1300 to

    Ottoman Empire

    It extended not only to modern-day Turkey but also to the Balkan region of Europe and parts of North Africa and Southeast Asia. It was the largest and most enduring of the great Islamic empires.
  • Period: 1420 to 1580

    Finding our way to Asia

    Portuguese captains searched farther and farther up the western coastline of Africa in search of a route to Asia. Mathematicians and astronomers were enlisted to try to figure out the way.
  • Period: 1450 to

    gunpowder empire

    These terms refer to Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia, which relied on firearms for conquest and domination. In addition to these, they also included the three Muslim empires of Russia, the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid dynasty, and the Mughal Empire. Although gunpowder empire societies tended to be militaristic, they left a great artistic and architectural legacy created to reflect the legitimacy of their rulers.
  • Period: 1451 to 1481

    mehmed 2

    In 1453, he captured Constantinople and destroyed the Byzantine Empire. It extended its territory to the entire Balkan Peninsula and established its rule as an "empire".
  • 1487

    Dias de Novais

    Novais proved that ships could go around Africa and reach East Asia. Also leaving Portugal, his expedition succeeded in finding the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
  • 1493

    Creation of a Boundary Line

    The Pope created a boundary line, an imaginary line down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean from the North Pole to the South Pole.
    Spain would control all lands west of the boundary line, and Portugal would control all lands east of it. The problem, the line is so far east that Spain could take over trade in Asia. → (Treaty of Tordesillas) Making the boundary line west.
  • 1497

    vasco da gama

    vasco da gama came to india from portugal. Calicut on India's east-west coastline in 10 months.
    Hindus and At a trading center they stopped at, they found Muslims trading in fine silks, porcelain, and spices.
  • Period: 1547 to

    Ivan 4

    He attempted to expand Russia's borders eastward, but this expansion led to an increasing reliance on the use of gunpowder.
  • Tomas Hobbes., John Locke

    Though about natural law and government initiatives.
  • Galileo Galilei

    He builds a telescope and he is sure about the relationship between the sun and the earth.
    He was convinced that the theory that the earth revolves around the sun is correct.
  • The Scots invaded England

    King Chearles1 had no chance but to ask for money support from Parliament which had ignored him from 11 years.
  • Isac Newton

    He described the work of Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler.
    He proved that an ordered universe should be described using precise mathematical formulas.
    These had a profound impact on scientific thought
  • Period: to

    English civil war

    A political dispute between parliamentarians and supporters of the king.
    The three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Irelan wanted to rule.
    The king was defeated, allowing them to decide who would rule the country for themselves.
  • Period: to

    empire kanji

    presided over a period of stability and expansion in the Qing Dynasty of China.
    It sent troops to Taiwan, Mongolia, and Central Asia and incorporated these regions into its empire.
  • John Locke, second treatise civil government

    He offered his thoughts on the state of government. Government is only there to bring joy to the people, and if they do something wrong, they should be allowed to resist.
  • examining religion

    a new religion philosophy called theism spread throughout Europe and the United States.
    Declaration condemning organized religion and exploiting the ignorance and superstition of the respective people.
  • Voltaire, Letter Concerning the English Nation

    Multiple religions make for peace. He also believes that everyone is equal.
  • Adam Smith, The Wealth of nations

    labor is the source of value and wealth can be increased by increasing the efficiency of production of labor.
    The idea is that even if each individual pursues his or her own private interests, the "invisible hand" of God will work to create harmony and lead to the realization of the happiness of society as a whole.
  • Period: to

    france revolution

    ・Fall of the French absolute   monarchy
    ・Abolition of the class system
    ・Abolition of feudalism
    ・Adoption of the Declaration of  Human Rights
  • Period: to

    Haitian revolution

    The most successful revolution of the African slave uprisings in the Western Hemisphere.
    A free black republic, Haiti, was founded.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft, A vindication of the Rights of Women

    they believe that women should have the same access to education in creating an environment where men can live as equally as possible in society. gender equality-education
  • Period: to


    Fearing the influence of the French Revolution, he adopted a thoroughly repressive politics and strictly forbade exchanges with other countries. In his later years, he insulated himself from the British and tried to forge an alliance with France, which led to dissatisfaction among the nobility, and he was assassinated.
  • pau1 style of government

    He issued a decree to the nobles and lords restricting the labor of serfs owned by them and forbidding them to work more than three days week
  • Period: to


    A movement, ideology, or policy in which one nation or ethnic group attempts to create a powerful nation by invading, dominating, or oppressing other nations or ethnic groups politically, economically, or militarily in order to expand its own interests, territory, or power.
    These encouraged European nations to notice empires in order to compete for power.
    The Industrial Revolution led countries to seek new lands.
  • New Netherland - Patroon System

    It abolished all vestiges of rent, quarter sales, and feudal obligations, and prohibited the leasing of agricultural land for more than 12 years.
  • Period: to

    General Pennequin

    He revisited the yellow army plan he had presented in 1912 and used the plan as a pretext to secure more labor. He called for rapid decolonization, recognizing the evolution of Vietnamese society and the emergence of a modern-oriented bourgeoisie, which had been shaken by colonization since 1911. He recommended the creation of a national army of domestic officers as the first modern organization for colonized countries and a potential motor for independence and nation-state building.
  • Period: to

    Africa Severe Drought

    Severe droughts in Africa led to epidemics of smallpox, cholera, and other diseases. Numerous deaths occurred.
    The following year, however, the population began to grow again
  • Period: to

    kingdom of Belgium

    They worked to expand his colonial rule in Africa and owned a private territory, the Congo Free State, in the Congo region.
  • Period: to

    Berlin congress

    Leopold II's entry into the Congo brought him into conflict with the interests of Britain, France, and other countries that had already been working on the partition of Africa, and the Congo problem became an international dispute. The German Chancellor Bismarck mediated, and the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 was held. At this conference, Leopold II recognized the possession of the Congo, and on April 3, 1885, he announced the "Free State of the Congo.
  • Period: to

    Boxer Rebellion

    They gradually grew into a large group, attacking foreigners and Christian missionaries in the Shandong region, and finally gathered in Beijing in 1900 and rose up in an uprising.
  • Edmund Morrell

    Edmund Morrell founded a newspaper.
    His experience in the African trade made him aware of the unnaturalness of the Congo trade, and he wanted to denounce it.
  • Period: to

    49,000 Vietnamese hired as laborers

    Forty-nine thousand Vietnamese were hired as laborers under military authority. Although many women took over, labor was in short supply at the munitions factories, and these Vietnamese peasants were assigned to production sites in southern and southwestern France, including the Tarbes Arsenal and the Bergerac gunpowder factory.
  • Period: to

    Benito Mussolini

    Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945
    After working for the Italian Socialist Party, he independently developed a new political ideology, fascism, and established a one-party dictatorship by the National Fascist Party.
  • Period: to

    Japan fascism

    In Japan, the two-party system of the Seiyukai and the Minseito that had become customary during the Taisho era (1912-1926) was weakened. Socialism and communism rapidly spread and gradually became the mainstream way of thinking. The military also sought to expand its own rights by appropriating the Emperor's right to command and control as stated in the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.
  • Period: to

    Germany fascism

    Germany, in particular, had been hit with huge reparations from the victorious countries of World War I, and the domestic economy was at its worst. Many people were in despair, suffering from poverty and heavy taxes.
    In an attempt to break out of this situation, Adolf Hitler, who was unknown at the time, suddenly came forward as a politician. He used his powerful oratory to voice the discontent of the common people, inspiring their shattered pride and expanding his support.
  • Hitler's African Victims

    In the massacre of black French soldiers by the Germans, the Germans treated them as curiosities." According to eyewitnesses and remaining photographs, some German soldiers and guards were proud to be photographed with black prisoners of war."
  • Columbus hipsniola

    He made a second trip to the island of Hispaniola, with 1,200 people and a load of seeds, plants, livestock, birds, dogs, rats, and weeds.1 Seven vessels were transported. And he created an opportunity to teach them a new way of life.
  • Period: to

    Augusto Pinochet;Chile 180 degrees opposite politics

    His politics were 180 degrees different than before.
    His values are profit-driven and his dictatorship has sold out the country. His approach was not a good one, and it was harsh, killing anyone who disagreed with his ideas.
  • Chile Coup d'état

    General Pinochet overthrew the Angende socialist government in a coup. The U.S. supported him in this background. Also, his politics would have been a military dictatorship and very harsh. Also, they say this coup was very big and like an earthquake!