Timeline Project: Unit 2 - 600 CE to 1450 CE

Timeline created by mccaskilll
In History
  • 306

    Constantinople

    Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and when the Turks took over, it became Istanbul.
  • Apr 8, 622

    Foundation of Islam

    Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the holy text known as the Qur'an (a text considered by it's follwers to be the literal word of Allah.
  • Apr 8, 632

    Sunni - Shi'ite Split

    The split between Sunni and Shit'ite started with a fight over who should lead the faithful after the prophet Muhammad's death in 632. One side believed that direct descendants of the prophet should take up the mantle of the caliph. The other side, the Sunnis, thought that any worthy man could lead the faithful, regardless of lineage, and favored Abu Bakr.
  • Apr 8, 962

    Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    The Holy Roman Empire existed in Central Europe for about a millenium.The multiethnic Empire's territorial extent varied over its history, but at its peak it encompassed the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Burgundy.
  • Apr 8, 1037

    Seljuk Turks come into Persia

    After arriving in Asia, the Turks adopted the Persian culture and language, and established a government known as the Seljuk Dynasty.
  • Apr 8, 1215

    Magna Carta is Issued

    The Magna Carta is an English charter that includes the most direct challenges to the monarch's authority. It required that King John to proclaim certain liberties, and accept that his will was not arbitrary, for example by explicitly accepting that no "freeman" could be punished except through the law of the land, a right which is still in existence today.
  • Apr 8, 1324

    Mansa Musa

    Mansa Musa is a famous ruler most well-known for his indulgent hajj to Mecca with a lot of gold. Mali was strengthened by Mansa Musa in ways of education, trade, and commerce.
  • Apr 8, 1401

    Renaissance

    The Renaissance is a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.
  • Apr 8, 1440

    Gutenberg Press

    A device operated by applying pressure toand inked surface to transfer the ink on to paper in the form of text. It was a very relolutionary invention.
  • Period:
    224
    to
    Apr 8, 651

    Sasanid Empire

    The Sasanid Empire was the last pre-Islamic Persian Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty The Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacids and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus IV.
  • Period:
    250
    to
    Apr 8, 900

    Maya Civilization reaches highest state of development

    According to the Mesoamerican chronology, many Maya cities reached their highest state of development during the Classic period, and continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish.
  • Period:
    300
    to
    Apr 12, 1200

    Ghana

    Ancient Ghana encompassed what is now modern Northern Senegal and Southern Mauritania.It is thought that a number of clans of the Soninke people came together under a leader with semi-divine status, called Dinga Cisse.
  • Period:
    306
    to
    Apr 8, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    The Byzantine Empire was centered on the capital of Constantinople and was ruled by emperors in direct succession to the ancient Roman emperors after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
  • Period:
    581
    to
    Apr 8, 618

    Sui Empire

    The Sui Empire was an ephemeral Imperial Chinese dynasty founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui Dynasty capital was at Luoyang. His reign saw the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 618
    to
    Apr 8, 907

    Tang Empire

    Tang Empire founded by the Li family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire. The dynasty was interrupted briefly by the Second Zhou Dynasty when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne,
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 661
    to
    Apr 8, 750

    Umayyad Caliphate

    The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major Arab caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. Although the Umayyad family originally came from the city of Mecca, Damascus was the capital of their Caliphate.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 711
    to
    Apr 8, 1492

    Muslims Conquer Spain

    During an eight-year campaign most of the Iberian Peninsula was brought under Islamic rule. This territory, under the Arab name Al-Andalus, became first an Emirate and then an independent Umayyad Caliphate, the Caliphate of Córdoba, after the overthrowing of the dynasty in Damascus by the Abbasids
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 742
    to
    Apr 8, 814

    Charlemagne

    was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 750
    to
    Apr 8, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    The Abbasid Caliphate was the third of the Islamic caliphates. It was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty of caliphs, who built their capital in Baghdad after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphs from all but the Al Andalus region.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 880
    to
    Apr 8, 1245

    Kievan Russia

    Kievan Russia was a named used to identify the Medieval state of Russia. East Slavic Tribes and Scandinavian warriors were the original founders. Rus' polity is widely considered an early predecessor of three modern East Slavic nations: Belarusians, Russians and Ukrainians.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 960
    to
    Apr 8, 1279

    Song Empire

    The Song Empire is a Chinese dynasty that was divided into two distinct periods: the Northern Song and Southern Song. During the Northern Song, the Song capital was in the northern city of Bianjing and the dynasty controlled most of inner China. The Southern Song refers to the period after the Song lost control of northern China to the Jin Dynasty.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 961
    to
    Apr 8, 1190

    Mali

    Mali was founded under the leadership of King Sundiata. Under his rule, the Mali Empire extended its territories very fast. After the death of Sundiata, Mansa Musa was the next great ruler who contributed to the meteoric rise of the ancient Mali Empire.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1095
    to
    Apr 8, 1291

    Crusades

    The Franks of France and the Holy Roman Empire waged a series of religiously sanctioned militarty campaigns to restore Christian control of the Holy Land.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1138
    to
    Apr 8, 1193

    Saladin

    Saladin was a Muslim, who became the Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1199
    to
    Apr 8, 1353

    Songhai

    In 1340, the Songhai took advantage of the Mali Empire's decline and successfully asserted its independence. A civil war weakened the empire after the death of Emperor Askia Daoud.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1206
    to
    Apr 8, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    Mongol conquests took place around the 13th century and covered much of Asia and Eastern Europe. Mongols continued to spread throughout further centuries, but remained in Asia and Eastern Europe for the 13th century.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1206
    to
    Apr 8, 1227

    Genghis Khan

    Genghis Khan was the founder and emperor of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death. He started the Mongol invasions that would ultimately result in the conquest of most of Eurasia.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1206
    to
    Apr 8, 1526

    Delhi Sultanate

    Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived Islamic kingdoms or sultanates of Turkic origin in medieval India, which ruled from Delhi between 1206 and 1526.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1228
    to
    Apr 8, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1250
    to
    Apr 8, 1517

    Mamluk Sultanate

    A Mamluk was a soldier of slave origin. Over time, mamluks became a powerful military caste in various Muslim societies. Particularly in Egypt, but also in the Levant, Iraq, and India, mamluks held political and military power. In some cases, they attained the rank of sultan, while in others they held regional power as amirs or beys. Most notably, mamluk factions seized the sultanate for themselves in Egypt and Syria in a period known as the Mamluk Sultanate.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1336
    to
    Apr 8, 1405

    Timur

    Timur was a conqueror of Western, South and Central Asia, founder of the Timurid Empire and Timurid dynasty. He sought to restore the Mongol Empire, yet his heaviest blow was against the Islamized Tatar Golden Horde.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1337
    to
    Apr 8, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    The Hundred Years War was a series of wars waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet for the French throne, which had become vacant upon the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1368
    to

    Ming Empire

    The Ming Empire is a Chinese dynasty following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty and was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Hans.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1371
    to
    Apr 8, 1435

    Zheng He

    Zheng He was a Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet admiral, who commanded voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa, collectively referred to as the "Voyages of Zheng He"
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1438
    to
    Apr 8, 1527

    Inca Civilization Expansion

    The Inca civilization has barely 1000 years of history, since the point of birth as a simple Inca Tribe on the heart of the Andes. The Incas expansion started with Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui, he was the ninth Inca ruler. He expands the Inca empire to the north, up to Ecuador and Colombia; and to the south until Chile, Bolivia and Argentina.
  • Period:
    Apr 8, 1440
    to
    Apr 8, 1505

    Ivan III

    Ivan III was a Grand Prince of Moscow. Sometimes referred to as the "gatherer of the Russian lands", he tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde over the Rus, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. He was one of the longest-reigning Russian rulers in history.