Timeline of the ATCFAI

Timeline created by sophieallan
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  • Flying Shuttle

    The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving. It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms. It was patented by John Kay (1704–c. 1779) in 1733.
  • Spinning Jenny

    The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning frame. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England
  • Spinning Frame

    In 1768, Richard Arkwright invented the spinning frame that could produce stronger threads for yarns
  • Cotton Gin Developed

    the first modern mechanical cotton gin was created by American inventor Eli Whitney in 1793, and patented in 1794
  • Developed the Jacquard Loom

    in France in 1804-05 by Joseph-Marie Jacquard
  • Ring Spinning

    Machine shops experimented with ring frames and components in the 1830s. The success of the ring frame, however, was dependent on the market it served and it was not until industry leaders like Whitin Machine Works in the 1840s and the Lowell Machine Shop in the 1850s began to manufacture ring frames that the technology started to take hold
  • Mauveine

    Mauveine, also known as aniline purple and Perkin's mauve, was the first synthetic organic chemical dye, discovered in 1856
  • Cellulose acetate created

    Paul Schützenberger discovered that cellulose could react with acetic anhydride to form cellulose acetate in 1865, a synthetic fiber
  • Singer sewing machine

    In 1885 Singer produced its first "vibrating shuttle" sewing machine, an improvement over contemporary transverse shuttle designs
  • Chardonnet silk

    discovery of nitrocellulose as a potential replacement for real silk.
    He called his new invention "Chardonnet silk" and displayed it in the Paris Exhibition of 1889.
  • Sanforizsation

    Sanforization is a process of treatment used for cotton fabrics mainly and most textiles made from natural or chemical fibres, patented by Sanford Lockwood Cluett (1874–1968) in 1930
  • Nylon

    Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers known generically as aliphatic polyamides, first produced on February 28, 1935, by Wallace Carothers
  • Polyester

    British chemists, John Rex Whinfield and James Tennant Dickson, employees of the Calico Printer's Association of Manchester, patented "polyethylene terephthalate" (also called PET or PETE) in 1941
  • Microfibre

    Experiments to produce ultra-fine fibers of a continuous filament type were made subsequently, the most promising of which were run in Japan during the 1960s by Dr. Miyoshi Okamoto
  • Lyocell

    Lyocell is a regenerated cellulose fiber made from dissolving pulp (bleached wood pulp). It was developed and first manufactured for market development as Tencel in the 1980s by Courtaulds Fibres in Coventry UK