The Industrial Revolution 23315

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  • Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull
    one of the first scientific farmers. Jethro found that the usual way for sowing seeds was wasteful and many of the seeds failed to take root. he solved this problem with the invention of the seed drill.
  • Flying shuttle

    Flying shuttle
    Invented by John Kay, the flying shuttle speedily carried threads of yearn back and forth when the weaver pulled a handle. This invention greatly increased the productivity of weavers and was a big influence on all sewing and weaving products made today.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    Invented by James Hargreaves, the spinning jenny dramatically increased the output of spinners. it also helped them to keep up with the weavers using the flying shuttle. The spinning jenny has been a big influence for spinning wheels of the past and present.
  • Water frame

    Water frame
    Invented by Richard Arkwright, the water frame was a machine that used the water power from rapid steams to drive spinning wheels.
  • Spinning mule

    Spinning mule
    Samueo Crompton invented this by combining the features of the spinning jenny and the water frame.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Invented by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin was used to remove seeds from raw cotton.
  • Capitalism

    Capitalism
    Capitalist ideas were the foundation of Laissez-faire capitalism. Capitalism is an economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit.
  • John McAdam

    John McAdam
    As a Scottish engineer, McAdam eqquipped roadbeds with a layer of largestones for drainage. On top he placed a carefully smoothed layer of chruched rock. Even in rainy weather heavy wagons could travel over the new "Macadam" raods without sinking in the mud.
  • Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism
    Introduced by Jeremy Bentham, he argued that the government should try to romote the greatest good for the greatest number of people. "a government policy was only useful if it promoted this goal."
  • Steam-driven locomotive

    Steam-driven locomotive
    The steam engine, invented by Richard Trevithick Built the steam engine in order to win a bet of several hundred dollars by hauling ten tons of iron over nearly ten miles of track by using a steam-driven locomotive. Eventually this invention led to many further transportation of goods and people! And eventually came to be today's trains.
  • Moses Brown

    Moses Brown
    Brown opened the first factory in the United States in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The Pawtucket factory mass-produced only one part of finished cloth, the thread.
  • Francis Cabot Lowell

    Francis Cabot Lowell
    Along with four other investors, Lowell revolutionized the American textile industry. They also mechanized every stage in the manufacturing of cloth.
  • Socialism

    Socialism
    French reformers used socialism to offset the effects of industrailzation. In socailism the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all.Socialism grew out of an optimistic view of human nature, a belief in progress, and a concern for social justice.
  • Aboltion of slavery

    Aboltion of slavery
    When Britain finally abolished slavery, antislavery activists had mixed motives. This caused a new class of industrailists to develope who supported cheap labor rather than slave labor. This group then soon gained power in parliment.
  • The factory act of 1833

    The factory act of 1833
    After parliment set up a committee to investigate child labor, their findings caused them to pass the facotry act of 1833; this new law made it illegal to hire children under the age of 9 years old.
  • Alexis de Tocqueville

    Alexis de Tocqueville
    Tocqueville was a French writer who vistited Manchester in 1835. He portrayed the best and the worst of the Industrial revolution. He wrote,"From this filthy sewer pure gold flows.". Which in a way was ture, the unplanned growth made living conditons like a sewer for the inhabitants, but gold flowed towards the mill owners and the middle class.
  • Elizabeth Gaskells

    Elizabeth Gaskells
    Gaskells book "Mary Barton" awas a work of fiction. it gave a realistic description of the dank cellar dwelling place of a family in a Manchester slum. It was a startlingly accurate portrayal of urban life at the time.
  • Communism

    Communism
    Described by Karl Marx as " a form of complete socialism in which means of production-- all land, mines, factories, railroads, andbusinesses-- would be owned by the people."
  • Women fight for change

    Women fight for change
    Women who had rallied for the abolition of slavery began to wonder why their own rights were determined by gender. WOmen activists around thw world joined to found the international council for women in 1888.
  • U.S.

    U.S.
    With the end of the civil war, enslavement persisted in the Americas only in: Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Brazil; Slavery was ended in 1873.