The first commercially successful steam engine was created by Thomas Newcomen. Newcomen's invention was a considerable one, and marked the way for the eventual full invention by James Watt. Without this invention, the steam engine may never have developed as it did.
Invention of the Mercury Thermometer
In 1724, Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the first ever Mercury Thermometer. The Mercury thermometer was vital to medical studies of it's day and is still used in todays society, however, modern day doctors most often use a 'celsius scale' when in practice.
The Industrial Revolution
Although an exact date can't be stated, it is heavily documented that 1750 marked the start of the Industrial Revolution. This period of time marked massive developments in many aspects of living, in particulalrly in farming and technology. This period of time shaped the world as we know it today.
Invention of the Spinning Jenny
1764 marks the invention of the spinning jenny by James Hargreaves. The Spinnning Jenny allowed people to spin wool and cotton quicker than ever and made a massive impact in the textile industry.
The Watt Steam Engine
James Watt invented his version of the steam enigne in 1769. Watt's steam engine was a far more advanced steam engine than Newcomen's and this was mainly due to it's outstanding reliability. This invention has been regarded by some as the most important invention of the Industrial Revolution.
Joseph Priestly invented the rubber in 1770. This invention eventually lead to pencil erasers by Hymen Lipman but was the first actual rubbing device to erase pencil.
Invention of the steamship
The steamship was invented by Jacques Perrier and turned out to be a very important invention. Steamships were very sturdy and their main advantage was that they could transport goods over long distances.
Invention of the Submarine
In 1776, the first submarine was invented by David Bushnell. The submarine gave scientists the ability to see underwater and research at the same time. This was a considerable invention for underwater discovery.
The Arrival of the First Fleet in Australia
11 ships full of convicts are sent to Australia and land in Botany Bay, New South Wales lead by Arthur Phillip. The trip was planned by Captain James Cook who had landed in and named New South Wales in 1770.
Invention of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney invents a machine that quickly seperates cotton fibers from their seeds. This was another machine that put people out of work and into factories, however, was extremely advantageous for citizens.
Updated laws on machine breaking
In 1812, laws were updated on machine breaking. New laws meant that the breaking of machines could see offenders put in jail and killed. Most of the offenders were people known as luddites, a term to describe people who were against new technologies.
The first 'Strike Anywhere' Match
The first match is invented by John Walker. This allows people to strike matches and have a source of light anywhere, anytime.
Invention of the Typewriter
In 1829, American inventor, W.A Burt invented the typewriter. This was amassive step towards our everyday computer and was ultimately the first of its kind.
New Laws for Child Labor
Children are not aloud to work at night and work during the day is limited to 12 hours.
Poor law ammendment act
The poor law ammendment act of 1834 saw the British government attempt to deal with the conditions of the revolution by supporting the poor people of the community.
Invention of the Steel plow
The first steel plow was invented in 1837 by John Deere. This made farming crops much easier and was an extremely advantageous invention.
Prussia & France introduced similar working laws
1839 and 1841 marked the time period that the German kingdom Prussia and France introduced similar working laws.
Major discovery regarding children and women
A Royal comission finding discovered that women and children were carrying up to 150 kilograms of coal on their backs each day at work.
The first patent of the camera
The camera was originally invented by Louis Daguerre however, was patented by Alexander Wolcott. Alex's camera was used in the first ever advertisment that had an actual 'real life' photograph in it.
The 1842 Mines Act
The 1842 Mines Act banned females and boys under the age of 10 from working underground, particularly in mines.
The First Notable Strike
In 1842, a general strike involving Cotton workers stopped work and production in the textile industry for a day and this was one of the first signs of workers standing up for themselves.
Invention of the telegraph
1844 marked the invention of the telegraph thanks to inventor, Samuel Morse. The telegraph allowed communication via words and codes (in writing). This invention was the pinnacle of communication until the 1870's when the telephone was invented.
The invention of the Sewing Machine
In 1846, Elias Howe invented the Sewing Machine. This invention was the base for and the foundations of a machine that is used over a hundred years later in todays society.
New working hour restrictions
Women who were working in factories were now restricted to a 10 hour day and could wokr no longer than this. Men's hours were laso said to have been affected.
Gold Discovered in Australia
Gold is discovered by Edward Hargraves at a site named Ophir near Bathurst, New South Wales. Not long after this event, Gold Rushes pop up all over the country, including a very important one in Ballarat, Victoria.
Working hour restrictions
New reforms introduced a maximum of a 56 hour working week - 10 hour days (Mon-Fri) 6 hours (Sat). This change in law meant that no individual could work more than 56 hours a week, no matter what there preference was.
Invention of the telephone
The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. The first telephone was an outsandingly advanced communication device and set the foundations for advanced improvements in the future.
World War 1
World War 1 was the first ever global war. The war was centered in Europe and ended with an estimated 20 million casualties
Australian Soldiers land in Gallipoli
In april of 1915, Australian soldiers were sent to Galllipoli to fight and aid the british soldiers. This event had a considerable impact on the configuration of the country. It was the first battle that Australia was sent to as a country.
World War 1 ends
The 11th of November 1918 marked the end of World War 1. The war ended in an allied victory with many key processes taking place. The end of the war also marked the end of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires and also resulted in the formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East.