Industrial Revolution

  • Bacteria

    Antonie van Leeuwenhoe. Is microscopic living organisms which are usually one-celled, that can be found everywhere.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen. Is and engine that uses rapid condensation of steam to generate power. Was used to remove water out of the coal mines. During the IR, it was used to power factories and take care of flooded mines
  • Flying Shuttle

    Flying Shuttle
    John Kay. A weaving tool allowing a weaver to weave wider cloth. Caused the on-hand weavers to be unemployed due to the mechanicalized tool to have no dependence on people.
  • Water Frame

    Water Frame
    Richard Arkwright. Is a water-powered spinning frame easy to create cotton thread. Impacted the IR by producing the strongest thread for yarn. First automatic, continuous, and powered textile machine.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    James Hargreaves. A machine for spinning more than one spindle at a time. Impacted the Industrial Revolution by making clothes faster and easier, by making several spools of yarn or thread at a time.
  • Spinning Mule

    Spinning Mule
    Samuel Crompton. Is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibers. Impacted the IR by making finer and even thread. Used features of the Spinning Jenny and the Water Frame
  • Power Loom

    Power Loom
    Edmond Cartwright. Is a mechanised loom powered by line shaft, used to weave cloth and tapestry. Impacted the IR by having people unemployed because the machine didn’t need people to work it, it was steam powered.
  • Steam Boat

    Steam Boat
    John Fitch. It is a boat propelled by a steam engine, with paddlewheels. Impacted the IR by trading a lot of goods, transportation, and other navigable ways.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney. Is used to pull cotton fibers out of the cotton seed. It encouraged the demand for cotton mills, which got the people working and building the cotton mills makes money for their family.
  • Vaccinations

    Vaccinations
    Edward Jenner. A medicine that helps you have immunity against a disease. The most known disease were smallpox which were a very deadly disease. The vaccinations helped a lot of people become well within these diseases.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    Eli Whitney. They are components that is for practical purposes, identical. They speeded up production, made repairs easy, and allowed the use of lower pay, less skilled workers.
  • Modern Physics

    Modern Physics
    By many scientists. People started moving to urban areas where everything was happening from their rural areas. Farmers would quit and start working in the city.
  • Steam Powered Carriage

    Steam Powered Carriage
    Richard Trevithick. Was a steam-powered road vehicle.
  • Atomic Theory

    Atomic Theory
    John Dalton. The theory of a structure of an atom.
  • Telegraph/Morse Code

    Telegraph/Morse Code
    Samuel Morse. Is a machine that is used for transmitting messages in the form of electrical impulses, which can be turned into data. It strengthen communication and it helped people communicate without having to write letters.
  • Sociology

    Sociology
    Auguste Comte. Science of society.
  • Cell Theory

    Cell Theory
    Rudolf Virchow. A cell that is the basic unit of a living thing and that all cells are made up of cells. Helped people understand a little bit of medicine and better advancements.
  • Steel

    Steel
    Henry Bessemer. It is inexpensive steel to burn off carbon and other impurities. Impacted the IR by making widespread advances possible in railroads, bridge-building, construction and ship building.
  • Evolution

    Evolution
    Charles Darwin. Basic theory of humans are descendants from apes. The church condemned it as heresy. The people didn’t want to be viewed that they were from apes.
  • Genetics

    Genetics
    Gregor Johann Mendel. The study of heredity, and multiple inheritance characteristics.
  • Telephone

    Telephone
    Alexander Graham. Is a systems that uses vibrations into electrical signals to transmit sound. Facilitated smooth communication for better conversations.
  • Phonograph

    Phonograph
    Thomas Edison. Is a record player. Used to communicate before the telephone was invented. Very popular form of communication. Amazed a lot of people because you can hear a dead person’s voice that was thought to be gone forever.
  • Lighbulb

    Lighbulb
    Thomas Edison. A glass bulb inserted into a lamp or on the ceiling, which provides electric current through a pocket of insert gas. Made people not use candles or oil lamps, Edison made the bulb whereas the bulb can lasts up to 1500 hours.
  • Psychoanalysis

    Psychoanalysis
    Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytic theory is the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development that guides psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology.
  • Oil-burning Combustion Engine

    Oil-burning Combustion Engine
    Rudolf Diesal. An engine that uses it kinetic energy by using combustion. Made cars move that impacted the Industrial Revolution by a lot.
  • X-rays

    X-rays
    Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. Is electromagnetic radiation that focuses of the structures of the body then creates images on the photographic film. Transformed the medical field greatly, was a new kind of technology that nobody seen before.
  • Wireless Telegraph

    Wireless Telegraph
    Guglielmo Marconi. The use of radio to send telegraphic messages. Made conversation and communication better.
  • Division of Labor

    Division of Labor
    Adam Smith. the assignment of different parts of a manufacturing process or task to different people in order to improve efficiency.
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    Henry Ford. Is an arrangement of tools, workers, and machines in which a product is assembled by having each perform a specific job in an incomplete unit as it passes by in a series of stages organized in a straight line. Led to lower costs, higher quality and more reliable products.
  • Airplane

    Airplane
    Orville and Wilbur Wright or the Wright Brothers. A powered air-like craft that has fixed wings that derives most of its lifts.
  • Theory of Reletivity

    Theory of Reletivity
    Albert Einstein. The state of being dependent for existence on or determined by nature by relation to something else.
  • Stimuli Affecting Behavior

    Stimuli Affecting Behavior
    John Watson. People learn from the environment because they are around it.