Forging the National Economy

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  • 2 American cities

    In, 1790 there had only been only 2 American cities that could boast popilations of more than 20,000 souls
  • Samuel slater

    Samuel slater
    a skilled british mechanic of 21, got a job at textile machines and after memorizing the plans for the machinery he escaped to america and was aided by Moses Brown and built 1st cotton thread spinner in the U.S. located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
  • North textile factories

    North textile factories
    new england was singulartily favored as an industrial center for many reasons. its poor soil, dense labor, access to sea, and fast rivers for water power
  • eli whitney

    eli whitney
    he built a crude machine called the cotton gin. many southerners called him king cotton.
  • lancaster turnpike

    lancaster turnpike
    it was a broad, hard surfaced highway that thrust 62 miles westward from philadelphia to lancaster. this is where the term turnpike came from. it also brought economic expansion westward
  • limited liability

    limited liability
    the principle of limited liability aided the consentration of capitol by permittign the individual investor, in cases of leal claims or bankruptcy, to risk no more than his own share of the corporations stock.
  • cumberland road

    cumberland road
    The federal government constructed the Cumberland Road AKA The National Road (Maryland - Illinois) with state and federal money
  • DeWitt Clinton’s Big Ditch and Erie Canal

    DeWitt Clinton’s Big Ditch and Erie Canal
    DeWitt Clinton’s Big Ditch was the Erie Canal between Lake Erie and the Hudson River. it shortened the expense and time of transportation. cities grew along the canal and the price of food was reduced. farmers were unable to compete in the rocky soils of the East, so they went to the West
  • savannah

    a pioneer steamer, the savannah, crept across the atlantic in 1819, but it used sail most of the time and was pursued for a day by a british captain who thought it afire.
  • sea otters

    sea otters
    sea otters pelt became fashionable and traders al l most wipe them out to near extintion.
  • Fur trapper

    Fur trapper
    Fur trappers setting traplines all over rocky moutain region.
    The empire was in St. Louis
  • kid slave workers

    kid slave workers
    in 1820 50% of the industrial labor force were children. many children were mentally blighted, emotionally starved, and physically stunted, and sometimes whipped im speacial rooms.
  • sewers

    Boston in 1823 pioneered a sewer system
  • 1st railroad

    1st railroad
    The 1st railroad in U.S. was introduced in 1828; by 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad tracks had been laid in the U.S. 3/4 of those tracks were up North. railroads also caused fires to houses from their embers
  • national mystique

    a time when in which people were inspired by literature and paintings and eventually kindling a powerful conservation movement
  • adult working slaves

    adult working slaves working condition improved in the 1820s & 30s with the mass vote given to workers. 10 hour day, higher wages, tolerable conditions, public education, a ban of imprisonment for debt
  • cyrus mccormick

    cyrus mccormick
    invented the mechanical mower-reaper to harvest grain
  • george catlin

    george catlin
    a painter and student of native american life and preserved nature. in 1832 he observed sioux indians in south dakota slaughtering buffalo
  • opposing railroads

    opposing railroads
    2.The railroads were 1st opposed because financiers were afraid of losing money from Erie Canal traffic; railroads also caused fires to houses from their embers. also early trains were poorly constructed (with bad brakes) and the gauge of tracks varied
  • trans-Allegheny region

    trans-Allegheny region
    the trans-Allegheny region (Ohio-Indiana-Illinois) became the nation’s breadbasket. they planted corn and raised hogs (Cincinnati was known as “the porkopolis” of the west”
  • Robert Fulton

    Robert Fulton
    invented the first steamboat, the Clermont in 1807; steamboats were common by the 1830s, this caused an increase of U.S. trade because there was no concern for weather and water current. this contributed to the development of Southern and Western economies
  • store bought

    store bought
    as store bought fabric, acndles, and soap replaced homemade products, a quiet revolution occured in the household division of labor and status.
  • america industrial revolution

    america industrial revolution
    the revolution came from euorpe and moved west to america one reason it was successful here was cause land was cheap, immigrants were pouring in,
  • john deere

    john deere
    in 1837 john deere produced the steel plow that broke the stubborn soil. sharp and effective it was also light enough for horses can pull it instead of oxen
  • Demographic center

    Demographic center
    By, 1840 the demographic center moved past the
  • germanic life

    germanic life
    foe of slavery and public corruption. they posseded a modest amout of goods. and owned modest farms.
  • germans in american life

    germans in american life
    when immigrated to america the brought the conestoga wagon, kentucky rifle, christmas tree
  • Abandoned

    New York in 1842 abandoned wells and cisterns for a pipe-in water supply.
  • market revolution

    market revolution
    transformed a subsistence economy of scattere farms and tiny workshops into a national network of industry and commerece.
  • Samuel Morse

    Samuel Morse
    invented telegraph. was among the inventions that thightend the sinews of an increasingly complex buisness world.
  • unique american immigrants

    immigrants were undeniably making america a more pluralistic society one of the most ethnically and racially varied country in the history of the world
  • Ralph emerson

    Ralph emerson
    'Europe sretches to the Alleghenies; America lies beyond
  • van buren establishment

    van buren establishment
    in the 1840s, President Van Buren established 10 hour day for federal employees. many went on strike, but lost because employers simply imported more workers the immigrants.
  • potato crop

    A terrible rot attacked the potato crop in Ireland. 1 fourths died of starvaton almost 2 million perished.
  • germans step into America

    between 1830 and 1860 over a million and a half germans stepped onto America soil
  • Elias Howe & Issac Singer

    Elias Howe & Issac Singer
    made the sewing machine (the foundation of clothing industry). made the machine accessible for home use
  • buffalo ny

    buffalo ny
    by the 1840s the city of buffalo handled more produce than new orleans. between 1836 and 1860, grain ahipments through buffalo increased a staggering sixtyfold.
  • factory girls

    factory girls
    typically toiled 6 days a week, earning a pittance for drearey, limb-numbing, earspliting stints of 12 or 13 hours.
  • john jacob astor

    john jacob astor
    a furtrader and real estae speculator, john jacob astor, he left an estate of 30 million on his death in 1848.
  • know-nothing party

    know-nothing party
    aka the star spangled banner party they wanted rigid ristrictions on immigration or jus go away with it and supported laws authorizing the deportation of alien paupers.
  • prejudices of american 'nativists'

    prejudices of american 'nativists'
    they feared that immigrants would outbreed, outvote, and overwhelmed the old 'native' stock
  • roman catholic

    roman catholic
    R catolics were seeking protection from protestants so they created they're own school which began in 1840's seperating themselves from the poorer immigrant community.
    in 1840 they had ranked 5th behind baptists,preby, and congregationalists, by 1850 1.8 mill joined
  • clipper ships

    clipper ships
    yankee naval yards, notably donald mckays at boston, began to send down the ways sleek new craft call the clipper ship. long narrow, and majestic, they glided across the sea under towering masts and clouds of canvas. on a fair breeze could outrun a steamer
  • immigrants from europe

    immigrants from europe
    the immigrants came mostly because europe seemed to be running out of room.
  • cult of domesticity

    cult of domesticity
    a widespread cultural creed that glorified the customary functions of the homemaker. from their pedistal, married women commanded immense moral power, and they increasingly made decisions that altered the character of the family itself.
  • london world fair

    london world fair
    It was called the Great Exhibition. It featured inventions such as McCormick's reaper, Colt's firearms, and Goodyear's vulcanized rubber goods. It was held at the Crystal Palace.
  • Molly Maguires

    a spawn of shadowy irish miners that rocked the pennsylvania coal districts in the 1860's and 1870's
  • the principle of division of labor

    the principle of division of labor
    Principle of divided labor emerged with each region specializing in its own economic activity. the South — cotton to New England; West — grain & livestock for the East & Europe; East — machines, textiles for South and West
  • cyrus field

    cyrus field
    in 1858 cyrus field called 'the greatest wire-puller in history' organized a joint anglo-american-canadian venture to stretch a cable under the deep atlantic from new foundland to ireland . although the initial cable went dead after 3 weeks. a heavier cable in 1866 linked american and eruo continents.
  • drifters

    drifters were people looking for menial jobs going from town to town. these wandering workers accounted at various times for up to half of the population of the brawling industrial centers.
  • city names

    new york was the metroplolis of the us. new orleans nicknamed 'queen of the south' and chicago 'the waggering lord of the midwest, destined to be 'hot buther for the world'
  • pony express

    pony express
    established in 1860 to carry mail speedily the 2 thousand miles from st. joseph, missouri to sacramento. The Pony Express was short-lived though, lasting but 2 years, and was replaced by the telegraph wire.
  • population in original 13 states

    The original 13 states had more than doubled in number
  • Ancient order of hibernians

    Ancient order of hibernians
    a semisecret society founded in ireland to fight rapacious landlords, served in america as a benevolent society aiding the downtodeended