First fleet 372x255

Sam Leeder 9TJ Colonisation and Settlement of Australia

  • Jan 1, 1356

    Establishment of European factories

    Establishment of European factories
    Factories were established from 1356 onwards in the main trading centres, usually ports or central hubs that have prospered under the influence of the Hanseatic League and its guilds and kontors. The Hanseatic cities had their own law system and furnished their own protection and mutual aid.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Discovery of the Americas

    Discovery of the Americas
    Christopher Columbus sets out of his first voyage to discover the 'New World’
  • Establishment of Jamestown

    Establishment of Jamestown
    The first British settlement in America was established.
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    British involvement in America

    The British settlement and development of America that ended in war.
  • Arrival of first slaves in the United Sates

    Arrival of first slaves in the United Sates
    The first 19 of over 600,000 slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia
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    Slavery in the United Sates

    The use and ownership of slaves was legal
  • Invention of the Seed Drill

    Invention of the Seed Drill
    A seed drill is a sowing device that precisely positions seeds in the soil and then covers them. Before the introduction of the seed drill, the common practice was to plant seeds by hand. Jethro Tull is widely thought of as having invented the seed drill.
  • The invention of the Steam Engine

    The invention of the Steam Engine
    The first commercially successful true engine, in that it could generate power and transmit it to a machine, was the atmospheric engine, invented by Thomas Newcomen.
  • Flying Shuttle

    Flying Shuttle
    The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving. It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms. It was patented by John Kay.
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    British Agricultural Revolution

    The British Agricultural Revolution was the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in England due to increases in labour and land productivity that took place between 1750 and 1850. Because the agricultural revolution freed up labour, providing an escape from the Malthusian trap, it is often cited as one of the causes of the Industrial Revolution.
  • ‘Discovery’ of Australia by James Cook

    ‘Discovery’ of Australia by James Cook
    Captain first arrived at Botany Bay becoming the first European to set foot on the Australian east coast.
  • Invention of the Spinning jenny

    Invention of the Spinning jenny
    The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Lancashire in England. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once. This grew to 120 as technology advanced.
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    American revolutionary war

    A war fought for control of 13 colonies. The war was fought between the Kingdom of Great Britain and newly formed United States, France, Netherlands, Spain, Mysore and German Mercenaries. In the end the British lost.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. Instead they formed a union that would become a new nation—the United States of America
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    Industrial Revolution

    A time of revolutionary change in the world of manufacture and industry. A huge number of inventions and innervations combined to insure that the world would never be the same again.
  • Power loom

    Power loom
    A power loom is a mechanised loom powered by a line shaft. The first power loom was designed in Edmund Cartwright.
  • Departure of first fleet

    Departure of first fleet
    The first fleet set sail from Portsmouth, England. Across the 11 ships there were a total of 1,420 people on board and 789 convicts
  • Arrival of the first fleet

    Arrival of the first fleet
    The first of the ships of the first fleet arrive in Botany Bay only to discover it does not live up to the images portrayed by Captain Cook.
  • Establishment of settlement at Sydney

    Establishment of settlement at Sydney
    A few days after the arrival at Botany Bay a settlement was established at the more suitable Sydney cove.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibres from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation. The first modern mechanical cotton gin was created by American inventor Eli Whitney.
  • Interchangeable parts

    Interchangeable parts
    In the US, Eli Whitney saw the potential benefit of developing "interchangeable parts" for the firearms of the United States military. He built ten guns; all containing the same exact parts and mechanisms, then disassembled them before the United States Congress. He placed the parts in a mixed pile and, with help, reassembled all of the weapons right in front of Congress.
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    Luddites Revolution

    The Luddites were a group of textile manufacturers who sabotaged textiles factories as they were being put out of work because of the machines brought in during the industrial revolution.
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    Great Famine

    The Great Famine was a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration between 1845 and 1852. It is sometimes referred to, mostly outside Ireland, as the Irish Potato Famine because one-third of the population was then solely reliant on this cheap crop for a number of historical reasons. During the famine approximately 1 million people died and a million more emigrated from Ireland, causing the island's population to fall by between 20% and 25%.The proximate cause of famine was a potato diseas
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    American civil war

    The war between the Northern union and the Southern confederate over slavery
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln as a war measure during the American Civil War. It proclaimed the freedom of slaves thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at the time.
  • Thirteenth amendment of the constitution of the United States Of America

    Thirteenth amendment of the constitution of the United States Of America
    The U.S constitution was changed to make all slavery illegal.
  • Federation of Australia

    Federation of Australia
    The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia formed one nation. They kept the systems of government that they had developed as separate colonies, but they also agreed to have a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole nation. When the Constitution of Australia came into force, on 1 Janu