Industrial Revolution (14575)

By 14575
  • Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull
    Jethro Tull created the seed drill, which solved the problem of seeds not being able to root and grow well. The seed drill allowed seends to be placed in evenly spaced rows at specific depths, increasing crop yield and a larger share of the seeds germinated.
  • Flying Shuttle

    Flying Shuttle
    John Kay created the flying shuttle which sped accross back and forth on wheels. This flying shuttle, a boat shaped piece of wood attached, doubled the work a weaver could do in a day.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    James Hargreaves invented a spinning wheel he named after his daughter, Jenny. The spinning Jenny allowed one spinner to work eight threads at one time.
  • Water Frame

    Water Frame
    This machine used water power from rapids and streams to drive the spinning wheels.
  • Adam Smith

    Adam Smith
    Adam Smith defended the idea of a free economy, or free markets, in his 1776 book "The wealth of nations". according to smiths, economic liberty garunteed economic progress. Smith claimed the government need not interfere with the the economy.
  • Capitalism

    Capitalism
    Capitalism is an economic system in which money is invested in a business ventures with the goal on making a profit. These ideas helped bring about the Idustrial Revolution. In Adam Smiths book "The Wealth of Nations", Smith argued that if idividuals freely followed their own self-interest, the world we be and ordly and progressive place. Smith also claimed that Government need not interfere with the economy
  • Spinning Mule

    Spinning Mule
    Samuel Crompton combined features of the spinning jenny and the water frame to produce this spinning mule. the spinning mule made stronger, finer, and more consistent than earlier than earlier spinning machines.
  • Power Loom

    Power Loom
    Edmund Cartwrights power loom sped up weaving after its invention in 1787.
  • Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism
    Jeremy Bentham modified the ideas of Adam Smith to create Utilitarianism. he argued that people should judge ideas, institutions and actions based on their utility for the greater good for the greatest number of people. The government was only productive if it reached this goal.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Eli whitney created the cotton gin, which removed the seeds from cotton alot faster, multiplying the amount of cotton that could be cleaned.
  • Thomas Malthus

    Thomas Malthus
    He also believed in Adam Smiths ideas, thomas malthus wrote "The essay on the principal of population" where he argued that population tended to increase more rapidly than the food supply. Without wars and eppidemic to kill off the extra people. most where destined to be poor.
  • David Ricardo

    David Ricardo
    david ricardo supported Smiths ideas, their importnant ideas were the foundation of laissez-faire capitalism.
  • William Wilberforce

    William Wilberforce
    William, who was a very religious man, was a member of Parliment who led the the fight for abolition- the end of the slave trade and slavery in the british empire. Parliment passed a bill to end the slave trade in the British West Indies in 1807.
  • Slavery

    Slavery
    William Wilberforce faught for the end of slavery. William was apart of Pariliment when they passed a bill to end slave trde in the British West Indies.
  • Factory Act of 1833

    Factory Act of 1833
    This new law made it illegal to hire children under the age of 9 years old. Children from the ages 9-12 could not work more than 8 hours a day. Young people from 13-17 could not work more than 12 hours.
  • Karl Marx

    Karl Marx
    Karl Marx studied philosophy at the University of Berlin before he turned to journalism and economics. in 1849, Marx joined the flood of radicals who fled continental Europe for England. He had declared in 'The communist manifesto' "That working men have no country"
  • Socialism

    Socialism
    In Socialism the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all. Socialists argue that the government should activly plan the economy rather than depending on the Free market system. Charles Fourier and Saint Simon and others sought to offset the effects of industrialization with a this new economic system.
  • Women fight for change

    Women fight for change
    because women faught for the ablolition of slavery, and for back rights. they wondered why their own rights should be ignoredjust based on race. Women then began fighting for their own rights as early as 1848 in the United States.
  • Communism

    Communism
    KArl Marx described Communism as a form of complete socialism in which the means of production- all lands, mines, factories, railroads, and bisuness- would be owned by the people, private property would cease to exist. All goods and services are to be shared equally.
  • Slavery in America

    Slavery in America
    Slavery divided america, Creating tension between the two sides. It created a U.S Civil War. The North won the Civil War and abolished slavery in 1865.