The first spinning machine was patented in England, invented by Lewis Paul and John Wyatt of Birmingham. The machine was for drawing cotton to even more thickness, using a flyer-and-bobbin system.
Living During the Industrial Revolution
First Textile Mills
The first textile mills were built in England, and it was invented by Richard Arkwright. They were used to produce woven fabric. Mostly women and even childeren worked at the mills, it was a dangerous job, and they only got paid pennys a day.
First Steam-powered Carriage
The first steam-powered carriage was inveted by Nicolas Joseph Cugnot. It was used by the French Army. The car went at about 2 mph. The car would have to stop every once in a while to build more steam. Cugnot was the first car accident, he ran into a stone wall once.
Perfecting the Steam Engine
James Watt perfected the steam engine in 1775. It was an engine that converted steam to mechanical energy. The separate condenser was what he thought of. It was a cylinder that had a vessel for the condensed steam. The vessel was cool while the cylinder was hot at the same time.
Spinning Mule is Perfected
The spinning mule was perfected by Samuel Crompton. The spinning mule is used to make different types of yarn, and could spin fine yarns too. The machine was a combination of the Jenny and the Water Frame. Invented in England.
Threshing Machine is Invented
The Threshing Machine was invented by Andrew Meikle. It removed grain from the grain stalks. Thomas Jefferson had a farm and wanted one of these machines, so he ordered of Meikle's machines from London. But an American named Alexander Anderson built a model just like it. In 1782.
Steamboat is launched
James Watt improved the steam engine, but John Fitch was the first to have a steamboat float and move across the Delaware River. Fitch then later made a steamboat that carried passengers from Philidalphia to New Jersey. The power for the boat to moved was used from water made into steam.
George Washington as President
George Washington was President of The United States from 1789-1797. He was one of our Founding Fathers. He was also the head of the convention for the Constitution. Washington established many things that we use today such as the cabinet system.
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. The cotton gin was used for taking the seeds out of the cotton fibers. It was a lot faster than doing it by hand. He invented it in The United States and it was the first orginal (not copied from England) invention for the U.S. in this Industrial Revolution.
Vaccination for Smallpox
Edward Jenner created the first vaccine for smallpox. He made it in England. He notice that the milkmaids were getting cowpox. But not the smallpox, so he inflicted the cowpox on James Phipps. After James got over the sickness in about a week, he inflicted James with the smallpox but nothing happened to him. So, Jenner then made a vaccination that had cowpox to avoid getting the smallpox.
The first photograph was taken in 1827, by Joseph Nicephore Niépce. Niépce could not draw and he was fasinated with printing things like a drawing (photo). He wanted to find a way to keep images. He made a camera out of pewter plates. When he took the picture the exposure lasted eight hours. (The picture he took is the picture for this event.)
First Electrical Clock
Carl August Steinheil invented the Electrical Clock in 1839. It was invented in Germany. The clock was almost like a grandfather clock. The pendulum moved across a rocking contact. Then it would send electric pulses to the secondary clock (the one with the min. hand and hour hand). That pulse would then move the hands on the clock.
Invention of the Telegraph
"What has God wrought?" was the first electrical message sent on the telegraph on May 24, 1844. The telegraph was invented by by Samuel F.B Morse. He invented it in The United States. Each wire represented a letter in the alphabet. At the receiveing side there were bits of paper for each letter and they would press on a big peice of paper to then decode the message.
Electric Arc Lighting
Electric Arc Lighting is used in a Paris Opera in 1846. Sir Humphrey Davy invented the electric carbon arc lamp in 1801 in England. But the Arc lighting was used for the first time in Paris. Arc lighting is when you connect two rods to an electric source and evenly spread out the other ends and an electric current flows through with intense bright white light flowing through.
Battery that stores Energy
Gaston Plante was a French inventor and invented the first practical battery for storing electricity in 1859. This type of battery is used in most cars because it's rechargable.
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876 in the U.S. He first invented the microphone, then later invented the telephone. The first telephone exchange was in New Haven, Connecticut. Then in 1884 they made a long distance call from Boston, Massachusetts to New York City.
Henery Ford built the first automobile in 1893. He namd it the Ford Quadricycle. It was a self-propelled vehicle, and he test drove it a few times then found out things he could improve on and built on them in the future. Now the car company, Ford, is named after Henery.
Now over 3600 electric utilities exist in the U.S. Including: the telephone, camera, clock, motors, telegraph, engines, etc.
The Wright Brothers flew the first motor-driven airplane. They used the same knowled from the 1902 glider they created to build the flying plane. On December 17, 1903 they finally flew the plane 20 feet above the ground, and it lasted 12 seconds.
Now in the U.S. free and compulsory public education is in every state and avialible to everyone. They have reading and writting for everybody. Except for slaves.