The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

  • First Zionist Immigration to Palestine

    First Zionist Immigration to Palestine
    The first group of Zionists immigrated to Palestine in 1882. Zionists were advocates for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Arabs living in Palestine began to feel threatened by the Zionist immigration into the county because they were fearful of losing their land.
  • United Nations Vote to Partition Palestine

    United Nations Vote to Partition Palestine
    The British Government who controlled Palestine withdrew from the country, turning the argument between the Zionists and the Palestinians over to the United Nation (UN). The UN proposed splitting the land into different Jewish and Palestinian states. The Jewish representatives on the committee were in favor of the idea, while the Palestinian representatives were opposed. On November 29th, 1947, 33 countries in the UN voted, and it was concluded that Palestine would be partitioned.
  • Independence of Israel (continued)

    people of Palestine. A war for the land once known as Palestine continued for most of the 1984. When the tensions died down at the end of the year, Israel occupied three quarters of Palestine. The remainder of Palestine, the West Bank, on the western edge of the country was given to Jordan, and the Gaza strip in the south eastern part of the country was occupied by Egypt. Thousands of Palestinians became refugees in their own country and were forced to move into camps in Lebanon and Egypt.
  • The Independence of Israel

    The Independence of Israel
    The UN divided Palestine to make an independent state of Israel in addition to the state of Palestine. The new state of Israel was the first Jewish state in two thousand years. Within hours of the declaration of the new state, Arabs from Palestine invaded the new state of Israel. A war broke out in which Palestine was supported by five countries in the Arab League; Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq. All of these countries believed that the partition of Palestine was unfair to the
  • Establishment of the PLO

    Establishment of the PLO
    The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was established to give more freedom and rights to Palestinians living in refugee camps in Jordan and Lebanon. Many Israelites were against this establishment because it was believe by many that the PLO was a terrorist organization designed to destroy the state of Israel and the Israeli Jews. The leader of the PLO at this time was Yasser Arafat.
  • The Six Day War

    The Six Day War
    Over the course of six days, Israel invaded an took control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, where many Palestinians lived. Most of the Palestinians living in the West Bank or Gaza Strip fled to other Middle Eastern countries. However, some Palestinians stayed in the areas controlled by Israel.
  • Munich Massacre (continued)

    be released from a Israeli prison, and two Palestinians be released from a German prison by nine o'clock that morning. The Israeli government managed to push back the negotiation deadline until five o'clock p.m. At five o'clock, the demands from the Palestinians were not met and the nine hostages from Israel were killed by the Palestinian terrorists.
  • Munich Massacre

    Munich Massacre
    Video: Munich MassacreThe Munich Massacre was a serious violent crime comitted by a group of eight Palestinians within a branch of the PLO called Black September. The PLO attacked against Israel at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972. On September 5th at 4:30 am, the group of Palestinians invaded the Israeli athletes dorm, killing two instantly and holding nine others hostage. The Palestinians demanded that 234 Palestinian prisoners
  • Oslo Peace Treaty

    Oslo Peace Treaty
    Israel and the PLO flew to Oslo, Norway to determine the terms of a treaty. The treaty declared that Israel would no longer occupy Gaza and the West Bank. This treaty was finalized on the White House lawn where the two leaders signified peace with a handshake that was watched by 400 million people nation wide.
  • Reoccupation of the West Bank (continued)

    Israel announced that their intentions behind the attack were to diffuse the terrorism infrastructure in Palestine; however, attacks from Palestine continued after the reoccupation of their land.
  • Reoccupation of the West Bank

    Reoccupation of the West Bank
    On the eve of Passover, the Palestinian military conducted a series of attacks on Israel including a deadly hotel bombing. Israel reacted to the attack by encompassing the PLO leader Yasser Arafat for five weeks in Ramallah, a city within the West Bank. During this time, Israel invaded the West Bank and reoccupied nearly all of the land that had been given to Palestine in the 1993 peace treaty.
  • Yasser Arafat Dies

    Yasser Arafat Dies
    Video: Nelson Mandela comments on death of Yasser ArafatPLO leader Yasser Arafat dies. At age 75, Yasser Arafat died of an unknow blood disease. Not only was he the leader of the PLO, but Arafat was also President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and leader of the Fatah political party. In addition, Arafat won the Noble Peace Prize in 1994 along with Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East" (N.A., 2012).
  • Yasser Arafat Dies (Continued)

    Many grieved the death of Arafat because he had been an honored leader among the Palestinians for many years, but to many Israelis, Arafat was seen as a terrorist.
  • Mahmoud Abbas Becomes Leader of the PLO

    Mahmoud Abbas Becomes Leader of the PLO
    A year after Yasser Arafat died, Mahmoud Abbas was elected the new leader of the PLO. At this time Israel evacuated settlers and romoved their forces from the Gaza Strip. This action created the opportunity for peace as well as ended almost forty years of military occupation in the Gaza Strip.
  • Religious Power Discussion (Continued)

    The worry is that the recent introduction of Islam because of the violent situation could either join or split up the Palestinians and Israelis.
  • Religious Power Discussion

    Religious Power Discussion
    Palestinian and Israeli officials came together in Amman, Jordan. This was their first meeting in more than a year, and although little came out of the get-together in terms of any signs of truce, the meeting mainly discussed the turning point facing Palestine as Islam is introduced. The fact that Islam may become a powerful and altering force in the area is troublesome to Palestine.