The Industrial Revolution

  • Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism is a idea that advocates for actions that bring happiness to people and does not encourage actions that bring unhappiness to people. This idea is to foster happiness and preserve it. This aims to maximize the happiness and well-being of the people living under this idea or way of life. This idea creates a world where every individuals happiness counts equally, if one person is unhappy then people will care and try to make them happy.
  • Richard Arkwright

    Richard Arkwright
    Richard Arkwright was a English inventor and leading entrepreneur during the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. This man invented the Water frame also known as the Spinning Frame. This invention used water power to power a engine that would convert raw cotton into 'cotton lap'. This would increase the production amount and speed for converting raw cotton into usable cotton. This invention would be used in factories to boost the amount of usable cotton that would be produced.
  • Socialism

    Socialism is a political and economic theory that aims to have means of production, distribution, and exchange regulated by a community as a whole. Under socialism people would equally own the factors that are used to create products. Everyone has equal ownership of resources. Socialism is a very social-heavy idea, there is no private ownership of resources, everything is forcefully shared between you and the rest of the community.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    The Cotton Gin increased cotton production in the United States. More cotton was usable and the production speed was increased. Workers could work at a faster paste and get more work done in a shorter amount of time. This made the cotton industry more profitable, the demand for cotton in the Untied States increased the worth of cotton.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    Interchangeable Parts were used to assemble muskets, this allowed unskilled or unexperienced workers to produce a large amount of weapons quickly and at a lower cost. Interchangeable parts make repairing and replacing parts much easier and cheaper. Parts were now made to be the same size and shape, weapons were no longer one of kind and this made making and repairing them much easier and cheaper.
  • Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin
    Charles Darwin was a English Naturalist, geologist, and biologist. This is the man who created the popular phrase, "Survival of the fittest". He used this phrase to describe animals and their abilities to adapt to their environment, the better a species could adapt means the more fit they are for that environment. Charles Darwin helped to further the biological studies of his time.
  • Alfred Nobel

    Alfred Nobel
    Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, businessman, and philanthropist. This man created dynamite, an explosive that would have a large range of uses. This explosive device could be used in construction and mining to make large holes quicker than having people manually dig them. Alfred Nobel is also the creator of the Nobel prize, a popular prize still given today to the worlds most accomplished people. For the Industrial Revolution, Alfred's dynamite would speed up slow jobs.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison is the creator of the lightbulb. The light bulb is still used today, although the design has been improved upon. The lightbulb allowed people to work for longer periods of time, we could now get work done at night. Edison allowed factories to operate for longer amounts of time.
  • Communism

    This idea would have all property be owned publicly and each person is paid according to their abilities and needs. For the industrial revolution this would mean that people cannot privately own anything. On top of that workers would be paid unequally based on their performance, this could make life very difficult for some people. Communism is similar to socialism, however under communism the state would have power rather than the communities of people.
  • Germ Theory

    Germ Theory
    The Germ Theory was the wide spread realization that germs are a product of our environment. People started to clean their water supplies, clean themselves, their belongings, and people started to notice that air pollution was becoming a problem in some places. The germ theory helped to encourage people to clean their environments and keep them clean. The germ theory also lead to the rapid increase of medicine, more medicine was being researched and created to help keep people safe and healthy.
  • Social Democracy

    Social Democracy
    Social democracy is a socialist system of government achieved by democratic means. A social democracy has similar values to socialism but has a capitalist framework. The workers of the Industrial Revolution fought to try to create a government where they could move away from capitalism using democratic means to achieve socialism.
  • Social Darwinism.

    Social Darwinism.
    Social Darwinism is the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. This was used largely as a way to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform. For workers that were not white males during the industrial revolution, this could make getting or working a job fell difficult. This ideology was just a excuse for biased opinions to carry weight in society.
  • Guglielmo Marconi

    Guglielmo Marconi
    Guglielmo Marconi is a inventor and engineer. He developed, demonstrated, and marketed the first successful long-distance wireless telegraph. This allowed for long-distance communication which in turn created a quicker communication method. Information could spread across the world a lot quicker through the wireless telegraph than using people on horseback.
  • Automobile

    The automobile made transportation much easier for everyone. People could travel faster. This invention modernized transportation in the world. Even today automobiles are used as a convenient method of transportation. Being able to move around more quickly gave people more freedom and access to jobs and services. People could get a job that they wanted to at least have more variety when deciding a profession to go into.
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    The Assembly Line was created to promote mass production for automobiles. This way more people could work more quickly and efficiently. This increased the production speed for automobiles, the time to create one automobile was more than 12 hours but the assembly line dropped that time to 33 minutes per automobile.