The Emergence of Human Communities {2500 B.C.E. - 250 B.C.E.}

  • 2500 BCE

    2500 B.C.E.

  • 2350 BCE

    Akkadian (Semitic)

    Akkadian (Semitic)
    [Mesopotamian]
  • Period: 2350 BCE to 2230 BCE

    Akkadian (Semitic)

    [Mesopotamian]
  • 2134 BCE

    Old Kingdom Ends

    Old Kingdom Ends
    [African (Egypt)]
  • 2112 BCE

    Third Dynasty of Ur (Sumerian)

    Third Dynasty of Ur (Sumerian)
    [Mesopotamian]
  • Period: 2112 BCE to 2004 BCE

    Third Dynasty of Ur (Sumerian)

    [Mesopotamian]
  • 2040 BCE

    Middle Kingdom reigns in Egypt

    Middle Kingdom reigns in Egypt
    [Africa]
  • Period: 2040 BCE to 1640 BCE

    Middle Kingdom reigns in Egypt

    [Africa]
  • 2000 BCE

    Horses in use spreads all over western Asia

    Horses in use spreads all over western Asia
    [Asia]
  • 2000 BCE

    2000 B.C.E.

  • 2000 BCE

    Rise of Minoan civilization on Crete; early Greeks arrive in Greece

    Rise of Minoan civilization on Crete; early Greeks arrive in Greece
    [Mediterranean]
  • 1900 BCE

    Old Babylonian (Semitic)

    Old  Babylonian (Semitic)
    [Mesopotamian]
  • Period: 1900 BCE to 1600 BCE

    Old Babylonian (Semitic)

    [Mesopotamian]
  • 1800 BCE

    Abraham migrated to Canaan

    Abraham migrated to Canaan
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 1750 BCE

    Shang dynasty

    Shang dynasty
    [Asian (China)]
  • Period: 1750 BCE to 1045 BCE

    Shang dynasty

    [Asian (China)]
  • 1700 BCE

    Hittites dominant in Anatolia

    Hittites dominant in Anatolia
    [Mediterranean]
  • Period: 1700 BCE to 1200 BCE

    Hittites dominant in Anatolia

    [Mediterranean]
  • 1640 BCE

    Hyksos dominate northern Egypt

    Hyksos dominate northern Egypt
    [African]
  • Period: 1640 BCE to 1532 BCE

    Hyksos dominate northern Egypt

    [African]
  • 1600 BCE

    Rise of Mycenaean civilization in Greece

    Rise of Mycenaean civilization in Greece
    [Mediterranean]
  • 1532 BCE

    Beginning of New Kingdom

    Beginning of New Kingdom
    [African]
  • 1500 BCE

    Hittites develop iron metallurgy

    Hittites develop iron metallurgy
    [Mesopotamia]
  • 1500 BCE

    1500 B.C.E.

  • 1450 BCE

    Destruction of Minoan palaces in Crete

    Destruction of Minoan palaces in Crete
    [Mediterranean]
  • 1250 BCE

    Israelite occupation of Canaan [Middle Eastern]

    Israelite occupation of Canaan [Middle Eastern]
    [Middle Eastern]
  • Period: 1250 BCE to 1200 BCE

    Israelite occupation of Canaan

    [Middle Eastern]
  • 1200 BCE

    Destruction of Hittite kingdom

    Destruction of Hittite kingdom
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 1200 BCE

    Destruction of Mycenaean centers in Greece

    Destruction of Mycenaean centers in Greece
    [Mediterranean]
  • Period: 1200 BCE to 1150 BCE

    Destruction of Mycenaean centers in Greece

    [Mediterranean]
  • 1150 BCE

    Philistines settle southern coast of Israel

    Philistines settle southern coast of Israel
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 1000 BCE

    1000 B.C.E.

  • 1000 BCE

    Initial development of pastoral nomadism

    Initial development of pastoral nomadism
    [Asian]
  • 1000 BCE

    Iron metallurgy reaches the Mediterranean

    Iron metallurgy reaches the Mediterranean
    [Mediterranean]
  • 1000 BCE

    Origin of Celtic culture in Central Europe

    Origin of Celtic culture in Central Europe
    [Europe]
  • 1000 BCE

    Jerusalem made Israelite capital

    Jerusalem made Israelite capital
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 969 BCE

    Hiram of Tyre comes to power

    Hiram of Tyre comes to power
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 960 BCE

    Solomon builds First Temple

     Solomon builds First Temple
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 920 BCE

    Division into two kingdoms of Israel and Judah

    Division into two kingdoms of Israel and Judah
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 911 BCE

    Rise of Neo-Assyrian Empire

    Rise of Neo-Assyrian Empire
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 814 BCE

    Foundation of Carthage

    Foundation of Carthage
    [Mediterranean]
  • 750 BCE

    Kings of Kush control Egypt

    Kings of Kush control Egypt
    [African]
  • 721 BCE

    Assyrian conquest of northern kingdom

    Assyrian conquest of northern kingdom
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 712 BCE

    Nubian kings rule Egypt

    Nubian kings rule Egypt
    [African]
  • Period: 712 BCE to 660 BCE

    Nubian kings rule Egypt

    [African]
  • 701 BCE

    Assyrian humiliation of Tyre

    Assyrian humiliation of Tyre
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 701 BCE

    Assyrian humiliation of Tyre

    Assyrian humiliation of Tyre
    [Mesopotamian and Middle Eastern]
  • 700 BCE

    Scythians drive out Cimmerians and settle area north of Black Sea

    Scythians drive out Cimmerians and settle area north of Black Sea
    [Asian]
  • 671 BCE

    Assyrian conquest of Egypt

    Assyrian conquest of Egypt
    [Mesopotamian and African]
  • 626 BCE

    Neo- Babylonian kingdom

    Neo- Babylonian kingdom
    [Mesopotamian]
  • Period: 626 BCE to 539 BCE

    Neo- Babylonian kingdom

    [Mesopotamian]
  • 612 BCE

    Fall of Assyria

    Fall of Assyria
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 600 BCE

    Iron metallurgy in China

    Iron metallurgy in China
    [Asian]
  • 587 BCE

    Capture of Jerusalem

    Capture of Jerusalem
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 551 BCE

    Life of Confucius

    Life of Confucius
    [Asian (China)]
  • Period: 551 BCE to 479 BCE

    Life of Confucius

    [Asian (China)]
  • 550 BCE

    Rivalry of Carthaginians and Greeks in the western Mediterranean

    Rivalry of Carthaginians and Greeks in the western Mediterranean
    [Mediterranean]
  • Period: 550 BCE to 300 BCE

    Rivalry of Carthaginians and Greeks in the western Mediterranean

    [Mediterranean]
  • 515 BCE

    Deportees from Babylon return to Jerusalem

    Deportees from Babylon return to Jerusalem
    [Mesopotamian]
  • 500 BCE

    500 B.C.E.

  • 500 BCE

    Celtic elites trade for Mediterranean goods

    Celtic elites trade for Mediterranean goods
    [Mediterranean]
  • 500 BCE

    Migrations across Europe

    Migrations across Europe
    [Europe]
  • Period: 500 BCE to 300 BCE

    Migrations across Europe

    [Europe]
  • 450 BCE

    Hanno the Phoenician explores West Africa

    Hanno the Phoenician explores West Africa
    [African]
  • 450 BCE

    Completion of Hebrew Bible

    Completion of Hebrew Bible
    [Middle Eastern]
  • 440 BCE

    Greek historian Herodotus reports on nomadic Scythians

    Greek historian Herodotus reports on nomadic Scythians
    [Mediterranean]
  • 390 BCE

    Celts sack Rome

    Celts sack Rome
    [European]
  • 356 BCE

    Lord Shang brings Legalist reforms to Qin state

    Lord Shang brings Legalist reforms to Qin state
    [Asian (China)]
  • Period: 356 BCE to 338 BCE

    Lord Shang brings Legalist reforms to Qin state

    [Asian (China)]
  • 300 BCE

    Ruler of Chinese state of Zhao equips troops like nomad horsemen

    Ruler of Chinese state of Zhao equips troops like nomad horsemen
    [Asian (China)]
  • 300 BCE

    Kingdom of Meroë begins

    Kingdom of Meroë begins
    [African]