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Russian Revolution

  • Abolishment of Serdom

    Abolishment of Serdom
    Serfdom was very tipical in the central and souther part of the Russian Empire.
    The Tzar Alexander I wanted to stopped it but he just made new laws in which all classes could own lands,except the serfs.
    In 1861 the Tzar Alexander II abolished serfdom by a decree.
    Source(s)
  • Alexander III (2nd part)

    Alexander III (2nd part)
    source(s)The church was used for giving good reputation to the Tzar, the government control it, the Holy Synod was ruled by Peter the Great and in first place it was used for preach obedience to the Tzar, spirituality came in second place. Confesions started to been told to the police fro arrested people.
    In March of tthe year 1887 there was an attack from some revolutionaries which after that the 5th May of the same year they were murder, between the revolutionaries, it was the brother of Lennin.
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    Alexander III of Russia (1st part)

    Alexander III get into the throne after his father murder, he had three main ideas, repression of opponents, undoing the reforms of his father and restore russian position internationally. This was called Rusification.
    Alezander III wanted to remove to the people that did not sare his ideas or his father's ones.
    The education was also affected, the government would choose the new programs and professors, no student could study history unless he had permession from the Minister of Education.
  • Trans-Siberian (2nd part)

    Trans-Siberian (2nd part)
    and run away from the nazis.
    The situation change when in 1941 Germany attacked The URSS, and the jewish and anti-nazis had to use another way to get out of Europe.
    Source(s)
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    Trans-Siberian (1st part)

    It was build from 1891 to 1916, demaded by Alexander III and his son, Nicholas II.
    It is conseider to be the reason why Russia lost the Russo-Japanesse war, because in that moment the train could only go in one direction, because of that Russian army could not move the necessary thing as quickly as they were supposed to.
    During the civil war the train was used to move people from the army from one place to another.
    In the WW2 anti-nazis and jewish used the train for go to Japan
  • Nicholas II (2nd part)

    Nicholas II (2nd part)
    Peolpe complainig about the governmet way of ruling were shot down near the palace, in react of this people started to strike and for stopped with all of this the tzar crearted a parliamnet.
    For prevent a german invasion of Europe Nicholas get into the First World War in 1914, however the country get into a political crisis, because all the problems the war were causing, and people blame Nicholas II, this led to a strike movement in 1917, because of this the Tzar was forced to abdicated,
  • NIcholas II (3rd Part)

    NIcholas II (3rd Part)
    and a provisional government was created.
    The royal family was arrested into their palace by the revolutionary gropus. The Bolsheviks were developing and they soon take control of the government defeting the provisional government.
    For the royal family to get imposible to get into the power again they were exiled to Tobolsk and later to Yekaterinburg where they constantly watch by Bolsheviks guards, until the night of the 17 July 1918 when the Bolsheviks executed then.
  • Nicholas II (4th part)

    Nicholas II (4th part)
    Romanov's executionRumors said that the two youngest children were alive, in 1991 the bodies were found, excep the ones of Anastasia and Aleksey. But 16 years later in 2007 two new bodies were found, and the mistery of the "missing" children was solve.
    source(s)
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    NIcholas II (1st part)

    NIcholas II was not properly prepared for been a monarch and ruled the country.
    His son, the heir of the throne, got hemophilia, a holy man called Rasputin wnt to the palace and helped the heir, because of this, the Tzar ang his wife believed if him, and this cause that Rasputin was soon very important in the states decisions.
    In 1904 there was a war against Japan, in which Russia lost it and the Nicholas II lost its reputation, this cause the Bloody Sunday in 1905,
  • Division of Marxists (1st part)

    Division of Marxists (1st part)
    The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party divided into two, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.
    Bolsheviks were the majority and were led by Lenin, the Mensheviks were control by Julius Martov, they were the minority.
    The political ideas were the main aim of the division of Marxist, Mensheviks believed in a nation run by workers, violence was not required and that Marxist would get path through capitalism, but Bolsheviks wanted to started doing something.
  • Division of Marxists (2nd part)

    Division of Marxists (2nd part)
    Another difference between Mensheviks and Bolsheviks was that Martov's party supported the WW1 on the other hand Lenin wanted to ended with it
    Source(s)
  • Russo Japanese War

    Russo Japanese War
    The Tzar Nicholas II wanted to expand the Russian Empire in Asia and he considered Japan a weak country, but he did not kept in mind Japan's industrial and military development.
    18 months later the war was finished, the Japan army won the russian army. but not only the humiliation was the result of the war, it also have an impact in the russian economy.
    Source(s)
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Bloody SundaySource(s)After the war against Japan, people were upset because of the situation. A group of worker led by a radical priest, Georgy Apollonovich Gapon, went to the Winter palace in St. Petersburg for making requets. Imperial forces shoot at then, killind hundreds of workers.
    This cause strikes and riots all around the country, Nicholas II tried to solve the problem by creating a parliament in which the reforms would be studied.
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    Russia in the World War I

    Russia was in the Triple Entente, and started to take part in 1914 fighting against Austri-Hungary which the excuse of defending slavs, but one of the main reasons was to have a better access to the Mediterranean Sea.
    In 1917 Russia has to left the war, because of the revolutions and the political problems that were going on in the country.
    Source(s): Photocopies od the ww1 and the Russian revolution
  • Murder of Rasputin

    Murder of Rasputin
    Source(s)A group of nobles attract Rasputin to to Yusupovsky Palace, where they poison him, as it did not make any effect they poison him again in food and wine, it still did not work so they shot him, when he seem to be death he wake up and go running to the palece ground where he was shot again, but he continue alive.
    Later he was tied and throw to a freezing river where he finally died.
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    Provisional Government

    The leaders of the provisional government were supposed to been part of the middle class but they did not have nothing in common. It also has two big mistakes, the first the poor people could not have lands in rural areas, and second Russia was still in the world war I. The July days: Soldiers, saliors and workers get to the streets for complainig of the provisional government.
    soure(s)
  • March Revolution (1st part)

    March Revolution (1st part)
    The people were tired of the situatio created by the WW1, the lack of food and the cold make a very hard winter.
    4th March: Workers of an important factory demand an increase of salary, for buy food, as the owner say not they went on strike.
    8th March: Strikers tried to persuaded workers for strike with then, Nicholas II saw that as hooliganism that would end soon.
    9th March: The situation was getting worse, the parliament ask to the Tzar for a supplement of food but he denied.
  • March Revolution (2nd part)

    March Revolution (2nd part)
    10th: The police tried to finished with the riots but the conditions got even worse and people were killed. People opened the prision ana free the ones insede, people were calling the abdication of the Tzar, the parliemaen informed Nicholas II about that the orders had been broke down, and even some soldiers joined people. Nicholas II said that the parliament was longer to meet.
    11th March: The Duma, the parliament, did not obey the Tzar and meet again,
  • March Revolution (3rd part)

    March Revolution (3rd part)
    the Dume with some soldiers that support then created the Provisional Government.
    12th Macrh: The Provisonal governmet did not want the Tzar, and Nicholas II was forced to let the throne.
    Source(s)
  • October Revolution

    October Revolution
    Lenin Speech of Revolution Source(s)The provisional goverment started to loose the control, the soviets were making a movemnet for get the control of the government, Bolsheviks assumed the direction of the movemnet but soviets still there. Soldiers and workers turned to the Bolsheviks.
    Moscow was under Bolsheviks control and so do other russian cities.
  • Vladimir Lenin (2nd part)

    Vladimir Lenin (2nd part)
    source(s)and the political problems the country was goin throw for going against the provisional government.
    After the October revolution in 1917 a civil war, which was won by the Bolshevik, during this period of three yerars Lenin was getting popular.
    This was the beginnig of the socialism, this policy would continue been using after his death, after it the country would be contoled by Joseph Stalin.
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    Vladimir Lenin (1st part)

    Lenin was a great student in high school, but when he get to studied in college he was expeled because of his revolutionary ideas. His brother was a revoltionary which was murder, this also cause him several problems, but it is believed that he was influenced because of his brother and what happened to him.
    He was arrested and exiled to Siberia. He started to be a important revolutionary in Europe, and created the Bolshevik.
    In 1917 taking advantage of Russia been in the World War I
  • The Russian Civil War (2nd part)

    The Russian Civil War (2nd part)
    been part of the WW1 and the civil war in so sort time let the country into problems suc as food, population..., at the end the country recovers in a sort period of time.
    source(s)
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    The Russian Civil War (1st part)

    It was after the November revolution in 1917. The war was the Red army against the white army, the Red army were the Bolsheviks and the White army were the anty-Bolsheviks.
    a group of anarchist called the Green army also took a little palce in the war against both sides, even France and England took place in favor of the White, this was worse.
    After the war, won by the Bolsheviks, Russia was going throw difficult situations, even though the country recovers,
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1st part)

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1st part)
    Lenin wanted to ended with the war for concentrated with the work in Russia.
    Trotski believed that asking for unreasonable things german people would started a revelion, but Kamenev though that even if the petitions where reasonable germans would react, in the other hand Lenin believed that the revolution would need some years but he did not care about that in that moment just of gettin out of the war.
    The most voted idea was the revolutionary war against germans, the party's central committee
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (2nd part)

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (2nd part)
    did not liked the idea and prefer, the one of making an agreement with Germany and ending the war.
    Russia lost, Riga, Lithuania, Livonia, Estonia and some of White Russia, areas with economic importance.
    Source(s)
  • N.E.P (2nd part)

    N.E.P (2nd part)
    Source(s)but the state would owned big companies, banks and transport.
    By 1927 the country was recovery, and the level of living was the same that in 1914. Even though the NEP had social and political problems because it was making richer the factory owners and the bourgeoisie.
    When Lenin died the NEP still been used, and continued during the Stalin command, but in 1928 he stopped using it for used something more like the tipe of economy used during the war.
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    N.E.P. (1st part)

    New Economic Policy. After the war the country did not produce the same that in 1914, the agriculture descnet a 60% and the industrial production was reduced to a 15%. All of this cause the government to react and create a new economical policy, the NEP.
    The NEP was a new policy in which the capitilism was limited and control by the state.
    People could sold their products by giving 10% of their harvest to the state, small companies could be owned by people,
  • USSR

    USSR
    The republic stated in 1917 right after the October Revolution, but the USSR was not official until 1922 when Bolsheviks won the civil war and the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR was signed.
    USSR Anthem Source(s)
  • Iosif Stalin (2nd part)

    Iosif Stalin (2nd part)
    he exile Trostki in 1936 and in 1940 he order his muder, but not only him, Stalin did the same with Zinoviev y Kamenev, executed in 1936 and Bujarin y Rikov, executed in 1938. He used their ideas as his, and had their own dictatorship which was very bloody.
    Even thouhg he was a very cruel, he made the URSS to be a great power worldwide and extend the socialism to the nearest countries.
    While Stalin was ruling the democratic ideas were prohibited and anyone could express their ideas,
  • Iosif Stalin (3rd part)

    Iosif Stalin (3rd part)
    with the same strength he made an agriculture sistem in which people were forced to work in agriculture at the villages because of punishment or just for complete the planned sistem, is true taht he was cruel but it is also true that Stalin increased the economy of the country in big quantities.
    In 1939 he signed an agreement with Germany for not not to attack The URSS, but Hitler attack The URSS in 1941 and the country enter in WW2, where it defeted the nazis in 1945.
  • Iosif Stalin (4th part)

    Iosif Stalin (4th part)
    He made the URSS to be an important country, so important that in the UN it is one of the five countries with the right to saying no to a new law.
    He also introduced the socialism to be international
    Stalin's speech
    source(s)
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    Iosif Stalin (1st part)

    In 1899 started to get part in the secret fight against the tzar, and in 1903 he united to the Bolsheviks. The lealty to Lenin and his lack of ideas making him get in a better position in the party.
    When in 1924 Lenin died he got into a battle with Trostki for getting the power, the fight get into ideological ideas, Trostki wanted the socialism to be international meanwhile Stalin wanted it to be national.
    Stalin just wanted power, when the "battle" for the power was ended
  • Trostky into exile

    Trostky into exile
    He was exiled to Alma-Ata, but in 1929 he was ordered to leave URSS, he went ot Turkey. in 1933 he was allowed to move to France, and in 1935 to Norway.
    In 1936 the soviets get the expulsion of the Trstky from Norway, because of this he with his family move to Mexico City.
    August 20th, 1940 he was murder by an Spanish Communist, it is think that he might be a Stalin agent.
    Source(s)