Russia Timeline

  • October Manifesto Released

    October Manifesto Released
    The photo was chosen because it displays the joy of many Russian civilians when the October Manifesto was released, promising a step into a more democratic future. While not all Russians remained satisfied as time went on, some became known as Octoberists who were satisfied. These Octoberists are portrayed by the image.
  • Russia Enters WWI

    Russia Enters WWI
    The picture shows how old fashioned the Russian army was due to its use of marching soldiers, old rifles, and cavalry. Therefore it shows how it was no match for the modernized enemy armies. But, the soldiers march with pride, showing how in the beginning, there was abundant Russian patriotism.
  • Tsar Nicholas II Takes Control of the Military

    Tsar Nicholas II Takes Control of the Military
    The Tsar was not skilled in tactics and strategy, but this photo taken of him shows him planning. Therefore, this image was taken to convince the Russian civilians that he was a good leader to calm the revolutionaries. However, the photo has irony, because the Tsar's incompetence fueled the revolutionaries instead.
  • Brusilov Offensive begins

    Brusilov Offensive begins
    The photo was chosen because this event was known as a very successful one. Russia was successful with militarily incapacitating the Hapsburg empire and relieving pressure for the Allies on the western front. The image shows Russian cavalry galloping excitedly into battle.
  • Assassination of Rasputin

    Assassination of Rasputin
    The newspaper expresses the Russian civilians fear and dislike of Rasputin. By stating that Rasputin, "ruled Czar," it shows that the Russian civilians didn't trust Rasputin, and blamed a lot of the Tsars bad decisions on him.
  • International Women's Day March

    International Women's Day March
    The image shows the large participation in the march. Every inch of the street is occupied, showing how large the dislike of the Tsar has grown. The Russian in the largest sign reads, "feed the children of the defenders of the motherland." This shows the main reason of protest, the lack of food for families.
  • Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates

    Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates
    The photo was chosen because it's a newspaper that displays the public vision of Nicholas' abdication. The notion of "unrestricted freedom" is idyllic and later proven to be untrue. The phrase "order again restored," portrays the relief of the Russian civilians and their false belief that the revolution was over.
  • The Provisional Government is Formed

    The Provisional Government is Formed
    The image shows the large size of the provisional government which opposes the small, hierarchal government of the Tsar.
  • April Theses are published

    April Theses are published
    The photo was chose because the April Theses were presented by Lenin upon his return to Russia. The image shows him speaking to a crowd when he returned.
  • Lenin returns from exile (to Petrograd)

    Lenin returns from exile (to Petrograd)
    The photo was chosen because it depicts Lenin speaking to a crowd in Petrograd after his return to Russia.
  • All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets for the first time

    All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets for the first time
    This photo depicts the first meeting of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets
  • July Days

    July Days
    This photo depicts the streets during July Days, where there there many riots and armed demonstrations in the streets.
  • Kornilov Affair

    Kornilov Affair
    The photo depicts Lavr Kornilov, the General of the Russian Army who staged a coup against the Bolsheviks in what became known as the Kornilov affair.
  • The Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control (October Revolution - date specific to Gregorian calendar)

    The Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control (October Revolution - date specific to Gregorian calendar)
    This photo depicts Vladimir Lenin during the Russian Revolution. When the Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government, Lenin led his supporters in a bloodless coup.
  • Cheka Formed

    Cheka Formed
    The Cheka aims and initiative was to defend the Revolution as they were known to be the Sword and Shield throughout the revolution, for their activity consisted of being border-line of the law.
  • Wartime Communism Created

    Wartime Communism Created
    Response to the consolidation of power, as the Bolshevik government implemented, in which is why I chose this picture based on the colors used to portray the tone as well as the basis of the Bolshevik government and their impact on the civilians.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    This photo was chosen because of the treaty between Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and Ottoman Empire that made the treaty . Furthers through the negotiations made between the countries at the basis of no substantial progress, thus focuses on policies and agreements to bring a end to the war that was standstill; henceforth the standstill of the paper itself and words on it.
  • Red Terror

    Red Terror
    I chose this image because of the context it provides through the colorization of red and background colors consisting of black and white to portray the death toll and consequence of red terror being the arrests and executions in addition to the arrests made. As it consisted of the left-wing regime of the Bolsheviks due to the U.S.S.R. violence that lasted for years on the start of their order.
  • Kolchak begins attacks

    Kolchak begins attacks
    Serious attacks against Reds from one of the White leaders. In the efforts to unite the White movement had failed, hence I chose this image due to the failure of his initiative that he sought out to do, as the image exemplifies through the colorization as well as the usage of lines to exemplify policy and leadership with economy and geography of the clash between the whites and the reds.
  • Ukraine brought under Soviet control

    Ukraine brought under Soviet control
    I chose this photo because of Ukraine impact with its consolidation of Bolshevik rule that implicated the threat of identity hence being the reason for this image consisting of protest and in black and white to emphasize and enhance the significance of the event sbased on the time period as well as the sign being the map of boundaries and land that Ukraine lost.
  • Battle of Petrograd (Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd)

    Battle of Petrograd (Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd)
    This image depicts Russians with weapons. During the Battle of Petrograd the Red army faced off with the whites who were coming to take Petrograd.
  • Polish Kiev Offensive begins

    Polish Kiev Offensive begins
    The accompanying image is the founding Polish flag, representing the Polish patriotism and newly-emerging self-determination that Poland defends in its resistance against Russian communist imposition.
  • (Polish Kiev Offensive ends)

  • Red Army attacks Warsaw

    Red Army attacks Warsaw
    The image is the cover of the Communist International magazine's 9th issue, depicting somebody removing chains binding the earth. This shows how the Reds' attacks on Poland fit into the Communist Party's grand plans to expand communism internationally.
  • Tambov Rebellion begins

    Tambov Rebellion begins
    The image of wheat represents the main product of the peasantry who largely comprised the Green rebels of the Tambov Rebellion, who fought largely to resist the Reds' requisitioning of their grain and nationalization of their land.
  • Kronstadt Rebellion begins

    Kronstadt Rebellion begins
    Attached are the Kronstadt rebels' demands, representing the anti-authoritarianism views expressed by the rebels and shortly entertained by the "illuminated" Lenin through the New Economic Policy.
  • (Kronstadt Rebellion ends)

  • War Communism replaced by New Economic Policy

    War Communism replaced by New Economic Policy
    This photo depicts the revitalized middle class of "NEPmen", created by Lenin's capitalist concessions in his New Economic Policy (NEP), illustrating how the NEP reversed Lenin's ideological progress towards a classless society.
  • 1922 Treaty of Rapallo

    1922 Treaty of Rapallo
    This photo depicts the German chancellor's amicability with Russian representatives in 1922, enforcing the rising solidarity between Germany and Russia that was diplomatically established by the 1922 Treaty of Rapallo.
  • (Tambov Rebellion ends)

  • Formation of the Soviet Union

    Formation of the Soviet Union
    The most recent Soviet Union flag (compared to the initial flag/crest) represents the significance of the Soviet Union's formation as it shows how the Soviet Union would become a continuous, evolving influence over time.
  • Lenin dies

    Lenin dies
    This is a picture of Lenin's embalmed body, which represents Lenin's death because it shows Lenin having died.