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RUSSIA 1917-1941

  • Period: to

    World War 1

    This war was a complete failure for Russia. They had loss millions of people and many injured, the people of Russia were also facing a Civil war which had completly thinned the efforts of the Russian goverment. The Russians soon signed the Treaty of Rapallo which was a peace agreement between the Soviets of Russia and the Weimar Republic (Germany). This was the escape of WW1 for Russia and allowed them to focus on problems at their homeland.
  • March Revolution

    Key Players: Czar, The People This was the first revolution. Russia had much much problems in every field; economical problems;social problems;politcal problems. This caused the fury of the people and therefore created this revolution. This also created the workers strike. The revolution ending up with the Czar stepping and the stepping up of the provisional goverment. -Workers Strike -Leads to provisional goverment
  • The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' Deputies is formed

  • Tsar abdicate

  • Provisional Goverment

    Key players: Kerensky, Liberals and Socials The creation of the provisonal goverment was made up of 2 heads the socials and the constitional democrats. They came in power after the abdication of the Czar. The provisional goverment was in a power struggle as we had 2 point of views controlling 1 country. This provisional goverment did not recognize the harsh conditions of Russia and soon fell down in the call of the Bolsheviks.
  • Lenin returns from exile

    Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik party in exile, returns to Petrograd
  • April Thesis

    Key players: Lenin Description:Lenin becomes leader of the Bolshevik party. Lenin was presented a great oppurtunty to seize power over the provisonal goverment. When Lenin came into power he introduced his new communist policies recognizing the problems russia was facing. Lenin believed in "Peace, Bread and Land!
  • Leon Trotsky returns to Petrograd from exile

  • Kornilov Affair

    After the state conference an alliance was formed between the Social Democratics and the Constituional Democratics Led by General Kornilov and Kerensky. Both sides of the alliance decided to send troops to Petrograd through threats of the government. During this time general Kornilov try to betray Kerensky through military force. This plan back fired and was soon summoned Lenin and the Bolsheviks to take power over the provisional goverment after the revolution.
  • The Duma declares Russia a republic

  • Russia recognizes Poland's independence

  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Key Players: Kerensky and Lenin Description: -The Great October Socialistic Revolution lead by the Bolshevik Party under Lenin control took over and ended the provisional dual power goverment in Russia. Russia was now under the control of a Communist party. Russia was now under the influence of the Marxist way of life.
  • Ukraine declares its independence from Russia

  • Estonia declares its independence from Russia

  • Finland declares its independence from Russia

  • Lenin creates the secret police Cheka

  • New Goverment

    Key players: Lenin, Bolsheviks, and White vs Red Description: -The Bolshevisk don't have full support of Russia. The people who resisted communis were known as "The Whites", the people who supported the Bolshevisk were known as "The Reds". The result of this created the civil war. Russia was not ready for this as they faced a international event WW1. The goverment was multi-state and couldnt get a good focus on both events. Russia soon later signed the armistice.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Key players: Germany, and Russia Description: -Peace between Russia and the Central Powers Significance: -This let Russia exit WW1 -This let Russia face its problem back that home and deal with the civil war. -This treaty had also had a big toll with it they loss alot of farming land and mining land
  • Poland declares war on Bolshevik Russia

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    Civil War

    Key Players: Lenin, Red vs Whites, Nicholas II, Stalin and Trotsky Description: -A purposal is made to take the Czar out of power and soon murdered -All of Russia does not agree to have communism -The creation of the Whites and Reds -Lenin gains leadership of Bolshevik faces numerous problems -Significance: -Russia is facing huge problems>economical problems>recession>famine -Political problems>Who leads? -Social problems> Kulaks vs communism -Lenin Falls
  • War Communism

    Key players: Lenin, and White vs Reds Description: - Lenin introduced the war communism to help survive the cival war. This period was known as the "RED TERROR". This made the people of Russia have fear, the fear created a order for Russia
  • The Czechoslovak legion revolts against the Bolshevik government

  • Execution of the Tsar

    The Czar family was held captive at St. Petersburg where they were soon faced the extermination of the family. They were murdered because of politcals views and a start of a new revolution to bring the Czar back into Russia and have power of Russia
  • The Bolshevik troops are repelled by Estonia

  • The Comintern is founded

  • Strikes spread throughout Russia

  • Poland and Ukraine ally to fight Russia

  • New Economic Policy (NEP)

    When Lenin realized that his War Communism Policy was failing, he came up with a new idea to appease the peasants of Russia. In order for this plan to work, he had to compromise some of his Marxist beliefs. The New Economic Policy allowed peasants and farmers to sell any surplus they had, as well as some private trade and private ownership.
  • Warren G. Harding becomes president

  • The URSS is created

    Eleven republics made the URSS: Rusia, Ucrania, Georgia, Armenia....
  • Treaty of Rapollo

    Key players: Germany and Russia Germany and Russia sign a deal to help increase there economy and get rid of eachothers debts. They wanted to cooperate and have a better economy as the both realize that they both need help. Both countries on the verge of recovery and to a new economy
  • Death of Lenin

    Vladimir Lenin (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), was a Russian Revolutionist, the politcal leader of the bolsheviks and the leader of the 1917 October Revolution, and creator of the USSR. As the leafer of the Bolsheviks he led the Reds to victory in the Russian Civil War. Many mourned of the loss of one of the greatest leaders of Russia.
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    Five Year Plans

    Key Players: Stalin Description: -Stalin innovates on Lenins New Economy Plan -Multiple 5 year plans Significance: - To make Russa a leading industrial power -He created jobs for every citizen in Russia -helped Russias economy stay on its feet
  • Kellog-Briand Pact

    Key players: The World The Kellog-Briand pact was to end all european allianceship. This was signed to end all war and each country should only be able to have self-defence. This pact was signed by the great powers of the war and other countries. This was not a 100% success as countries still got invaded.
  • Hoover lost the 1932 election

  • Normalization

    Key Players: Stalin and multiple countries Description: Stalin introduces pacts to help normalize Russa Significance: These acts were part of Stalins 5 year plans. Stalin purposed these pacts to reignite with the international ties of politics. This leads to the joining of the League of Nations
  • FDR was elected

  • The Social Security Act was passed

  • Period: to

    The Purges

    Key players: Red army and Stalin Description: - Stalin put Russia in a "Great Terror" -Police surveillance>suspicousness>executions Significance: -The Repression -Anti communist were seriously punished / even with no evidence just the suspection > People began to point fingers when conflicted with the police> this created a free walk by citizens -Special police were watching special police -Stalin feared opposition and purged all who potentially could oppose him
  • League Of Nations

    Key Players: The World This was a international commitee that face encouraged world peace and ensured the safety to other countries. This showed a sign of recovery for Russia in its goverment. This presented a chance for Russia to be involved with international law. Russia was soon later expelled due to the invasion of Finland.
  • The Social Security Act was passed

  • The Works Progress Administration

  • The Wagner Act

  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Key players: Russia and Germany This was a pact that ensured the safety between the Soviets and Russia. Russia seen the forces of Germany and was unprepared. The signing if this pact gave the time for Russia to begin building there army. Later on this pact was soon broking as the Nazis had "Operation Barbarossa.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Germany decides to invade Russia after failing to attack and maintain London. This attack on Russia broke the Nazi-Soviet Pact and was a true test to the Russians politacally, socially and economy. This was one of the turning points of WW2