Timeline for Russian Revolution, Civil War, and Lenin

  • Revolution of 1905 and the October Manifesto

    Revolution of 1905 and the October Manifesto
    Bloody Sunday marks the start of the 1905 revolution and the subsequent signing of the October Manifesto, that is why we chose this image.
  • Beginning of WW I

    Beginning of WW I
    We chose a picture of mobilized Russian troops to highlight the importance of mobilization in the beginning of war and its role in starting the conflict.
  • Tsar Nicholas II takes sole control of military operations

    Tsar Nicholas II takes sole control of military operations
    We chose this image to highlight how out of place the tsar was in commanding the army. He was quite literally on a high horse-- exemplifying his arrogance.
  • Brusilov Offensive

    Brusilov Offensive
    Largely considered Russia's greatest feat of WW1-- this picture shows the land acquisition that resulted from the offensive.
  • Assassination of Rasputin

    Assassination of Rasputin
    We chose this picture to show Rasputin's close connection with the royal Russian family and share how his death had a lasting impact.
  • provisional government formed

    provisional government formed
    The provisional government had many flaws-- which is a reason why it was eventually disbanded and a cause of the revolution. This picture shows its key members.
  • Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia

    Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia
    This image shows Kolchak, who commanded one of the first attacks that started the Russian Civil war.
  • International Women’s Day March in Petrograd

    International Women’s Day March in Petrograd
    This image shows the women's protest that demanded peace and bread and served as an element that caused the revolution.
  • Nicholas II abdicates the throne

    Nicholas II abdicates the throne
    This picture shows the rough shape Nicholas II was in after his abdication-- sort of a payback for the wrongdoing he has done to his citizens.
  • April Theses published

    April Theses published
    The April theses called for soviet control and impacted the start of the July Days. This picture shows Lenin delivering a speech to a crowd and promoting sovietism.
  • Return of Lenin from exile

    Return of Lenin from exile
    This is picture shows the warm public welcome Lenin received which shows his control over the Russian population, foreshadowing his take over of the country after the revolution.
  • First All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets

    First All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets
    Made up mostly of socialist revolutionaries, the aim of this meeting was to take over the provisional government. This picture represents the people in congress who agreed with the overthrow.
  • July days

    July days
    Common people, including soldiers, sailors, and workers, attacked the provisional government during this time-- this image shows the impact of these demonstrations and what happened during them.
  • Kornilov Affair

    Kornilov Affair
    The picture shows many of the soldiers involved in the coup and the weapons they were using.
  • Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control

    Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control
    This became known as the October Revolution and started Russia’s socialist regime-- the picture shows Lenin leading people during the revolution.
  • Cheka formed

    Cheka formed
    The picture is a political drawing of how people who found out about the Chaka saw them; portraying them as cruel and evil.
  • Red Terror

    Red Terror
    Propaganda that shows support of the red terror, which was a campaign that was created by the Bolsheviks, was used to eliminate any threats to the Bolshevik power.
  • Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded

    Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded
    Pictured is an image of the first constituent assembly.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    The picture shows the men who devised the treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1918-- letting Russia lose 30% of its highly valuable land.
  • Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd

    Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd
    The Red Guard's purpose was to protect Bolshevik territory against the soon-to-be-named white guard. The picture is that of a Red Guard unit from a Vulkan factory.
  • Wartime Communism created

    Wartime Communism created
    This photo shows that war communism, which was implemented to help win the Russian Civil War for the Reds, created poverty and famine due to food not being efficiently distributed to the people
  • Soviets attempt to take Warsaw

    Soviets attempt to take Warsaw
    As this entails, this represents an attempt to conquer the Polish capital city of Warsaw by the soviets, which would inevitably lead to the Polish-Soviet War. This photo represents some of the machinery used in the Polish-Soviet war, as the Polish were setting up to defend the fronts of the Polish territory.
  • Poles move toward Kiev

    Poles move toward Kiev
    This picture represents the Kyiv Offense that started the Polish soviet war.
  • Tambov Rebellion

    Tambov Rebellion
    The Tambov Rebellion was a peasant revolution shortly after the introduction of War Communism in Bolshevik Russia. This photo represents a resurrected group of peasants during the Tambov Rebellion, which demonstrates the ease in which the Bolsheviks could suppress their forces, as they are extremely under-armed in comparison.
  • Ending of Wartime Communism

    Ending of Wartime Communism
    After many rebellions by Russian soldiers and civilians, the Russian government felt that a new economic structure would benefit Russia. This was a Political poster created by the Russian government promoting the NEP after the end of War communism, with Lenin in the forefront pushing the idea of him being the leader of Russia.
  • Kronstadt uprising

    Kronstadt uprising
    The Krondstadt uprising was a group of Bolshevik soldiers and sailors that led a rebellion against the Russian government. This was the flag of the Kronstadt uprising during the time, which represents the violence and carnage the Kronstadt had in mind when rebelling against the Bolshevik Powers.
  • Ukraine brought under Soviet control

    Ukraine brought under Soviet control
    This flag represents how Ukraine was declared one of the republics in the union of soviet socialist republics.
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    This photo shows the Chancellor of Germany at the time, Joseph Wirth and many Russian delegates having an obvious positive relationship, representing the outcome of the Treaty of Rapallo creating a future relationship between the two countries.
  • Formation of Soviet Union

    Formation of Soviet Union
    After the introduction of contributions to things like the NEP, the Russian government created the Soviet Union. In this picture, the leaders of the many countries involved are seen signing a document that unifies them, representing the beginning of the USSR.
  • Lenin Dies

    Lenin Dies
    After a 7 year reign as the leader of Russia, Lenin passes away in 1924 after a stroke. This photo shows the outcome of Lenin’s funeral, showing the end of an era for Russia.