The Russian Revolution

  • Revolution of 1905

    Revolution of 1905
    The revolution of 1905 resulted from mass unrest of the people directed towards the upper class. The photo chosen is an illustration of the event, and does a good job of portraying the two sides.
  • October Manifesto

    October Manifesto
    An attempt from the Tsar to please the common people. Was the first type of constitution that Russia had, marked the end of unlimited autocracy The photo chosen is the manifesto itself, in its original language.
  • Beginning of WWI

    Beginning of WWI
    Russia entered the war in order to maintain its status as a great power, as well as due to promises it gave other countries. However, the war ended up having a great impact on Russia. The photo chosen was Russian propaganda to get more people to join the war.
  • Czar Nicholas II Takes Sole Control of Military Operations

    Czar Nicholas II Takes Sole Control of Military Operations
    Tsar Nicholas II took control of the military due to spite and believing that he was the only competent one. The opposite ended up being true. The image is of him blessing Russian troops.
  • Brusilov Offensive

    Brusilov Offensive
    The Brusilov Offensive “June Advance” was the most remarkable Russian feat of arms during WW1. It involved a major attack by Russia on the central powers on the eastern front. It was a triple-entente’s most significant victory. This visual was chosen to show the brutality of the event. Many casualties occurred and are well represented in this art piece.
  • Assassination of Rasputin

    Assassination of Rasputin
    Rasputin was murdered in order to end his influence over the royal family. He was shot 3 times and poisoned, before finally being thrown into a lake to drown. The image is of Rasputin.
  • Nicholas II Abdicates

    Nicholas II Abdicates
    The Tsar's support has been weakening and weakening leading up to this event. The army and workers went on strike, and these groups eventually forced him into abdication. The image is Nicholas II's abdication letter.
  • Provisional Government Formed

    Provisional Government Formed
    The Provisional Government was formed in order to keep up government services in the time of unsureness after the tsarist reign ended. The image is one taken of the Provisional Government's cabinet during one of their meetings.
  • Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded

    Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded
    The Constitutional Assembly opposed the Soviet government and did not agree to the new elections. During the break, a special rally of the Bolsheviks and the left SR's decided to disband the rally. This visual was chosen in order to depict the chaos that occurred during this event and the utter disagreement between them.
  • International Women’s Day March in Petrograd

    International Women’s Day March in Petrograd
    On March 8th on the Western calendar, working women in Petrograd went on strike and protested for peace and bread. This march spread all over, and ended up becoming the largest women's demonstration in Petrograd. The image is from the march itself.
  • Trotsky Organizes Red Guard to Defend Petrograd

    Trotsky Organizes Red Guard to Defend Petrograd
    The Red Guard was a volunteer formation consisting of peasants, factory workers, and some soldiers to protect soviet power. They fought to protect and extend the power of the Soviets and aid in the creation of a new state, The Soviet Union. This visual was chosen to show what the Red Guard looked like and their respective rankings. This is important because they had different uniforms.
  • April Theses

    April Theses
    The April Theses is a program consisting of 10 statements issued by Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik party leader, in his return to Petrograd. It called for Soviet control of state power and contributed to the coup d’état in October 1917. This visual shows the 10 points held by soldiers marching through the streets. This was chosen to show how they were meant to be shared everywhere they could.
  • Return of Lenin From Exile

    Return of Lenin From Exile
    Lenin was able to return back to Russia with the help of the Germans in 1917. He preached for peace, bread, and land-- three things that Russians desperately needed at the time. The image is of Lenin returning to Russia after exile.
  • First All Russian Congress of Soviets Meet

    First All Russian Congress of Soviets Meet
    The first all Russian congress of soviets composed of local soviets met in Petrograd. It was dominated by pro-government parties and confirmed the supremacy of the Russian provisional government. It ended on July 17, 1917. Thi visual shows a meeting of the congress. This was chosen to show how big the committee was and how meetings would take hold.
  • July Days

    July Days
    A period of unrest in Petrograd where spontaneous protests by industrial workers and soldiers engaged against the provisional government following the abdication of the Tsar. It caused a temporary decline of Bolshevik party members. It ended on July 20, 1917. This visual shows the stress in Petrograd during these days. This is important because it shows how these days were filled with fear and uncertainty.
  • Kornilov Affair

    Kornilov Affair
    It was an attempted coup d’etat by Lavr Kornilov against the Russian provisional government. Though the motivations are unknown, it was done to “restore peace in Petrograd” and eliminate the Soviets. It ended on August 30, 1917. This visual was chosen to show Kornilov. He was the head general in the operation.
  • Bolsheviks Overthrow the Provisional Government and Take Control

    Bolsheviks Overthrow the Provisional Government and Take Control
    In the October Revolution (second Russian revolution) Bolsheviks overthrew the Provisional Government and seized control of Petrograd. This visual shows the Bolshevik party and the struggle of the time. This art piece was chosen because it demonstrated how packed the city was.
  • Cheka Formed

    Cheka Formed
    This was the Russian Bolshevik secret police and was formed by Vladimir Lenin. It was made to identify and deal with potential counter-revolutionaries. This visual was chosen because it shows the badges of the Cheka. This is important because there were heavy ties to worth based on their badge.
  • Wartime Communism created

    Wartime Communism created
    War Communism was the name given to the economic system that existed in Russia, War Communism was introduced by Lenin to combat the economic problems brought on by the civil war in Russia. It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist teachings The visual chosen depicts the expansion of the industrial face and the system doing everything in their capability to maintain economic well-being
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    This was a peace treaty between the Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central Powers, and this ended the participation of Russia in WWI. This visual was chosen to show the negotiation and participation from differing nations in order to come to agreement.
  • Red Terror

    Red Terror
    In Soviet Russia this was a campaign of political repression and executions carried out by the Bolsheviks, chiefly through the Bolshevik secret police. The Red Terror was a determined to eliminate opposition, political dissent and threats to Bolshevik power. This visual chosen shows the amount of Bolshevik Secret policemen that were involved with the executions.
  • Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia

    Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia
    Kolchak attacks the Reds from Serbia. During the Civil War it was against the Reds and the Whites. The Reds were the Lenin's Bolshevik Party and had a unified government. While the the Whites were the rest of the Bolsheviks and did not have a unified government and caused much violence. This visual shows the white army in preparation to fight the Reds during the Russian Civil War.
  • Tambov Rebellion

    Tambov Rebellion
    In August 1920, resistance to the confiscation of grain developed into a guerrilla war against the Red Army, Cheka units, and the Soviet Russian authorities. It is estimated that around 100,000 people were arrested and 15,000 were killed during the suppression of the uprising. This image showcases a group of people who participated in the Tambov Rebellion
  • Poles move toward Kiev

    Poles move toward Kiev
    The Poles moved toward Kiev in order to take some of modern day Ukraine from Russia. It was a battle/war between the Polish and the Russians. The image shows the process of the poles migrating and the journey that they went through in order to reach Kiev.
  • Kronstadt uprising

    Kronstadt uprising
    The Kronstadt rebellion was an anti-Bolshevik uprising, against Bolshevik economic policies, food shortages, political oppression, and violence. It was carried out by soldiers and sailors on the island fortress of Kronstadt. This is an image of people holding up a flag that represents the Kronstadt Uprising
  • Ending of Wartime Communism

    Ending of Wartime Communism
    War communism was replaced by NEP in 1921 as a result of a famine because peasants grew less grain. This image showcases the deaths caused by the famine
  • Ukraine brought under Soviet control

    Ukraine brought under Soviet control
    In 1922, Ukraine was brought under Soviet rule. This enabled Russia to be soon called the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (USSR) The visual represents Ukraine finally being brought under the Russian rule
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    The Treaty of Rapallo was a treaty signed on 16 April 1922 between the German Republic and Soviet Russia where they both renounced all territorial and financial claims against each other. This image is a newspaper clipping about the Treaty of Rapallo
  • Formation of Soviet Union

    Formation of Soviet Union
    The soviet union was a communist state formed after the 1917 Russian Revolution, where socialist republics were established from the collapsed Russian empire. This image is a painting of people forming the Soviet Union.
  • Lenin dies

    Lenin dies
    Vladimir Lenin died of a stroke when he was 53 years old on January 21, 1924. This image demonstrates Lenin as dead
  • Soviets attempt to take Warsaw

    Soviets attempt to take Warsaw
    In August 1944, the Soviets began pushing the Germans west, advancing on Warsaw. This is an image of the soldiers that advanced on Warsaw.