Russian History 1462-2012

  • Apr 11, 1462

    Ivan III (The Great)

    April 1462 – October 1505Ivan the Great is one of the longest ruling and most remembered rulers of Russia. He increased the area of Russia threefold, and laid the foundations for the new Russian government.
  • Jan 11, 1547

    Ivan IV (The Terrible)

    Under Ivan the Terrible, Russia became a region spanning almost 1 billion acres with multiple ethnicities. He was the first Tsar of all the Russias, and has been remembered both as an incredible diplomat and a man prone to bouts of paranoia and harsh treatment of the nobles.
  • Michael Romanov

    From the house of Romanov, first Tsar of the Romanov dynasty. Ended the time of troubles, a time during which Russia suffered a famine that killed a third of the population and was occupied by foreign forces of Poland and Lithuania.
  • Peter I (The Great)

    Expanded the Russian Empire through successful wars with surrounding areas. Replaced the old social system with a new, modern and scientific system through his leadership in a cultural revolution.
  • Catherine II (The Great)

    Came to power following the assassination of her husband and went on to make Russia stronger and larger, and continued to introduce western changes. The Manifesto on Freedom of the Nobility freed nobles from forced military or state service. This allowed them to spend more time on their mansions which were built in a European style, which had the unforeseen effect of adding more western style to Russia.
  • Napoleon's Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon led his grande Armee into Russia. After six months they were almost completely wiped out because of the freezing temperatures. Russia let them capture vilna. Then later a hail storm and freezing rain killed a lot of their troops.
  • Alexander II

    Emperor of Russia until he was assassinated in 1881. Was also the King of Poland and the Grand Prince of Finland. Known for freeing the serfs in Russia, who than gave him the nickname Alexander the Liberator.
  • Nicholas II

    Was also the Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and King of Poland. He was known as Bloody Nicholas because of his penchant for finding and getting involved in military campaigns and for his execution of political opponents. The sheer number of Russians that were killed in World War 1, a war which he approved involvement in, his reign ended the Romanov Dynasty.
  • Russo-Japanese War

  • World War I

  • Bolshevik Revolution

    The Bolshevik Revolution was the over throw of the Russian Government. Russia had entered World War I and the country was facing hardships, including shortages of food and fuel. The people had lost faith in the war effort, and they were no longer willing to send young men into battle only to be killed. In the Russian capital of Petrograd, workers had staged a strike and rioting broke out.
  • Creation of the Communist Party

    The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was tried and tested as an aggressive frontline of the Soviet people, which unites, on a voluntary basis, the more advanced, the politically more conscious section of the working class, collective-farm peasantry, and intelligentsia of the USSR. The party exists for, and serves, the people
  • Russian Revolution

    Open revolt erupted due to food shortages and ended imperial rule. This lead to political and social changes that would form the Soviet Union.
  • Alexander Kerensky

    Major leader before, during, and after the major Russian revolutions of 1917. Was in office during the Bolsheviks Revolution, and after being overthrown spent the rest of his life in exile.
  • Lenin’s New Economic Policy

    Lenin introduced the Tax In Kind policy. Produce that was collected would go directly to the State and then be distributed to the rest of the country, in order to ensure that everyone had food.
  • Establishment of the USSR

    Also known as the Soviet Union, the new communist state was the successor to the Russian Empire and the first country in the world to be based on Marxist socialism.
  • Joseph Stalin

    Coming to power by expanding the roles of his office and crushing opposition, Stalin replaced Lenin’s economic policy with his own, which began the rapid transformation from agrarian to industrial super power. This change led to the Soviet Famine of 1932-1933. During his reign The Great Purge was his way of executing those he thought were opposing him.
  • Vladimir Lenin

    Lenin was a major part of Russia’s transition from an empire with Tsar’s to a communist country. He combined his theoretical and political views with those of Marxism to create a knew school of thought that came to be known as Marxism-Leninism. He also helped to get a peace treaty signed that helped to get Russia out of the First World War.
  • Stalin’s Five Year Plan

    The Five year plans were Stalin's method to modernize the country's industry. New dams, for hydro-electricity, roads, steel and metal plants were created.
  • World War II

    Russia invaded finland in 1939
    Germany marched into Russia in 1941. June 22 Germans were initially sucessful but surrendured on May 2, 1945 because of the attacks from Russia.
  • Cold War

    The US and Russia got into an arguement because ideologies were different. The USSR were communist and the US were capitalism. After the US won, Russia eventually collapsed.
  • Nikita Khrushchev

    Serving as the first Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev was responsible for the beginning of the space program and for the beginning of de-Stalinization in Russia.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    During the Crisis, the U.S. and Soviet Union were in a political and military standoff. The Soviet was aiming missiles onto Cuba. Many people feared that the world was on a brink of a nuclear war.
  • Glasnost/Perestroika

    The importance of Gorbachev's glasnost and perestroika was to expose the decades of corruption in the political, economic and social control created by Marx, Lenin and Stalin.
  • Mikhail Gorbacheb

    He was the leader of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1985 until its collapse in December of 1991. He was very good at fixing problems and today he speaks and writes about history.
  • End of Communist Party

    When communist hard-liners tried to remove Gorbachev from office, and put in place a more Stalinist system, within two months of this coup the Soviet Union was no more.
  • Democracy of Russia Implemented

    From the collapse of the Soviet Union, many observers have argued that a democratic Russia with free markets would be a helpful, mutual, and many-sided partner rather than a narrow-minded and hostile national security threat.
  • Wars With Chechnya

    Chechnya wanted to declare independence but Russia didn't want to grant declaration. Russia was invaded by Chechnya in 1994, military conflict back up in 1999. Action was needed in April of 2009.
  • Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

  • Boris Yeltsin

    Boris served a very short term for only 3 months. People did not agree with what he had to offer so they ganged up on him and he no longer was in office.
  • Russian Stock Market Crash

    The economy collapsed, putting the number of people living below the poverty line raised 40%
    Due to the war with Chechnya, Russia inherited the Soviet Union’s debt of about 5.5 billion dollars. Therefore, the government raised all food prices. The domestic food doubled while the imported food quadrupled.
  • Vladimir Putin

    Many people agree with Putin. But many people would say that he is undemocratic. He served in office until May of 2012
  • Russia's War With Georgia

    (Known as the five day war) In the night of August the 7th, Georgia launched an attack on South ossetia to reclaim territory. On Aug 9th Russian naval blackadad Georgia coast. Russia pulled troops out on August 15th and 16th.
  • Dmitri Medvedev

    He is the 10th and current Prime Minister of Russia. He's aiming on modernizing Russia's economy and society.
  • Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev

    Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev
    Vladimir was the ruler of Kiev from 980- 1015. He consolidated the area from Ukraine to the Baltic Sea into Kiev, and solidified the borders of Kiev from foreign invasions. The period of Christianity in the Eastern Slavic area began with him.