Russian Revolution

  • Russo-Japense War

    Russo-Japense War
    The Russo-Japense begins and this is the official start of the russain revolution
  • Period: to

    Russian Revolution

  • Supporting Tsar

    A crowd of more than 80,000 goes through St.Peterburgs in support of Tsar and the government.
  • Present Nicholas II Declaration of loyalty

    A union of workers represented by Father Gapon present Nicholas with a declaration of loyalty
  • Governemt member killed

    Plehve, a governement hardlliner and opponent to reform, is killed by radical SR's which sparked public celebrations
  • Protesting a "national assembly of zemstovs"

    104 delegates from zemtovs across Russia meet and propose a "national assembly of zemstovs"
  • Increase of people in the zemstovs groups

    Tsarist decress increase the authority of the zemtovs and ease centorship, but Tsar doesn't agree to the assembly.
  • Lenin launches a newspapers

    Supported by funds from Japan, Lenin launches a left-wing newspaper called Vpered. It lasted for six months and then it was shut down.
  • Strike in St. Petersburg

    More than 120,000 industrial workers go on strike in St. Petersburg
  • Strik in St. Petersburg

    More than 120,000 industrial workers go on strike in St. Petersburg
  • A petition to Tsar

    Striking workers declare their intention to march to the WInter Palace to submit a petiton to the Tsar. The governent moved troops into the cities, while Tsarist ministries said they aren't expecting any violence.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Tsarist troops open fire on a peacful demonstration of wokers in the streets of St. Peterburgs which is now called the "Bloody Sunday"
  • Tsar forgives the workers

    Tsar meets with the industrial workers and declares that he has forgiven them.
  • Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich is assasinated

    Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, who is part of the much hated govern of Moscow and an uncle of the Tsar is assasinated by an SR agent.
  • Tsar is planning to form a legislative assembly

    Tsar promises to investigate the possibility of forming a legislative assembly, handing the task to Bulygin, his interior minister.
  • Tsarist government closes the universities

    Beliving them to be a source of revolutionary ideas and tension, the tsarist government orders the universities to be closed until the next academic year.
  • Strikes start happening in factories

    Strikes breakes out in factories and at the docks of Odessa.
  • The Bolshevik Third party Congress Began

    The Bolshevik third party congress begins iin London. It hears but rejects a proposal to re-unite with the Mensheviks.
  • Second Zemstov Congress forms an elected legislature

    In Mocow, the Second Zemstov Congress demands the formation of an elected legislature.
  • Battle of Tsushima

    The Battle of Tsushima results in almost the entire Russian Baltic Fleet being destroyed or taken capative by the Japenese.
  • The second Duma opens

    The second Duma opens
  • Tsarist police arrest left-wing politicians

    Tsarist police arrest left-wing politicians and activist in St. Petersburg
  • The second Duma is dissolved by Nicholas II

    The second Duma is dissolved by Nicholas II
  • Stolypin alters the electoral law prior to elections

    Stolypin alters the electoral law prior to elections for the third Duma, reducing representation of peasants, workers, and national minorities.
  • Bolsheviks hold up a train in the Georgian city of Tifilis

    Bolsheviks hold up a train in the Georgian city of Tifilis, stealing more than 340,000 roubles and killing dozens of people
  • Alexei suffered a life threatening haemophiliac

    The Tsarevich, Alexei suffered a life threatening haemophiliac bleed his suffering is eased after a visit from Rasputin.
  • Elections for the third Doma commence

    Elections for the third Doma commence
  • The opening of the third Duma

    The opening of the third Duma. The new Duma is dominated by land-owners and conservatives, socialist, and liberals occupy fewer than 100 seats.
  • Lenin flees Russia

    Chased by Tsarist police, Lenin flees Russia and returns to exile Switzerland
  • The Tsarist government introduces a program

    The Tsarist government introduces a program for universal and compulsory primary education, to be implemented over the course of a decade.
  • The Fifth Congress of the SR party

    The Fifth Congress of the SR party endorses its support for anti-tsarist terrorism and workers and peasants uprisings.
  • olsheviks hold up a train in the Urals

    Bolsheviks hold up a train in the Urals capturing 24 kilograms of gold and a large amount of cash
  • Karpov is assassinated

    Karpov, the police chief of St Petersburg, is assassinated by an SR bomb
  • The government attempts to outlaw student demonstrations

    The government attempts to outlaw student demonstrations, leading to a wave of unrest and strikes in universities.
  • Rasputin is temporarily banished by Tsar

    Rasputin is temporarily banished by Tsar who is angered by press reports about Rasputin's drinking and womanizing.
  • The arrest of Menahem Beilis

    The arrest of Menahem Beilis who is a Russian Jew accused of the ritual murder of a child. His trail exposes Russian anti-Semitism to the world.
  • Stolypin is shot at the theatre

    Stolypin is shot at the theatre by Bogrov, who is reportedly a police agent or informer
  • Stolypin dies

    Stolypin dies of his injuries
  • Vladmir Kokovstoff becomes prime minister

    Vladmir Kokovstoff is appointed prime minister
  • Lenin expresses doubts about weather he will live to see another revolution

    Still in exile, Lenin expresses doubts about weather he will live to see another revolution
  • A Bolshevik conference in Prague

    A Bolshevik conference in Prague rejects talk of a reunification with the Mensheviks and reconstitutes the Bolsheviks as a separate political part.
  • Rasputin leaves St Petersburg

    Rasputin leaves St Petersburg for two months after affectionate letters between him and the tsarina are leaked to the press.
  • Strikes break out the Lena River goldfields in Siberia

    Strikes break out the Lena River goldfields in Siberia chiefly over high prices and poor quality goods in the break down.
  • Lena River strikes enter their second week,

    As the Lena River strikes enter their second week, negotiations between the company and striking workers break down,
  • The Duma condemns Rasputin's behavior

    The Duma condemns Rasputin's behavior, his closeness to the royal family and his political influence
  • overnment troops arrest strike leaders in Lena River

    Government troops arrest strike leaders in Lena River, leading to workers to march en masse, Troops fie on the marchers, killing more than 200. This triggers more strikes in other parts of Russia.
  • Trotsky organizes a meeting of non-Bolshevik Social Democrats

    Trotsky organizes a meeting of non-Bolshevik Social Democrats in Vienna, another attempt to reconcile the Bolshevik and Menshevik fractions of a party.
  • Tsarevich recovers from hemophilia

    The young Tsarevich recovers from another life-threatening episode of hemophilia, with Rasputin again at his beside.
  • The opening of the Fourth Duma.

    The opening of the Fourth Duma.
  • The opening of the Fourth Duma.

    The opening of the Fourth Duma.
  • A wave of general strikes in St. Petersburg

    A wave of general strikes in St. Petersburg reaches a crescendo.
  • Franz Ferdinand is assassinated

    The Austrian archduke, Franz Ferdinand, is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarsjevo.
  • A wave of general strikes in St. Petersburg

    A wave of general strikes in St. Petersburg reaches a crescendo.
  • Government suppression

    Government suppression of striking oil workers in Baku triggers a short but intensive wave of strikes in St Petersburg, lasting almost a week,
  • Germany declares a war on Russia

    Germany declares a war on Russia, boosting patriotic fervour dampening support for socialist groups.
  • The All-Russian Zemsvo

    Prince Georgy Lvov creates the All-Russian Zemsvo for the Relief of Sick and Wounded Soldiers.
  • The Battle of Tannerbeg ends

    The Battle of Tannerbeg ends and the Russian Secondary Army is decrimated by a much smaller German force
  • St Petersburg is renamed Petograd

    St Petersburg is renamed Petograd a rejection of the Germanic connotations in its original name. .
  • The Battle of Masurian Lakes ends

    The Battle of Masurian Lakes ends with another decisive German victory and 125,000 Rusian casualities.
  • 5 Bolshevik deputies in the Duma are arrested

    The 5 Bolshevik deputies in the Duma are arrested. They are put on trial in Feburary 1915 and all are sentenced exile in Siberia.
  • Russian forces capture 120,000 Austrian soldier

    Russian forces capture 120,000 Austrian soldier in Galicia.
  • he Russian goverment forms a Central War

    The Russian goverment forms a Central War Industries Committee to address a dire shortage of rifles and other weapons.
  • Government suppression

    Government suppression of striking oil workers in Baku triggers a short but intensive wave of strikes in St Petersburg, lasting almost a week.
  • Russian forces begin retreating

    Russian forces begin retreating from Poland and Galicia in larges numbers. Most withdraw to behind Russia's borders.
  • Germany declares war on Russia

    Germany declares war on Russia, boosting patriotic fervour and dampering support for socialist groups.
  • Russia is forced to abandon the Polish capital

    Russia is forced to abandon the Polish capital Warsaw to German and Austrian troops.
  • Prince Georgy Lvov creates the All-Russian Zemstov Union

    Prince Georgy Lvov creates the All-Russian Zemstov Union for the Relief of Stick and Wounded Soldiers.
  • The Kadets

    The Kadets, Octobrists and other liberal-conservative parties from an alliance in the Duma and begin demanding political reforms.
  • The Battle of Tannenberg ends the Russian

    The Battle of Tannenberg ends the Russian Second Army is decimated by a much smaller German force.
  • St Petersburg in renamed Petrograd

    St Petersburg in renamed Petrograd, a rejection of the Germanic connotations in its original name.
  • The Tsar prorogues the hostile Duma

    The Tsar prorogues the hostile Duma. He also assumes control of the military and departs Petrograd for the army headquarters at Mogilev.
  • Duma reconvenes in Petrograd.

    The Duma reconvenes in Petrograd.
  • The government conscripts striking workers

    The government conscripts striking workers at the Putilov steel factory and takes charge of production there.
  • Nicholas orders the temporary dissolution of the Duma.

    On advice from Rasputin and on advice from Rasputin and the Tsarina, Nicholas orders the temporary dissolution of the Duma.
  • The ultra-conservative Alexander Protopopov is appointed interior minister,

    The ultra-conservative Alexander Protopopov is appointed interior minister, at the behest of the tsarina and Rasputin.
  • The Duma is reconvened

    The Duma is reconvened and immediately calls for an overhaul of the Tsarist government.
  • Rasputin is assassinated

    Rasputin is assassinated by three conspirators which is led by Prince Felix Yusopov, who are concerned about his impact on the Tsarist regime.
  • The Tsar is warned by his advisors

    The Tsar is warned by his advisors that the army would no longer support him if there was a revolution.
  • 12th anniversity of Bloody Sunday

    More than 140,000 Russian workers strike in commenmoration of the 12th anniversity of Bloody Sunday.
  • Duma attacks government

    More than 100,000 workers are still on strike and the Duma attacks the government failing to respond to food shortages.
  • February Revolution begins

    The February Revolution begins. The Tsarist government announces food rationing, leading to panic buyig cities, where food avaliability is already critically low.
  • International Women's Day

    Marchers gathered for International Women's Day are joined by striking workers and social agitators,
  • Strikes continue to happen

    Strikes continue to expand, with more than 200,000 workers now which is leading to occasional violent clashes between protestors and police.
  • Tsar has troops kill unruly protesters

    The Tsar orders troops to fire on unruly protesters and dozens are killed. He also orders the Duma to be permananetly dissolved which was ignored.
  • Soldiers in Petrograd shoot their officers

    Two garrisons of soldiers in Petrograd shoot their officers rather rhan obey orders to fire on civilians. Mensheviks and striking workers reform to Petrograd Soviet.
  • Tsar trys to return to Petrograd

    The Tsar attempts to return to Petrograd but is delayed by railway problems in Pskov. The Duma and the Petrograd Soviet both meet to pan a cource of action.
  • Provisional Government

    The leaders of France and Britain formally recognice the Provisional Government as the official government of Russia.
  • Nicholas abdicates

    The Tsar met by the Duma's Provisional Government committee, who demand his abdication. After consulting with his generals, Nicholas abdicates in favour of his brother Michael.
  • Nicholas' brother refuses the throne

    Nicholas' borhter refuses the throne unless it is offered to him by constituent assembly elected by the people. This ends in more than 300 years of Romanov rule.
  • Provisional Government makes a set of liberal principles

    The Provisional Government issues a set of liberal principles by which it intends to govern. This includes improvements to civil rights and freedim, amnesties for politicla prisioners and the organisation of elections for a Constituent Assembly.
  • Nicohals II and family detained

    Nicholas II and his family are detained under house arrest.
  • Provisional Government issuess a decree

    The Provisional Government issuess a decree abolishing the death penalty.
  • Lenin returns to Russia

    Lenin returns to Russia with the assistance of the German goverment upon arrival he delivers a speech at Finland Station, which forms a basis of the April thesis.
  • Foreign minister Pavel Milyukov

    Foreign minister Pavel Milyukov informes the Allie by telegram that Russia intends to remain in war until its completion, The telegram is leaked to the press, sparking a large public demonstration in Petrograd.
  • Milykov resigns.

    Milykov resigns. 7 Menshevik and SR delegates join the Provisional Government, while Alexander Kerensky replaces Guckov as war minister.
  • First All-Russia

    The The first All-Russia Congress of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Soviets opens; it is dominated by Mensheviks and SR delegates.
  • Russian forces begin a massive miltary

    On Kerenrky's orders, Russian forces begin a massive miltary offensive against the Austo-Hungarians in Galicia. The offensive fails, leading to 400,000 Russian casualties.
  • First All-Russia

    The first All-Russia Congress of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Soviets opens; it is dominated by Mensheviks and SR delegates.
  • The July Days uprising

    The "July Days" uprising in Petrograd. Workers and soldiers spontaneously reolt, demanding ths Soviets or the Bolsheviks take power. Both refuse and the rebellion and both are crushed by government troops.
  • The Petrograd uprising

    The Petrograd uprising causes the liberal coalition in the Provisional Government to collapse. Kerensky becomes prime minister which leads to a cabinert filled with socialists.
  • Provisional Government reintroduces the death peanalty

    Under pressure from generals, the Provisional Government reintroduces the death peanalty for deserting or mutinying soldier at the front.
  • Kornilov replaces Brusilov

    Kornilov replaces Brusilov as commander-in-chief of the Russian Army.
  • The Kornilove affair

    The Kornilove affair in which General Kornilov declares his intention to march on Petrograd and free the country from radical socialists. He claims to have the approval of the Provisional Government, though its unclear.
  • Kornilovs plans to seize control of Petrograd

    Kornilovs plans to seize control of Petrograd stalls.
  • Strikes escalate

    Strikes escalates, 700,000 railway workers on strike; leading Bolshevikes released from prison.
  • Strikes escalate

    Strikes escalates, 700,000 railway workers on strike; leading Bolshevikes released from prison.
  • rovisional Govornment calls a conference

    Provisional Govornment calls a conference of all parties to discuss crisis; Bolsheviks delegates walk out.
  • Provisional Govornment calls a conference

    Provisional Govornment calls a conference of all parties to discuss crisis; Bolsheviks delegates walk out.
  • Bolsheiks holds a voting

    Bolsheiks holds a voting majority in the Petrograd Soviet and Trotsky elected as chairman.
  • October Revolution begins

    October Revolution begins. Bolshevik Central Committee declares that an armed upriding is inevitable. The Petrograd Soviet creates Military Revolutionary Committee.
  • Petrograd Soviet and Bolsheviks pass motions

    Petrograd Soviet and Bolsheviks pass motions for the seizure of power and debate the means by which this should be acheieved.
  • Petrograd Soviet and Bolsheviks pass motions

    Petrograd Soviet and Bolsheviks pass motions for the seizure of power and debate the means by which this should be acheieved.
  • Bolsheviks lead an uprising

    Bolsheviks lead an uprising in Tailnn, Estonia. .
  • Provisional Government troops attempt to close Bolsheviks printing presses

    Provisional Government troops attempt to close Bolsheviks printing presses which prompts the MRC to act.
  • Lenin announces that the Bolsheviks have seized power

    Lenin announces that the Bolsheviks have seized power and calls for preparation for a Soviet government. Menshevik and moderate DR delegates walk out of the Congress of Soviets.
  • The MRC arrests Provisional Government

    The MRC arrests Provisional Government members in the Winter Palace, except for Kerensky, who has fled.
  • Lenin issues the Decrees

    Eighteen hours after seizing power Lenin issues the Decree on Land and calling for the abolition of private ownership, and the Decree on peace urging an immediate ceasefire and treaty.
  • Bolshevik Red Guards win control of Moscow

    Bolshevik Red Guards win control of Moscow after a week of bitter fighting.
  • New government abolishes all Tsarist ranks, titles and privileges.

    The new government abolishes all Tsarist ranks, titles and privileges.
  • Elections for the Constituent Assembly commence.

    Elections for the Constituent Assembly commence. These elections take a week to complete and produce a voter turnout of 44 million people.
  • A Bolshevik delegation

    A Bolshevik delegation begins peace negotiations with German officers at Brest-Litovsk.
  • The Bolsheviks introduce reforms

    The Bolsheviks introduce reforms to private property ownership, marriage, and divorce laws and the legal status of women.
  • New government forms the Vesenkha

    The new government forms the Vesenkha, the Supreme Soviet of the National Economy.
  • Lenin decrees the formation of the CHEKA

    Lenin decrees the formation of the CHEKA, a small agency led by Dzerzhinsky and tasked with combating counter-revolutionary activity. It begin with 26 agents.
  • Members of the Left SRs are admitted to Sovnarkom

    Members of the Left SRs are admitted to Sovnarkom, the executive government body of the new government. .
  • Newly Elected Constituent

    The newly elected Constituent Assembly convernses with an SR majority and Lenin orders the Red Guards to close the assembly after just a few hours of discussion.
  • Third Congress meets and make a new constitution

    The third Congress of Soviet meets, adopts a new constitution and a federation of all active soviets.
  • Bosheviks adopt Gregorian calendar

    The Bosheviks adopt the Gregorian calendar, bringing Russia in line with the rest of Europe.
  • Bolshevik enforces the separation of church and state

    Bolsheviks edicts enforce the separation of church and state, religious worships becomes a matter of choice.
  • Germany launches invasion of Russua.

    The lack of progress in treaty negotiations at Brest-Litovsk prompts Germany to launch an invasion of Russia.
  • Trotsky signs Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Trotsky signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russia's invovement in World War 1 and surrending large amounts of land, people and natural resources to the Germans.
  • Congress of Soviets

    The Congress of Soviets narrowly ratifies the Treaty of Best-Litovsk, though the Left SRs oppose this and leave in protest
  • Formation of the Red Army

    The official formation of the Red Army and Trotksy is appointed war commissar.
  • Bolshevik name change

    The Bolshevike party changed its official name to the Russian Communist Party.
  • Tsarist general is killed

    The Tsarist General Komilov, while leading guerrilla against Bolshevik positions, is killed by an artillery shell.
  • Intervention in the Russian Civil War

    British and French troops land in outlying port cities, the first instances of foregin intervention in the Russian Civil War.
  • Protesting about food shortages

    Bolshevik teoops in Kolpino open fire on workers striking protesting about food shortage.
  • Czech Legion trying to remove Soviet government

    A 30,000-strong Czech Legion, making its way through Russia, joins counter-revolutionaries determines to remvoe the Soviet government.
  • End to Bolsheviks control in rural areas

    The Czech Legion, along with SRs and other White forces, put an end to Bolshevike control in many rural areas.
  • Versenkha announces policy of war communism

    Vesenkha, the Soviet economic committee announces its policy of war communism.
  • Mirbach is assassinated

    Mirbach the German ambassador is assassianted by a member of the left SRs.
  • Left SRs attempt rebellion in Moscow

    A 2,000-stronfgband on Left SRs attempt an October-rebellion in Moscow but are soon defeated and arreseted.
  • CHEKA executes Left SRs

    The CHEKA, now numbering more than 10,00 personnel, respond to the Moscow uprising by purging and executing Left SRs.
  • Romanov family shot by CHEKA

    The Romanov family and thei entourage are shot by a local CHEKA detachment while under house arrest in Ekaterinburg.
  • Lenin executes hundreds of kulaks

    Lenin issues his famous hanging order, demanding that the public execute hundreds of kulaks in Penza.
  • Head of CHEKA is assassinated

    Uritsky the head of Petrograd CHEKA is assassinated as an act of retaliation for violence and killings caried out by the Bolsheviks.
  • Assassination attempt by Fanya

    An assassination attempt by Fanya Kapian who was a member of the Socialist-Revolutionaries, which leaves Lenin seriously wounded.
  • Kolchak takes control of Siberia

    The White commander Kolchak establishes control of SIberia.
  • Beginning of Prodrazvyorstka

    The Sovnarkon family announces the beginning of prodeazyorstka which is compulsory grain requistioning.
  • The soviet policy

    The Soviet policy of war communist triggers sporadic peasant rebellions in central Russia.
  • The Mensheviks are granted a legal status

    The Mensheviks are granted legal status as an official party and are allowed to publish a newspaper.
  • CHEKA closes down the Menshevik

    The CHEKA closes down the Menshevik newspaper after it publishes strong criticism of Bolshevik policy.
  • Third Communist Internatiol is convened

    The third Communist international, or Cominte,, is convened in Moscow, with a mission to aid and advance the cause of world revolution.
  • Declare a workers soviet replubic

    Socialist revolutionaries declare a workers soviet replubic in Hungary; it lasts until Auguts before dispersed.
  • Launch pogroms against Jews

    Green Army commander Grigoriev captures a central region of Ukraine, where he launches pogroms against local Jews.
  • Finland declares war on Bolshevik

    Finland declares war on the Boishevik regime in Russia
  • Bolshevik execute minor royals

    The Bosheviks execute minor royals who like the Romanovd, had been under sreest since 1917 .
  • White general launches an assault on Petrograd

    The White general Yudenich launches an assault on Petrograd that almost succeeds in capturing the city which was a critical point in the Civil War.
  • Yudenich's forces are pushed back

    Yudenich's forces are pushed back by Red Army reinforcements and take refugess in Estonia.
  • White Army kills Kclchak

    White army commander of Kolchak's is captured and executed.
  • Bolshevik peace offer to US rejected

    The Bolshevik government makes an offer of peace to the US but this is rejected.
  • Yudenichs White Army evacuated

    Yudenich's White Army is evacuated from Estonia by Britain shipping.
  • Fighting intensifies in Poland

    Fighting intensifies in Poland, where the Poles drive back the Red Army and reclaim more territory.
  • White Army flees Russia

    White army commander Denkin passes control to General Wrangel and flees to Russia via the Black Sea.
  • Mountain Replubics are overran by the Red Army

    The "mountain replubics" of Chechnya, Ossetia and Dagestan are overrun by the Red Army.
  • Beginging of the peasanr insurrection

    The beginning of the peasant insurrection in Tambov Antonov's Blue Army.
  • Death of Inessa Armand

    The death of Inessa Armand and his confidante and possibly lover leaves Lenin striken with grief.
  • Treaty of Riga

    The Treaty of Riga brings most fighting in the Russo-Polish War to a halt.
  • White Army evacuates via the Black Sea

    General Wrangel's White Army, under siege from the Reds in Crimea, evacuates via the Black Sea.
  • Major fighting in Civil War are concluded

    Most major fighting in the Civil War are concluded, though localised skimishes and peasant uprisings still continues.
  • Tambov attacks Bolshevik leaders

    The Tambov peasant leaser, Antonoy, now commands a forcie in excess of 20.000 with which he attacks Bolshevik positions.
  • Alexander Shlyapnikov publishes an article in Prvav

    Alexander publishes an article in the Prvada, in which he summarises the ideas and perspective of the "Workers" Oppositons.
  • Sailors vote on rules for their own soviet

    Rebellious sailors in Kronstadt meet and vote fo form their own soviet and are going to call ig "Soviets without Bolsheviks." They make a list of 15 demands for the national government and ready themselves to fight against the Red Army.
  • Red Army arrext the rebel saliors

    Red Army troops enter the street of Kronstadt and arrest the last rebel sailors.
  • Britain signs an agreement with Russia

    Britain signs a bilateral trading agreement with Russia; other nations also lift trading blockades.
  • The rebellions in the Tamboz are suppressed by the Red Army

    The rebellions in the Tamboz in are finally suppresses, after the massive injection of the Red Army troops.
  • Maxim Gorky makes a plea for famine aid

    The writer Maxim Gorky makes a worldwide plea for famine aid, declaring millions of Russian lives to be in danger.
  • American famine relief

    An group of American famine relief agrees to distribute millions of tons of grain in Russia.
  • The Soviet Government replacement

    The Soviet government replaces the CHEKA with a new security agency, the OCPU, which is also headed by Dzerhinkey.
  • Lenin announces the LEP

    AT the tenth Party of Congress of the Communist Party, Lenin announces the New Economic Policy and demands an end to factionalism in the party.
  • Lenin gets bullet removed from attempt assassination

    Doctors operate on Lenin's neck to remove a bullet still odged in there since the attempt assassination in August 1918.
  • Communist Party of the Soveit Union

    Joseph Stalin is appointed to General Secretary of the CSPU.
  • Lenin's first stroke

    Lenin suffers the first of several strokes.
  • Lenin proclaims the Union of Soviert Socialist Replubics

    Lnenin proclaim the Union of the Soviet Socialist Replubics, a federation of all soviet states.
  • Lenin gives his political testament

    Lenin sictates his "political testament," which is a series of letters containing his views about the fututr of Soviet Russia, the Communist Party and is potential leaders.
  • Lenin and Stalin relationship ends

    The relationship between Lenin and Stalin breaks down after Stalin is rude and insulting to Krupskaya, Lenins wife.
  • Lenine suffers a 3rd stroke

    Lenin suffers a third stroke that leaves him paralyzed and barely able to speak.
  • Lenin's last article

    Lenin's last article, on the development of the Soviet bureauracy, appears in the communist newspaper Pravda.
  • Lenin is removed from a party

    Lenin is removed to a party sanitorium at Gorki, with Stalin given responsibility for attending to his security, medical needs and well-being.
  • American charitable ends famine relief

    American charitable organisms end famine relief to Russia, after they discover the Soviert government is exporting grain aboard.
  • Purge

    Two secret factories within the Communist Party, the "Work'ers Group" and the "Workters Truth" are discovere and purged..
  • A troika of Politiburo members

    A troika of Politiburo members ,Stalin, Kamenev, and Zinoviev, emerges as a controlling faction.
  • Scissorcs crisis

    The "scissors crisis" A gross difference in between the avaliablity and prices of agricultural and manufactored goods, reaches its peak.
  • Letter to CPSU

    In a letter to the thw Politburo, 46 leading Bolsheviks criticise the growing lack of democracy in rhe CPSU.
  • End of Russian Revolution

    Lenin passes away after a fourth severe stroke. Later he was embalmed and preserved in a mausoleum in Red Square, while the city of Petrograd is renamed Leningrad in his honour.
  • USSR

    The USSR is formally recognised by Great Britain and other Commonwealth nations.