Russian Revolution, Lenin, and Civil War

  • The Revolution of 1905

    The Revolution of 1905
    The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a popular movement that persuaded Tsar Nicholas II to try to change Russia's government from an autocracy to a constitutional monarchy. Its mean was to dissolve the Tsarist regime currently led by Tsar Nicholas II. The 1905 Revolution is depicted in this image, which contrasts the regimented Russian military with the disorderly, yet confined Russian population.
  • The October Manifesto

    The October Manifesto
    Nicholas II released the October Manifesto, which set forth essential freedom rights but was never implemented. This sparked more citizen uprisings, as it demonstrated that the tsar was doing little to aid them. The artwork illustrates the inhabitants of Russia's strong and demanding views toward change, highlighting how enraged they are when the manifesto fails to work.
  • Beginning of World War 1

    Beginning of World War 1
    The assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the leader of Austria-Hungary, by a Serbian terrorist cell in June 1914 prompted Germany to declare war on Serbia. It weakened Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey, leading to Russia's Bolshevik Revolution. The artwork depicts the onset of WWI as main proof of the soldiers on the frontlines in Russia. It's also a representation of how nervous/young the troops were at the time, illustrating the futility of the battle.
  • Czar Nicholas II takes sole control of military operations

    Czar Nicholas II takes sole control of military operations
    During WW1, the Czar would be called to Russia, leaving the administration in the hands of the disorganized Dumas. The absence of the Czar caused concern in the Russian government, resulting in asocial unrest and the final resignation of the Czar. The artwork represents the Czar's confidence in heading to the front lines; it displays how he was striving to deliver triumph to Russia but would fail since he couldn't control the government while fighting.
  • Brusilov Offensive

    Brusilov Offensive
    The Brusilov Offensive was a World War I operation that took place on the Eastern Front. It was dubbed the worst crisis of WWI since it resulted in numerous fatalities and deaths. This attack was notable since it was one of Russia's rare triumphs.
    Because of the large number of losses and deaths, this image is essential in symbolizing the Brusilov Offensive.
  • Assassination of Rasputin

    Assassination of Rasputin
    Nobles, church leaders, and peasants were enraged by Rasputin's overwhelming influence over the royal family, who considered him as a religious charlatan. Rasputin was slain by Russian aristocrats who wanted to put an end to his power. After being unsuccessfully poisoned, shot three times, and beaten, he drowned.This image is essential to Rasputin's assassination because it displays the ideals that society was conspiring against him, and it strikes him at his most vulnerable time.
  • International Women’s Day March in Petrograd

    International Women’s Day March in Petrograd
    On March 8th, 1917, an international women's march in the streets of Petrograd transformed into a general strike and insurrection in the demand for peace and food from their hard sacrificial work in the factories, kicking off the trip to overthrow the Tsar. This photograph was chosen because it highlights the large number of women who attended the march and demonstrates the level of support that women had at the time and would continue to have throughout the revolution.
  • Nicholas II Abdicates

    Nicholas II Abdicates
    Czar Nicholas II was forced to abandon his throne during the March Revolutions. Citizens were enraged by the tsar's recent (WWII) and previous acts (Bloody Sunday and the Russo-Japanese War) The Duma formed a provisional administration following the Czar's abdication. This photograph was chosen because it demonstrates the magnitude of the incident, which made international headlines, even in the United States.
  • Provisional Government formed

     Provisional Government formed
    With the abrupt and unexpected dissolution of the Tsardom, a provisional government was formed, led by the State Duma and a smaller zemstvo system, which was previously politically outdated. This photograph was chosen because it is important original evidence documenting the first meeting of the temporary government's abdicated leaders with one another seated.
  • Return of Lenin from exile

     Return of Lenin from exile
    Lenin and his supporters return from exile with the assistance of German spies. Lenin takes use of the new government's opportunity to gain popular support for communism. This snapshot depicts Lenin's reception upon his homecoming, as well as the lower classes' openness to Marxism.
  • April Theses published

     April Theses published
    The April Theses, written by Vladimir Lenin and published on April 17, 1917, comprise ten points, including a denunciation of the provisional government, a demand for a socialist revolution, and the activities that the communist party and working class in Russia must do as a result. On April 17, 1917, at a Bolshevik Party meeting in the Tauride Palace in Petrograd, Lenin delivers his April Theses as depicted in the photos
  • Brusilov Offensive

    Brusilov Offensive
    During World War I, the Brusilov assault, often known as the "June advance," was the Russian Empire's greatest military achievement and one of the most devastating offensives in history.The image was chosen because it is crucial in terms of portraying the Brusivol Offensive in a major light. Their attacking line clearly featured a big number of horses and men who were confident in their approach.
  • First All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets

    First All-Russian Congress of Soviets meets
    The First All-Russian Congress of Soviets was the first national assembly to debate the execution of social, economic, and political policies and decisions. It was attended by both national delegates and representatives from the lower classes. A session of the Congress is being held in this image, signaling the start of a new era of economic, social, and political reform and unification for Russia.
  • July Days

    July Days
    Growing hostility to Russia's engagement in the war, a significant attack in Galicia, and the government's collapse spurred the July Days revolt of workers and soldiers against the Provisional Government.The significance of this photograph in presenting original evidence on the July Days is obvious. It shows a spontaneous revolt of workers against the government, as well as the strategy they used to achieve success.
  • Kornilov Affair

    Kornilov Affair
    Lavr Kornilov was against the Petrograd Soviet's collapse of discipline inside the army when he returned from the Hungarian prisoner-of-war camp. Kornilov gathered recruits and ordered a march on Petrograd on August 27th, which would endure until September 13th. The Bolsheviks emerged victorious from this uprising. This image mimics the massing of soldiers and the amount of armament required to illustrate the government's oppression. It's crucial to use weaponry to convey the stakes.
  • Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd

    Trotsky organizes Red Guard to defend Petrograd
    When Tsar Nicholas II abdicated, Leon Trotsky formed the Red Guard to protect the regime that took his place. In November 1917, the Red Guard was employed to wrest authority from the Provisional Government. This date is highly arbitrary because it is based on the formation of the Committee for Counterrevolutionary Struggle. Trotsky is shown alongside the Red Guard, demonstrating that he wielded influence throughout the country through the army.
  • Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control

    Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government and take control
    On November 7th, the Bolsheviks began a coup to topple the Provisional Government, which became known as the October Revolution. The Bolsheviks gained control of the government and the preponderance of authority from this point forward. Their goal was to make Russia a better place for the majority of the population.The coup during the October Revolution is shown in this painting. It demonstrates how a number of people are working together to destabilize the Provisional Government.
  • Cheka formed - secret Bolshevik police, used to threaten and coerce citizens

    Cheka formed - secret Bolshevik police, used to threaten and coerce citizens
    The Cheka was a secret police organization founded by Vladimir Lenin goal of eliminating political opposition and establishing authority via force and terror. This image illustrates Cheka's unjust, nasty character and acts, or at least how many people saw them to be. It demonstrates how the Cheka was created only to assassinate individuals who resisted Lenin in order to maintain his rule, with little regard for lives lost or violence perpetrated as long as control was maintained.
  • Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded

    Constituent Assembly meets and is disbanded
    After Russian Civilians indicated their desire for reform, an assembly was formed to rebuild the Russian Constitution. After the Bolsheviks lost an election to govern the Assembly, Vladimir Lenin used force to bring the assembly to a halt. This image depicts Lenin's overarching force at constituent assembly, he is portrayed on the center stage because it demonstrates how Lenin never intended for an election to take place since he would have grabbed power regardless of the outcome.
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

     Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    The Treaty of Versailles was signed between the new Bolshevik government and Central European nations, thereby ending Russia's involvement in World War I. Ukraine, Finland, and Georgia gained independence, and new territorial agreements with the Baltic nations and Austria-Hungary were made.
    The delegates at the Brest-Litovsk Treaties of 1918, which ended Russia's overall participation in the Great War, are shown in this photograph, which is essential to our timeline.
  • Wartime Communism created

    Wartime Communism created
    Wartime Communism was an economic system in which the Bolshevik government imposed strong economic and political control over its inhabitants in order to provide the resources required by the Reds to win the Russian Civil War. This photograph depicts Russian civilians working as a military official looks on. This exemplifies the harsh conditions of Wartime Communism, in which the government had complete control over every citizen's actions unless they were in the military.
  • Red Terror

     Red Terror
    The Bolsheviks used the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police, to carry out a campaign of political persecution and executions known as the Red Terror. The Bolsheviks launched a campaign of intimidation, arrests, assaults, and killings known as the Red Terror.This photograph is crucial in our chronology because it depicts the Red Army driving through cities in a truck loaded with armaments, terrorizing foes.
  • Ukraine brought under Soviet control

     Ukraine brought under Soviet control
    Following the tsar's resignation in 1917, many Soviet organisations developed in Ukraine. However, Ukraine did not become an official and founding member of the Soviet Union until 1919, when the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic was established following the Ukrainian-Soviet War. The flag of Soviet Ukraine is seen in this image. Despite the fact that the Ukrainian flag has always had a blue and yellow pattern, Soviet rule was all-encompassing, and the ancient design was totally covered.
  • Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia

    Kolchak (one of the White leaders) begins serious attacks against Reds from Siberia
    During the Russian Civil War, Kolchak, a significant military leader representing the whites, organized a series of large raids against the Reds from Siberia. During the Russian Civil War, Kolchak inspects his men in this photograph. This image depicts Kolchak's dominance and influence over the whites, which many people do not see as such. It illustrates how prominent he was compared to other generals.
  • Poles move toward Kiev

    Poles move toward Kiev
    The upheavals in Russia diverted Leon Trotsky's attention away from Ukraine, leaving it vulnerable. Piludsky was able to recruit 65,000 Polish and 15,000 Ukrainian forces to conduct a Kiev Expedition as a result of this. Overall, Symyon Petliura's battle to keep Ukraine independent has had a big impact. The image depicts the terrible weaponry sent to Kiev, indicating that the march into Kiev required precise organization and time.
  • Soviets attempt to take Warsaw

    Soviets attempt to take Warsaw
    This period is known as the Battle of Warsaw, and it marks the point in the Polish-Soviet War when Poland, on the approach of ultimate defeat, resisted and destroyed the Red Army.This photograph is essential to our chronology because it displays Antonio Antonov, one of the leaders of the Tambov revolt in 1920, as well as his employees, proving its chronological importance.
  • Tambov Rebellion

     Tambov Rebellion
    During the Russian Civil War, a peasant revolt confronted the Bolsheviks. It began as a guerilla battle against the Red Army, the Cheka, and the Soviet Russian authorities, and evolved into a guerrilla war against the Red Army, Cheka, and the Soviet Russian authorities.This photograph is essential to our chronology because it displays Antonio Antonov, one of the leaders of the Tambov insurrection in 1920, as well as his employees, proving its chronological importance.
  • Kronstadt Uprising

    Kronstadt Uprising
    In the Russian SFSR port city of Kronstadt, Soviet sailors, soldiers, and citizens revolted against the Bolshevik government. Rebels in Kronstadt's naval citadel rose up in order to assist in the consolidation. This photograph is crucial to our chronology because it depicts the instability that existed throughout the revolt, as an opposition fighting against the Bolshevik regime couldn't be confident of being killed in a timely way owing to the Bolsheviks' dominance.
  • Ending of Wartime Communism

    Ending of Wartime Communism
    After the Civil War, Lenin chose to replace War Communism with the New Economic Policy due to the shortage of food production created by War Communism and the famine it produced in 1921.
    If further information is required, please include the following: The image depicts Lenin as a hero who replaced War Communism with the NEP and made the people joyful by resolving the economy's food shortage.
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    In April 1922, Germany signed a secret contract with the United States. It was decided that Russia and Germany would eliminate their debts, enhance commerce, and cooperate militarily. The deal was aided by Gerogi Chicherin. The photo depicts the customary agreement reached between authorities in order for the treaty to be signed. Represents the nations in international affairs.
  • Formation of Soviet Union

    Formation of Soviet Union
    From 1922 until 1991, a communist regime covered Eurasia. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, ousted the Provisional Government that had previously overthrown the Russian Empire's Romanov family in the October Revolution of 1917, giving birth to the Soviet Union. This photograph is noteworth because it portrays the formation of the Soviet Union in 1922 by showing participants signing the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, announcing the USSR's entry into society and the globe.
  • Lenin Dies

    Lenin Dies
    At the age of 54, Vladimir Lenin died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Lenin gave up his law practice to focus on Marxist research and the incitement of revolutionary movement among Russian workers.
    Rationale: This photograph is noteworthy in our timeline because it represents Lenin in his final moments as president of the Soviet Union's government, as well as his overall notable stature as a Marxist in Russia, before his untimely death at the age of 54.