Russian Revolution

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  • Decembrist Revolt

    Decembrist Revolt
    Who, What, Where:
    - Staged in imperial Russia by army officers who led a group of approximately 3,000 Russian soldier rebels
    - Decembrists had a desire for greater freedom; also reflected the peoples' desire for greater control in governing their own affairs
    - The Decembrists were brutally repressed by the Tsar, Nicholas I
    Consequences: 289 Decembrists were tried; five were executed, 31 imprisoned, and the rest banished to Siberia
  • Emancipation of the Serfs

    Emancipation of the Serfs
    Who, What, Where: The first and most important of liberal reform under Alexander II; the reform amounted to the liquidation of serf dependence previously suffered by peasants; 23 million + people got their liberty; liberal politicans- Nikolay Milyutin, Alexei Strol'man and Yakov Rostovtsev- stood behind this manifesto
    Causes: defeat in the Crimean War; it was the result due to the changing attitudes toward liberalism in Russia
    Consequences: serfdom was abolished, 23 million + gained liberty
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Who, What, Where: Signaled the start of the Revolution of 1905; the Assembly of Russian workers (110,000 + workers) went on strike; Father George Gapon made a petition outlining the workers' suffering and demands; a petition was held, which was attacked by the police and Cossacks
    Causes: Russian workers were fed up with long hours and decreased pay; a mass petition led to the attack of Bloody Sunday
    Consequences: Over 100 workers were killed, 300 injured; began the Revolution of 1905
  • Revolution of 1905

    Revolution of 1905
    Who, What, Where: Revolutionary unrest in the Russia empire that was somewhat directed towards the government; included terrorism, worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies
    Causes: Russo-Japanese War and Bloody Sunday; loss of authority of the Tsar
    Consequences: Resulted in the establishment of limited constitutional monarchy, the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the multi-party system, and the Russian Constitution of 1906
  • Russia Enters WWI

    Russia Enters WWI
    Who, What, Where: Russian entered World War I in order to help defend Siberia; called for social revolution; Nicholas II did not have much of a decision in entering the war
    Causes: Siberia, a Russian ally, was attacked and accused of assassination by Austria-Hungary;
    Russia had made itself the guardian of all Slavic and Eastern Orthodox people
    Consequences: Entrance in the war helped speed up the demise of the tsarist regime and paved the way for the Revolution of 1917
  • Rasputin Murdered

    Rasputin Murdered
    Who, What, Where: Nobles were concerned that Rasputin was influencing the decisions of the Empress Alexandra while Tsar Nicholas II was at the front; he was shot 3 times and thrown into a river before they had killed him
    Causes: Peasants saw Rasputin as “the dark force” that was ruining Mother Theresa; rumors said that Rasputin was going to impact the Imperial family
    Consequences: Rasputin's predictions of Nicholas II losing Tsardom and his family being killed came true
  • March Revolution

    March Revolution
    Who, What, Where: Resulting from much discontent in Russia; the Duma disobeying Nicholas II is said to be the first act of the Russian Revolution; Signs that said "Down with the Tsar" and "Down with the war" were displayed
    Causes: Discontent in Russia, particularly starting with the workers’ protests; tons of Russia joined the cause, even military officers
    Consequences: Tsar Nicholas II was turned against and lost his tsardom
  • Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates

    Tsar Nicholas II Abdicates
    Who, What, Where: Nicholas II was a weak ruler; he hired a secret police to help him control the country; their brutality turned many against Nicholas and he was eventually forced to abdicate
    Causes: Many blamed Nicholas II for the country’s lead downhill; Nicholas was seen as not having the qualities of a good leader; World War I
    Consequences: Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
    Who, What, Where: Trotsky planned the revolution; the government could not do anything about it because they were weak; Trotsky and the Red Army seized railroad stations and telephones; Bolsheviks had taken over Petrograd and eventually Russia
    Causes: Russia was in ruins; failure of the Provisional Government; the Appeal of the Bolshevik Party
    Consequences: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; Bolsheviks gained control of Russia
  • Murder of the Romanovs

    Murder of the Romanovs
    Who, What, Where: Tsar Nicholas II and his family were executed on the night of July 16, 1918 in Yekaterinburg, Russia; Yurovsky organized the kill and announced the Ural Executive Committee's decision to execute the Romanovs while they were in the basement; their bodies were disposed in the woods
    Causes: After vast failure to be a leader by Nicholas II, the Ural Executive Committee decided to kill the Romanovs
    Consequences: 11 people died, all related to the Romanovs in some way
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    Who, What, Where: The treaty was a peace settlement signed after World War I between Germany and the Allies; the Big Three contained David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson, who decided what the treaty should contain
    Causes: World War I; the deaths of millions of soldiers had swept the land
    Consequences: Land was taken from Germany and they had to pay reparations; signaled isolation for Germany
  • USSR Formed

    USSR Formed
    Who, What, Where: Russia and its old tsarist empire was renamed the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics; began with Russia and three other republics: Belorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Republic;
    Causes: The USSR grew in the wake of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution led by Vladimir Lenin
    Consequences: instituted “five-year plans” designed to advance industrialization and build the USSR into a world power; The USSR existed until 1991 and was replaced with the Commonwealth of Independent State
  • Lenin Dies

    Lenin Dies
    Who, What, Where: Lenin was already not in the best health due to intolerable strains; Lenin had a stroke in 1922 and after his third stroke in 1923 he was bedridden; he later died of cerebral arteriosclerosis after his fourth stroke
    Cause: Lenin suffered from four strokes; he previously was shot and also suffered from war damages; syphilis is also a debating factor
    Consequences: the uprising of Stalin
  • Stalin Takes Power

    Stalin Takes Power
    Who, What, Where: Most thought Trotsky would take power after Lenin’s death; Stalin was made General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922; no one liked Trotsky; Many would say that Stalin secretly snuck his way into power
    Causes: The previous leader, Lenin, had died in 1922 of a heart attack; Stalin was very sneaky and sucked-up to Lenin near the time of his death
    Consequences: The rule of Stalin eventually led to a large economic boom
  • Death of Trotsky

    Death of Trotsky
    Who, What, Where: Attacked by Franck Johnson, a French Jew; He is alleged to have attacked Trotsky suddenly, battering his skull and injuring his right shoulder and right knee; he was assassinated by an ice ax in mexico
    Causes: Trotsky was said to be attacked suddenly by Franck Johnson and borderline beaten to death
    Consequences: Trotsky died