Russia to 1941

  • March 1917 Revolution

    March 1917 Revolution
    Key Players - Tsar Nicholas II, Peasants
    First of two revolutions in Russia 1917. Happened in then capital Petrograd. Army turned on the Tsar. Significance
    -Resulted in establishment of Provisional Government because the Tsar abdicates,
  • Period: to

    Russia to 1941

  • Provisional Government

    Provisional Government
    Key Players - Lvov, Kerensky
    Provisional Government was established by the State Duma due to the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Provisional Government was unable to make decisions due to political factionism and breakdown of state structures. First ran by Lvov, then socialist Kerensky. Significance
    -The Government promised strikes to become legalized and a Constituent Assembly with universal secret ballot.
  • April Theses

    April Theses
    Key Players - Lenin
    Issued just over a month after the February Revolution resulted in the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II and the collapse of Imperial Russia. Lennin saught to return after Revolution. Germany sent Lenin back to Russia in a seal train in hopes of creating political unrest. Significance
    - The proletariat peasants to bring about the communist revolution.
    -Immediate Peace.
    - Seizure of the gentry land.
    -All power
  • Kornilov Affair

    Kornilov Affair
    Key Players - Kornilov, Kerensky
    Was an attempted coup d'état by the then Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army, General Lavr Kornilov, in August 1917 against the Russian Provisional Government headed by Alexander Kerensky. -Kornilov was removed from his position
    -Kerensky released the Bolsheviks including Trotsky
    -Severed ties between Kerensky and military
  • The October/Bolshevik Revolution

    The October/Bolshevik Revolution
    Key Players - Bolsheviks, Provisional Government, Lenin October Revolution in Petrograd which overthrough the Provisional Government and gave the power to the local soviets dominated by Bolsheviks.
  • Lenin's New Government

    Lenin's New Government
    Key Players - Lenin Lenin wanted a Government with total control, where the people would not have a chance at choosing who takes office. Promised a Constituent Assembly would be formed. Introduced the Cheka. Significance
    -Lenin had total control.
    -Checka would kill, beat, anyone who went against the Bolsheviks.
  • Russian Civil War (1917-1923)

    Russian Civil War (1917-1923)
    Key Players - Bolsheviks, Red Army (Trotsky), White Army Bolshevik Red Army fought against the White Army, Reds were the victors and Russia became a communist country. Significance
    -Russia became communist
    -Lennin held power
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    Key Players - Russia, Germany Treaty signed between Russia and Germany which marked Russia's exit from World War I. Significance
    -Provided relief for the Bolsheviks who were fighting a Civil War
  • War Communism

    War Communism
    Key Players - Lenin, Bolsheviks Policy adopted by the Bolsheviks with the aim of keeping towns and the Red Army supplied with weapons and food. Significance
    -Black market emerged
    -Worker strikes, rebellions
    -Refusal of co-operating to produce goods.
  • New Economic Policy

    New Economic Policy
    Key Players - Lenin Lenin called it State Capitalism. Allowed some private ventures to reopen for private profit while the state still had control of banks, foreign trade and large industries. Significance
    -Agriculture increased greatly
    -Farmers now had an option to sell their surplus
    -Heavy industry was growing a lot slower than agriculture
  • Treaty of Rapallo

    Treaty of Rapallo
    Key Players - Russia, Germany Germany and Russia renounced all territorial and financial claims against the other following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and World War I. Significance
    -The two governments agreed to normalise their diplomatic relations
    -To co-operate in a spirit of mutual goodwill in meeting the economic needs of both countries
  • Five Year Plans

    Five Year Plans
    Key Players - Stalin Created a series of centralized economic plans, which were based around rapid industrialization. Significance
    -Introduced Collectivization
    Elimination of the Kulaks
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    Key Players - France, United Kingdom, United States, Italy, others Was a pact mean to denounce war as a way to solve problems. Significance
    -did not work well because it was unrealistic.
  • Rapprochement

    Key Players - Russia, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Finland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, France Russia signed a non aggressions pact with Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Finland. Same with Czechoslovakia and Romania and then signed a mutual assistance pact with France.
  • Russia Joining The League Of Nations

    Russia Joining The League Of Nations
    Key Players - Russia, League of Nations Russia had a fairly stable country by 1934 and hadn't had any recent wars so they were accepted into League of Nations. Significance
    -Russia became more involved with European and World affairs again.
  • The Purges

    The Purges
    Key Players - Stalin Joseph Stalin arrests and executes any people who apposed or threaten him. Approximately 8-10 million people had been killed. Significance
    -Showed the ruthless extent of Joseph Stalin.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Key Players - Hitler and Stalin Pact that stated that if either countries became involved with war, both would stay on neutral terms with one another. Significance
    Hitler eventually goes against the pact and invades Russia but the pact provided more time for Russia to prepare for it.