Ottoman Empire

Timeline created by david0318
In History
  • 1299

    Beginning

    Beginning
    Osman i, a Turkish leader who controlled small parts in the Northwest of Anatolia, would found the Ottoman Empire. This empire would first consist of him and his Turkish tribe. Image link:
    http://i-cias.com/e.o/s01-osman1.htm
  • 1299

    Introduction

    The purpose of this timeline is to show important facts about the Ottoman Empire. It includes the beginning, important events that happened during the rule of the empire, and how it ended.
  • May 29, 1453

    One Empire Falls, Another One Grows

    One Empire Falls, Another One Grows
    The Ottomans traveled to Constantinople, a city located in the Byzantine Empire. While the city didn't fall at the beginning of the battle, with the help of Mehmed the Conqueror and his soldiers, the city fell, thus bringing the empire down. Image link:
    https://greekcitytimes.com/2020/05/29/on-this-day-may-29-1453-the-fall-of-constantinople/
  • 1520

    A Powerful Ruler

    A Powerful Ruler
    Suleiman the Magnificent took over as Emperor of the Ottoman Empire, and the dynasty would grow under his rule. Image Link:
    http://factsanddetails.com/asian/cat65/sub424/item2683.html
  • 1526

    Battle of Mohács

    Battle of Mohács
    This battle was between the Ottomans and the Kindom of Hungary. Emperor Suleiman and his forces were able to defeat the Kingdom, resulting in the Kingdom's end. Image link:
    https://www.warhistoryonline.com/history/battle-mohacs-ottoman-victory-divided-hungary.html
  • 1529

    Siege of Vienna Attempt

    Siege of Vienna Attempt
    The Ottomans traveled to Vienna, the capital of the Habsburg Empire, hoping to expand their territory. However, this siege attempt failed due to a combination of weather and exhaustion.
  • 1566

    A New Emperor

    A New Emperor
    Suleiman the Magnificent passes away due to natural causes, He was then succeeded by his son Selim ii. At the end of Suleiman's reign, the Ottoman Empire became the most powerful empire in Eastern-Asia. Image link:
    https://abdulmunimraad.wordpress.com/2016/06/02/true-sultan-sultan-selim-ii-the-conqueror-of-cyprus/
  • Battle of Vienna

    Battle of Vienna
    The Ottomans did another attempt to invade Vienna and get rid of the Habsburg Empire. However, Vienna had support from German and Polish armies led by Polish King Jan iii Sobieski. The Ottomans lost and retreated. Image link:
    https://poland.pl/history/history-poland/battle-vienna/
  • Beginning of The End

    After the defeat from the battle of Vienna, the Ottomans were forced to sign a treaty with the Habsburg Empire called the Treaty of Karlowitz. This resulted in the loss of Ottoman territory in the Balkins, and the beginning of the Empire's downfall.
  • Call for Change

    A group called the Young Turks sparked a revolution in the Empire, calling for the Emperor to be replaced by a constitutional government and modernization reforms. While some change was made, nothing else was done due to WW1
  • Treaty of Sévres

    Treaty of Sévres
    The Ottoman Empire supported Germany in WW1, but Germany was defeated in the war. The Treaty of Sévres was enacted, ensuring the break up of the Empire. Image link:
    http://internationalrelations.org/treaty-of-sevres/
  • Treaty of Lausanne and The End of an Empire

    Treaty of Lausanne and The End of an Empire
    Opposition to the Treaty of Sévres emerged centering around Mustafa Kemal Pasha. This caused a three-year civil war for the independence of Turkey, eventually leading up to the formation of the Republic Of Turkey. The treaty of Lausanne was signed, official ending the Ottoman Empire. Image link:
    https://neoskosmos.com/en/119007/the-treaty-of-lausanne-shaping-hellenic-turkish-relations-since-1923/