Native Tribes

  • Jan 1, 1492

    First Europeans arrived

    . It is estimated that when the first Europeans arrived in 1492 there were 15 to 20 million Native Americans living in the land. They spoke over 1,000 languages.
  • Jul 18, 1519

    Tlaxcalans attack the Spanish

    Attacked the Spanish,but Cortes held them off with guns and and steel armour,
  • Jul 19, 1519

    Tlaxcalans form alliance with Spanish

    They both do not like the Aztecs so they form an alliance agianst the Aztec
  • Oct 14, 1519

    Cortes keeps Moctezuma hostage a week after his arrival

    Cortes took Moctezuma hostage in the palace moctezuma had provided for him. Cortes knocked down the Aztec idols and put up catholic saint. The Aztecs felt ashamed that he had let the Sapnish come in there land and knock down everything, they deserted them leaving him hostage
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Moctezuma and Cortes meet

    When they met, Moctezuma treated Cortes as if he is a god, Moctezuma was unsure if Cortes was Quetzalcoatl
  • Jun 14, 1520

    The Spanish Massacre

    06/14/1520 Thousands of Aztecs while preparing for there religious festival Cortes remained in in tenochtitlan, velazquez the spanish governor wanted to send coetes back for disobeying him. the spanish governors men had reached cortes so he had o leave for a little bit,he left one of his men in charge.Aztec begin preperation for there religous festival. The in charge man and his group came and massacred the Aztecs,they grabbed there own arms and fought back
  • Jun 15, 1520

    The spanish retreat after aztec arms

    Aztec fought so ferociously that the Spanish had to retreat to cortes's palace away from the center of the city any chance of peaceful agreement between Spanish and Aztecs were gone
  • Jun 16, 1520

    Moctezuma dies

    Cotes ordered Moctezuma to speak to his people to persude them to let the spanish return in peace but Moctezuma was majrly hurt by stomes being throne at him. he died a few days later
  • Jun 17, 1520

    The Spanish try to escape

    the Spanish try to escape from tenochtitlan but are stopped by the aztecs-later known as Noche triste spanish tried to escape in the middle of the night but the Aztecs attacked. They had attacked from all sides. Many of the Spanish were carrying gold and could not move quicly because of the added weight,so many were killed. The Spanish later reffered to thus battle as the Noche triste
  • Nov 19, 1520

    The Aztecs Begin to die from smallpox

    The Aztecs began dying from smallpox that had been brought by the Spanish. The disease had exsited in Europe for many years and they had devolped an immunity. The Aztecs were new to this disease and did not build an immune to it. Soon enough a lot of the Aztecs had died
  • Dec 20, 1520

    The Spanish form a second attack on the now weakened Aztecs

    Some members of the Aztecs had turned agianst there own people and fought them. Any way the Aztecs had to allies to support them in this battle and half of them had died due to the smallpox and fighting off the spanish became alot more diffucult!
  • Aug 13, 1521

    The last group of the Aztecs surrender

    08/13/1521All of the Aztecs had died either from the the disease or from lack of food and water that cortes would not allow in the city. The last group of the Aztecs had surrendered. The Aztec Huey tlatoani was taken as a prisoner and hung. The Great Aztecs Empire was no more
  • Feb 5, 1522

    Cortes become governor and captain-general of New Spain

    Cortes had burned down all of tenchtitlan just to make sure that nobody was hiding. Less than 3 years after he arrived, Cortes became governor and captain-general of new spain.
  • Jamestown

    In 1607, England planted 105 colonists on the coast of Virginia in a new settlement named Jamestown. Over the first decade of its existence, the colony struggled simply to survive. Despite the delivery of roughly 6000 settlers over Jamestown's first 15 years, the town counted only 1200 living residents as late as 1625. But the discovery that tobacco could be successfully grown at Jamestown and sold abroad for great profits triggered a gold rush-like boom that lasted through the 1620s
  • Slaverly

    The other crucial event that would play a role in the development of America was the arrival of Africans to Jamestown. A Dutch slave trader exchanged his cargo of Africans for food in 1619. The Africans became indentured servants, similar in legal position to many poor Englishmen who traded several years labor in exchange for passage to America. The popular conception of a racial-based slave system did not develop until the 1680's.
  • Pilgrims on the Mayflower land at Plymouth Rock

    Pilgrims on the Mayflower land at Plymouth Rock on December 21, 1620. The first words they hear were "Welcome Englishmen" by Samoset, an Abenaki Indian, who greeted them as the Pilgrims made it ashore. By the spring of 1621, 50 of the 102 colonist had died from scurvy, pneumonia, or tuberculosis.9
  • Pequot War

    1636-37. A punitive expedition against the Pequots who dominated the area between the Pequot River and the present western boundary of Rhode Island, as well as easter Long Island and Long Island Sound in reprisal for the murder of a New England trader, John Oldham led to reprisals the following spring. A Connecticut force under Capt. John Mason destroyed the main Pequot stronghold near the present village of Stoningt.
  • Native Americans warfare

    Not able, do to the number of armed indians, the french and indian wars, Te american war of independance and their conquest of the old Northwest.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 stands as the most significant event in the westward expansion of the United States and as an experiment to incorporate a substantially different culture. It was the beginning of the meeting of multi-cultural frontiers. The Louisiana Purchase changed what the United States had been and had a profound effect on what the United States would become. The new territories of the Louisiana Purchase presented a significant challenge to the primarily Anglo
  • Indian Removal Act

  • Texas War for Independence begins

    On March 1, the Convention of 1836 begins meeting to sign a new constitution and form a new government.
    On March 2, the Texas Declaration of Independence is adopted.
    On March 6, the Battle of the Alamo is lost by Texas and becomes a rallying cry for the continued struggle for indepencence.
    On March 27, the Goliad Massacre takes place in which Mexican General Santa Anna orders the execution of 400 surrendered Texans. This also becomes a rallying cry for Texas independence.
    On April 21, Texans
  • 1838-1839: The Trail of Tears

  • North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, and Idaho admission to the US. Yosemite National Park created. Wounded Knee Massacre

  • American Indians in Protest.

    In the early morning hours of November 20, 1969, 79 American Indians, including students, married couples and six children, set out to occupy Alcatraz Island. A partially-successful Coast Guard blockade prevented most of them from landing, but fourteen protesters landed on the island to begin their occupation.