By Ivan Pavlov
Dec 9, 1438
Origins of the Incan EmpireWho: The people of the Inca Religion
What: Inca oral history mentions three possible places as three caves. The center cave, Tambo Tocco, was named for Capac Tocco. The other caves were Maras Tocco and Sutic Tocco.Four brothers and four sisters stepped out of the middle cave. Out of the side caves came the people who were to be the ancestors of all the clans of the Inca people.
When: 1438 - 1533 was the timeline of the empire
Where: South - West America
Apr 15, 1450
The Battle of FormignyWho:England and France
What: Was a battle of the Hundred Years' War fought between England and France. It was a decisive victory for the French.
When: April 15, 1450
Where: Formigny, near Bayeux, France
Jan 1, 1451
Christopher Colombus arrives in the New WorldWho: Christopher Colombus
What: A storm layed waste in the sea and made the ship go off course in a good way for the Soanish people.
When: (1451-1506) arrives in the new world (Bahamas)
Where: New World (Americas)
Why: The cause of Colombus arriving in the new world was a storm that ravaged the ship off course and sooner or later he found himself in the new world. The consequence that happened was that he discoverd new materials to bring over to Europe.
May 18, 1474
Widowhood of Isabella d'EsteWho: Isabella d'Este
What: As a widow, Isabella at the age of 45 became a "devoted head of state". Her position as a Marchesa required her serious attention, therefore she was required to study the problems faced by a ruler of a city-state. To improve the well-being of her subjects she studied architecture, agriculture, and industry, and followed the principles that Niccolò Machiavelli had set forth for rulers in his book The Prince.
When: Born in May 18, 1474
Where: Ferrera, Italy
Jul 2, 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas (Signed by Spain and Portugal)Who: Spain and Portugal
What: Spain and Portugal were signing a treaty to make the newly discovered lands seperated.
When: 2 July 1494 in Spain
5 September 1494 in Portugal
Where: Archivo General de Indias (Spain)
Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal)
Why: To divide the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Portugal and the Crown of Castile. This was considered a bad consequence because of the tensions they both had and whether or not they will break the treaty.
Sep 13, 1515
Battle of MarignanoWho: France, Republic of Venice, Swiss cantons, Duchy of Milan
What: was fought during the phase of the Italian Wars (1494–1559) called the War of the League of Cambrai, between France and the Old Swiss Confederacy.. It resulted in a victory for French forces.
When: September 13-14,1515
Where: 16km southeast of Milan
Why: Though the parties reached an agreement that gave Milan back to the French, the arrival of fresh and bellicose troops from the Swiss cantons annulled the agreement. (Cause)
Jan 15, 1517
First Interactions with the Spanish (Montezuma)Who: Montezuma and the Spanish (Mainly Cortes)
What: When Cortés arrived in 1519, Moctezuma was immediately informed and he sent emissaries to meet the newcomers; As the Spaniards approached Tenochtitlan they made an alliance with the Tlaxcalteca, who were enemies of the Aztec Triple Alliance, and they helped instigate revolt in many towns under Aztec dominion.
When: 1517 - 1519
Where: San Juan de Ulúa
Why: To establish better connections for future endevours
Jul 9, 1520
Conquest of MexicoWho: Hernan Cortes
What:Cortés was in command of an expedition to explore and secure the interior of Mexico for colonization. At the last minute, due to the old argument between the two, Velázquez changed his mind and revoked Cortés's charter. He ignored the orders and, an act of open mutiny,
When: January 1518-1520
Where: Inland Mexico (Mainland)
Why: Valequaz put Cortes in command of the conquest and he later disobeyed a direect command from his officer forcing him to scuttle his own ships.
Oct 15, 1529
Turkish Seige of ViennaWho: Holy Roman Empire, Bohemia Kingdom of Bohemia, Rhinish Palatinate, Spanish Empire, Ottoman Empire, Moldavia
What: he Siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. The siege signalled the pinnacle of the Ottoman Empire's power.
Where: Vienna, Austria
Jan 8, 1531
The Spanish Conquest( A defeat for Atualpa)Who: Spanish expedition led by Francisco Pizarro
What: At that moment, Pizarro gave the signal; the Spanish infantry and cavalry came out of their hiding places and charged the unsuspecting Inca retinue, killing a great number while the rest fled in panic. Not a single Spanish soldier was killed.
When: In January of 1531
Where: The Incan Empire
Why: The Spanish wanted to finish off the Incan Empire led by the infamous Atahualpa. This is a cause of the battle as well to take control of more land
Jun 26, 1541
The Death of Francisco PizarroWho: Francisco Pizarro
What: A group of 20 heavily armed supporters of Diego Almagro II stormed Pizarro's palace, assassinated him, and then forced the terrified city council to appoint young Almagro as the new governor of Peru". Pizarro struggled to buckle on his breastplate, his defenders, including his half-brother Martin de Alcántara, were killed
When: June 26, 1541
Where: Lima, Peru
Why: The Pizarro family killed Almagro and the defeated party avenged his death with Francisco.
Nov 3, 1546
The Legacy of Sulieman IWho: Sulieman I
What: His expansion into Europe had given the Ottoman Turks a powerful presence in the European balance of power.
When: In the mid 1500's is when he created his legacy
Where: Ottoman Empire
Why: He wanted toleave a big mark when he left the earth and so he vastly increased his empire and had an abundance of food, shelter, and his people were in safe hands with the militairy. This was considered a good conseqence for the Ottoman Empire in general.
Jan 1, 1549
The Newcomers to JapanWho: Jesuits and Franciscan
What: Xavier baptized 150 japanese people to converts and even though the japaneze did not liike this at all, they had no choise in their religion
When: 1549 the missionaries landed
Why: A cause of this event would be the strong beliefs of the spanish in their christainity. It would make them blind to other religous efforts and force people to unwillingly change their beliefs.
The Dutch East India CompanyWho: Dutch Indies
What: It is often considered to have been the first multinational corporation in the world and it was the first company to issue stock. It was a powerful company, possessing quasi-governmental powers.
When: Founded in 1602
Ending of the company: Weighed down by corruption in the late 18th century, the Company went bankrupt and was formally dissolved in 1800,its possessions and the debt being taken over by the government of the Dutch Batavian Republic
Tokugawa Leyasu's New TitleWho: Tokugawa Leyasu
What: Tokugawa Ieyasu received the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yōzei.Ieyasu was 60 years old. As shogun, he used his remaining years to create and solidify the Tokugawa shogunate, which ushered in the Edo period
Why: He had outlasted all the other great men of his times: Nobunaga, Hideyoshi, Shingen, Kenshin. Which proved his power and courage to the people of his country.
The History of the Royal African CompanyWho: England
What: Its original purpose was to exploit the gold fields up the Gambia River. However, it was soon engaged in the slave trade as well as with other commodities.
Where: West Africa
Why: For England to get valuable resources such as gold and silver which allowed the economy to prosper. Also, willling to sell slaves in order to make labour easier to the English people. The consequence (bad) was the racial tensions throughout history and even today with bieng black.