The Mayans were expert builders and constructed magnificent cities which lead to their culture flourishing.
Period: 1200 BCE to 600 BCE
Even though the Olmecs were the earliest Mesoamerican civilization, their beautiful and intricate artwork skills helped them develop into an advanced empire.
Crusades in the Holy Land
Pope Urban called for the Crusades in the Holy Land against the Muslims.
Europe is a Farming Economy
Europe was still a farming economy that grew food for itself and had not experienced trade yet.
Period: 1200 to 1521
The Aztec empire's capital was Tenochtitlan and the civilization was known for its complex buildings and helpful inventions
Marco Polo travels to the East
Marco Polo travels East to Asia with his father and uncle to experience Asia goods.
The Crusades ended and Europe had still not seized the Holy Land from the Muslims.
Polo's Journey Home
Marco Polo starts his 3 and a half journey back home to Europe, taking Asia goods with him.
Polo Imprisoned and Writes His Book
Marco Polo gets captured and writes the Travels of Marco Polo about his travel to Asia experience.
Period: 1300 to
During this timespan, Europeans started to explore the outside world which helped open up their eyes to new ideas.
Period: 1400 to 1532
Unlike any other empire, the Inca were able to create a complex government, come up with a dialect, and designed a lot of helpful tools like quipu which was used to keep track of records.
Capture of the Fortress of Cueta
The Portuguese capture the Fortress of Cueta in Africa.
Founded Maderia Islands
Prince Henry funded the work of scientists which helped lead to the discovery of the Maderia Islands.
Founded Azores Islands
Prince Henry funded the work of scientist which helped lead to the discovery of the Azores Islands
First Ship Made it Around Cape
Prince Henry's ship was the first ship to successfully make it around the cape of Africa.
The Printing Press was Invented
The printing press, invented by Johann Gutenberg, helped the European people write about their journeys and learn about different lands.
Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
When Ferdinand and Isabella get married, unifying Catholic Spain.
Successfully Made it Around Tip of Africa
When Bartolomeu Días finally made it around the tip of Africa, reaching the eastern coast of South Africa.
Oct 12, 1492
Columbus' Expedition gets Financed
When Ferdinand and Isabella finally agreed to finance Columbus's expedition
Cortes Invades the Aztec
After Hernan Cortes entered Tenochtitlan, he asked the Aztec leader, Montezuma, to convert, and when he declined, Cortes attacked the Aztec and took the leader hostage.
Pizarro Invades the Inca
Pizarro invaded the Inca's land with the granted license, and after Atahualpa rejected their religion, the Spanish attacked the Inca with deadly weapons.
The Inca fall under Pizarro
After Pizarro took Atahualpa hostage, he forced him to convert to Christianity, and when he agreed, the Spanish burned him to death and conquered Inca.
Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
As a result of scholars and philosophers debating government issues from different perspectives, Thomas Hobbes wrote his book, The Leviathan in 1641.
John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
As a result of scholars and philosophers debating government issues from different perspectives, John Locke wrote, The Second Treatise on Government.
The United States declares Independence
The colonist wanted a revolution, so they wrote the Declaration of Independence from the British and established the United States of America.
France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
The French didn't like the inequality of their government, so they began the French Revolution and drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
Haiti Gains Independence
Jean-Jacques Dessalines united all colors to expel the French and with his help, the colony was declared free on November 29, 1803, and given the name of Haiti to emphasize the break with European colonialism.
Bolivar and His Soldiers Begin Venezuela’s Fight for Independence
Bolívar and his men began the Campaña Admirable by invading Venezuela to defeat the Spanish for good.
Bolivar’s Gran Columbia Gains Its Independence
After claiming more territory, Gran Colombia was created under Bolívar's new government.
Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
Martín was able to take Peru and proclaim it independent from Spain.
Mexico Gains Independence
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla creates a rebellion against the Spanish to fight for Mexico's independence that came in 1821.