Cortez montezuma mexico city

Mesoamerican History (AD) Addo Domini

  • Period: 100 to 200

    Late Pre-Classic period

  • Period: 200 to Oct 8, 600

    Early Classical Period

    the apogee of Teotihuacan in the valley of Mexico, one of the largest metropolis of the ancient world. Characteristics of this period are: diffusion of regional centers, widespread Teotihuacan-Maya political and economic connections, centralized authority. In the Maya area this period traditionally sees the erection of stone monuments (called stelae) with inscriptions about kings' lives and events.
  • 400

    Teotihuacan becomes a biggest city in the Mexican Valley

    Teotihuacan becomes a biggest city in the Mexican Valley
    Teotihuacan, the dominant city in the northern highlands of central America, introduces the god Quetzalcoatl
  • 500

    Tikal becomes the dominant power in the Mexican area

    Tikal becomes the dominant power in the Mexican area
    The temple city of Tikal is one of many Mayan city states of the Classic period
  • 500

    The Mayans made the first Chocolate drink

    The Mayans made the first Chocolate drink
    Beans are gathered by the Maya from wild cocoa trees and are probably used in a chocolate drink
  • 560

    The Sack of city of Tikal

    The city-state of Tikal is defeated by an alliance of other city-states.
  • Oct 8, 600

    Teotihuacan declines, cultural center abolished

    Teotihuacan declines, cultural center abolished
    The powerful city-state of Teotihuacan declines and is no longer a cultural center.
  • Oct 8, 600

    Rise of the Caracol city-state

    Rise of the Caracol city-state
    The city-state of Caracol becomes a major force in the land.
  • Period: Oct 8, 600 to Oct 8, 900

    Late Classic Period

    The beginning of this period is characterized by the collapse of Teotihuacan in Central Mexico and the political fragmentation and high competition among many Maya sites. The end of this period saw the disintegration of political networks and decline in population in the southern Maya lowlands, whereas many centers in the northern Maya lowlands and other areas of Mesoamerica continued to flourish afterwards.
  • Period: Oct 8, 600 to Oct 8, 900

    Ancient City falls gradualy

  • Oct 8, 625

    The Starting reign of King Pacal I the Great

    The Starting reign of King Pacal I the Great
    During the reign of King Pacal the Great's reign the city of Palenque reaches it's height of economy, power, stability, military, and prosperity.
  • Oct 8, 700

    King Itzamnaaj B'alam II or the King Shield Jaguar the great becomes the king of Yaxchilan

    King Itzamnaaj B'alam II or the King Shield Jaguar the great becomes the king of Yaxchilan
    Yaxchilan in now one of the central powers in the modern-day border of honduras and guatemala
  • Period: Oct 8, 700 to Oct 8, 900

    Terminal Classic Period

    This is the period of attested a political reorganization in the Maya lowland with a new prominence of the Northern Lowland (northern Yucatan).
  • Period: Oct 8, 700 to Oct 8, 1000

    Epic Classic Period

    New architectural styles show evidence of strong economic and ideological connection between central Mexico and northern Maya Lowlands. New economic reforms in the area.
  • Oct 8, 900

    End of Classic period: Collapse of the Low land cities, Teotihuacan falls

    End of Classic period: Collapse of the Low land cities, Teotihuacan falls
    The southern lowland cities collapse and Teotihuacan is abandoned. The reason for the collapse of the Maya Classic period is still a mystery to archeologists. This signals the end of the Classic period.
  • Period: Oct 8, 900 to Oct 8, 1250

    Early Post-Classic Age

    Intensification of trade and connection between northern Maya area and Central Mexico, warfare-related themes in arts, constellation of small, competing kingdoms throughout Mesoamerica.
  • Oct 8, 925

    The City of Chichen Itza formed

    The City of Chichen Itza formed
    The city-state of Chichen Itza becomes the most powerful city-state in the region. It will rule for the next two hundred years.
  • Oct 8, 950

    Old Capitals abandoned and new capitals formed

    Old Capitals abandoned and new capitals formed
    Toltecs move into the valley of Mexico from the north and establish a capital city at Tula.
  • Oct 8, 960

    The Reign of Quetzalcoalt begins and ruled the Great city of Yaxchilan

    The Reign of Quetzalcoalt begins and ruled the Great city of Yaxchilan
    A fair-skinned and bearded king, by the name of Quetzalcoatl, is exiled from Tula but says that he will be back in a 'One Reed' year.
  • Oct 8, 987

    Chichen Itza is conquered by the Toltecs

    Chichen Itza is conquered by the Toltecs
    The Mayan city of Chichén Itzá is captured by the Toltecs.
  • Oct 8, 1150

    Aztec tribes moves to another place to settle

    The Aztecs begin to move south from their original home, which they call Aztlan, somewhere in northern Mexico.
  • Oct 8, 1250

    Chichen Itza abandoned, for mysterious reasons, marks the end of the Early Post-Classical Age for Mesoamerica

    Chichen Itza abandoned, for mysterious reasons, marks the end of the Early Post-Classical Age for Mesoamerica
    After declining for years, Chichen Itza is abandoned.
  • Period: Oct 8, 1250 to Oct 8, 1521

    The Late-Post Classical Age or the Aztec Imperial Age

    This period is traditionally framed between the emergence of the Aztec/Mexica empire and its destruction by the Spanish conquest. Characteristics of this period are: increased militarization, competing empires across Mesoamerica, which finally became tributaries of the Aztecs (apart from the Tarascans/Purépecha of Western Mexico), intensive trades.
  • Oct 8, 1283

    City-state of Mayapan becomes the Mayan capital city

    City-state of Mayapan becomes the Mayan capital city
    The city-state of Mayapan becomes the capital city of the Maya civilization. The League of Mayapan is formed to rule the region.
  • Oct 8, 1345

    Tenochtitlan becomes the Aztec's Capital City marks the beginning of the Aztec Empire

    Tenochtitlan becomes the Aztec's Capital City marks the beginning of the Aztec Empire
    The Aztecs settle on an uninhabited island in a lake, which they name Tenochtitlan — the site of the modern Mexico City.
  • Oct 8, 1383

    Reign of Moctezuma I, golden age of Aztec

    Reign of Moctezuma I, golden age of Aztec
    Moctezuma I expanded the empire to many regions of the Mexican areas. The empire comes to the peak and the most extent
  • Oct 8, 1434

    Aztec Triple Alliance forms

    Aztec Triple Alliance forms
    The rulers of Tenochtitlan join with two other neighbouring kingdoms to form the Aztec Triple Alliance.
  • Oct 8, 1441

    Fall of the Mayapan city, and the End of the Mayan Civilizations

    Fall of the Mayapan city, and the End of the Mayan Civilizations
    The people rebel against the rule of Mayapan. The city is abandoned by the late 1400s
  • Oct 8, 1487

    Tenochtitlan city formed the biggest pyramid for sacrafices.

    Tenochtitlan city formed the biggest pyramid for sacrafices.
    When the enlarged pyramid at Tenochtitlan is dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sacrifice of human victims lasts for four days
  • Oct 8, 1513

    The Spanish lands on the coast of the Oaxaca

    The Spanish lands on the coast of the Oaxaca
    Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches the Pacific coast and claims the ocean for the king of Spain.
  • Oct 8, 1519

    The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez begins his conquering campaign in Mexico.

    The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez begins his conquering campaign in Mexico.
    The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes lands on the coast of Mexico with 600 men, 16 horses and about 20 guns.
  • Oct 8, 1520

    Hernando Cortez failed his first attempt on taking Tenochtitlan

    Hernando Cortez failed his first attempt on taking Tenochtitlan
    Cortes loses control of Tenochtitlan and has to escape in haste with his men during 'the Sorrowful Night.'
  • Oct 8, 1521

    Tenochtitlan captured, end of the Aztec empire, beginning of the Colonial Age in Mexico

    Tenochtitlan captured, end of the Aztec empire, beginning of the Colonial Age in Mexico