Aztec & Spanish Timeline

  • Apr 29, 1299

    Aztec find land

    They start to look for land, they settled by lake texacoco until they got expelled by the Tepanecs.
    Aztec's settle in Tizapan, by permission of the Culhuacan ruler Cocoxtli.
  • Apr 29, 1350

    Aztecs start building

    Building of causeways with canals
  • Apr 29, 1370


    The religious ruler of the Aztecs die.
  • Period: May 1, 1376 to May 1, 1395

    New King Rules

    The first king of Tenochtitlan, rules
  • May 1, 1390


    Original construction of Templo Mayor beings in Tenochtitlán
  • Period: May 1, 1395 to May 1, 1417

    second King aliances happen

    The second king of Tenochtitlan, Huitzilihuitzli, rules. An alliance with the Tepaneca is created.
  • Period: May 1, 1417 to May 1, 1427

    The third king

    The third king, Chimalpopoca, has his relatively short reign. He is assasinated by the Tepaneca.
  • Period: May 1, 1427 to May 1, 1440

    4th King reigns

    Tenochtitlan's fourth king, Itzcoatl, reigns
  • Period: May 1, 1427 to May 1, 1430


    War with the Tepaneca. Up to this point the Tepaneca had been dominant in central Mexico, ruling from Azcapotzalco and taking tribute from the Aztec.
  • May 1, 1430

    War ended

    Azcapotzalco won the war.
  • May 1, 1431


    Establishment of the Triple Alliance between the Aztec, the Acolhua in the city Texcoco and the Tepaneca of Tlacopan. These cities became the foundation of the empire.
  • Period: May 5, 1440 to May 5, 1469

    Moctzuma 1

    Reign of the fifth king, Moctezuma 1, who is also referred to as Montezuma 1.
  • Period: May 5, 1452 to May 5, 1454


    Famine in Tenochtitlán
  • Period: May 5, 1469 to May 5, 1481

    6th king

    Tenochtitlan's 6th king, Azayactl, reigns
  • Period: May 5, 1481 to May 5, 1486

    7th King

    Reign of Tizoc, the 7th king of Tenochtitlan.
  • Period: May 5, 1486 to May 5, 1502

    8th King

    Rule of Ahuitzotl, eighth king of the city
  • May 5, 1487


    Dedication of Great Temple at Tenochtitlan. This was the 6th version of the temple.
  • Period: May 5, 1502 to May 5, 1520

    Moctezuma 2 Rules...

    Reign of Moctezuma 2, or Montezuma 2, most famous of the Aztec kings and 9th king of Tenochtitlan
  • May 7, 1504

    A Voyage to the New World

    Hernan decided to sail to the New World and make a life for himself there. He sailed to what is now Haiti.
  • May 7, 1506

    The Spanish take cuba

    Cortes worked with the governor of Hispaniola, who took Cortes on a conquest of Cuba. Cortes was rewarded with land and slaves.
  • May 7, 1511

    Cortes is promoted in Cuba

    Diego Valasquez became the governor of Cuba. He made Cortes one of his top officials.
  • May 7, 1518

    Hernan Cortes is sent to Mexico

    Diego Valasquez named Cortes the captain of an expedition to Mexico. After a fight, though, he revoked Cortes' status.
  • May 7, 1519

    Cortes meets someone

    When cortes met malinche
  • May 7, 1519

    Cortes goes against the governor

    Cortes went against Valasquez's wishes and sailed on to Mexico against orders.
  • Jul 7, 1519

    Cortes took over Veracruz

    Cortes sailed into Veracruz and took it by force. He tried to meet with Montezuma, the Aztec king, but Montezuma refused.
  • Aug 7, 1519

    Cortes sinks his ships

    Cortes sinks his ships and sends one back that had gold on it. Since there was no easy way to get back to Spain, his troops would have to make the best of it under Cortez's orders. It took away any motivates to rebel or mutiny.
  • Nov 7, 1519

    Cortes took Moctezuma hostage

    The Aztec people tried to appease Cortes by giving him gold and other treasures. Cortes didn't trust the people, though, and he took Montezuma hostage.
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Spanish arrives in Tenochtitlan

    Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlan, they are welcomed with gold.
  • May 5, 1520

    10th king rules

    Rule of Cuitahuac, 10th king of Tenochtitlan
  • May 5, 1520

    Disease and the last King

    Cuitahuac dies from the first smallpox epidemic to hit the empire. Rule of Cuauhetemoc, eleventh and last king of the city.
  • May 7, 1520

    Water is blocked

    Cortes blocked Aztec fresh water ways.
  • Jul 2, 1520

    Alliances are made

    Cortes allies with Tlaxcala, enemies of the Aztec, assault on the empire begins.The Spanish forces were driven back. The Spanish and their native allies suffered heavy losses.
  • Aug 13, 1521


    Fall of Tenochtitlan. Cuauhetemoc surrenders to Cortes, destruction of the city
  • May 5, 1522


    Rebuilding of the city by the Spanish as Mexico City, capital of New Spain
  • May 7, 1524

    Cortes develops the land

    Cortes worked to develop farms throughout New Spain, or Mexico. He also helped spread Christianity.
  • May 5, 1525


    Cuauhetemoc is hung by the Spaniards
  • May 7, 1527

    Cortes is accused of poisoning his enemies

    The king of Spain sent other rulers to New Spain to aid Cortes. When they became sick, others accused Cortes of poisoning them.
  • May 7, 1528

    Cortes returns to spain

    Cortes had to return to Spain to prove his innocence to the King.
  • May 7, 1530

    Cortes returned to Mexico

    Cortes was freed from the charges and returned to Mexico, although the king had demoted him from governor.
  • Dec 2, 1547

    Hernan cortes dies

    In 1541 Cortés returned to Spain and retired to an estate near Seville where he died on 2 December 1547.