Latin America History Timeline

By abe
  • Feb 20, 1515

    Spanish Expansion

    By 1515, with the conquest of Cuba and the founding of Havana, and the islands of the Caribbean are under Spanish control.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1519 to Aug 15, 1521

    Aztec's Overthrown

    Hernan Cortez and his Spanish conquistadors overthrew the Aztec Empire and killed its last Emperor, Cuahtémoc. They slayed the last of the aztecs.
  • Feb 20, 1519

    Aztecs defeated

    Aztecs defeated
    Cortes and his tiny force capture Montezuma, ruler of the mighty Aztec empire, in his palace at Tenochtitlan
  • Feb 20, 1519

    Cortez Makes Peace

    Cortez Makes Peace
    Cortes reaches the coast of Mexico, in March 1519, with eleven ships. They carry some 600 men, 16 horses and about 20 guns of various sizes. The Spanish party is soon confronted by a large number of Indians in a battle where the effect of horses and guns (both new to the Indians) is rapidly decisive. Peace is made and presents exchanged - including twenty Indian women for the Spaniards. One of them, known to the Spaniards as Doña Marina, becomes Cortes' mistress and interpreter.
  • Period: Feb 20, 1524 to Feb 20, 1526

    Central America

    Central America, from Guatemala to Nicaragua, is brought under Spanish control between 1524 and 1526.
  • Feb 20, 1530

    Attemp of Pizzaro

    Attemp of Pizzaro
    Francisco Pizarro sails from Panama to attempt the conquest of Peru.
  • Feb 20, 1530

    Pizzaro progress

    Pizzaro progress
    Unlike the speedy advance of Cortes into Mexico in 1519, Pizarro's progress south is slow. For some reason he chooses to march his men along much of the difficult coast of Ecuador, causing great hardship and delay. Nearly two years have passed by the time he establishes a small Spanish settlement, which he calls San Miguel, near Piura in the coastal plain of northern Peru.
  • Feb 20, 1531

    Virgin Mary

    Virgin Mary
    The Aztec Virgin of Guadalupe appears to an Indian near Mexico City and tells him she is 'one of his kind'
  • Feb 20, 1533

    Inca Kingdom overwhelmed

    Inca Kingdom overwhelmed
    Inca kingdom in Peru is overwhelmed in 1533 by the Spanish since its land attracted the Spanish because of the fertile land.
  • Feb 20, 1542

    Spanish Laws

    New Laws are passed in Spain, in an attempt to protect the Indians on the encomiendas of Spanish America
  • Grito De Dolores

    Grito De Dolores
    The parish priest of Dolores sparks a rebellion against the Spanish authorities in Mexico with his Grito de Dolores, It cause a revolution which he ended up dying in a battle.
  • Agustin Movement

    A reactionary movement led by Agustin de Iturbide wins new and lasting independence for Mexico.
  • Provoking

    President Polk sends a US army into Texas, provoking the Mexican-American War.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
    A treaty signed in Guadalupe-Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American War, gives the US six new states
  • William Walker

    US adventurer William Walker, thrown out of Nicaragua in 1857, is executed in Honduras, for secretyl making military movements, etc.
  • French in Mexico City

    The French capture Mexico City and in desperation President Juarez flees to the north to escape exucution or death by any means.
  • Napoleon leaves.

    Napoleon leaves.
    Napoleon III withdraws French troops from Mexico, leaving the emperor Maximilian in a dangerous situation
  • Left for Dead

    Left for Dead
    Maximilian, the emperor of Mexico, and two of his generals are shot after being surrounded and captured at Querétaro
  • Period: to


    A revolution begins in Mexico that will last ten years before being resolved.
    Lasted ten years that resulted in many deaths of Mexicans fighting for their independence.
  • Mayan Calender

    Mayan Calender
    The Maya introduce a calendar which has a cycle of fifty-two years, known as the Calendar Round