Aztec History

By jannyng
  • Jan 1, 1000

    6th century - First Nahuatl speaking peoples begin to settle in Mexico

    6th century - First Nahuatl speaking peoples begin to settle in Mexico
    First Nahuatl speaking peoples begin to settle in Mexico
  • Period: Mar 11, 1000 to Mar 11, 1325

    Foundation Of The Empire

  • Jan 1, 1110

    The Mexica travel from their northern homeland of Aztlan. These early dates, and the existence and location of Aztlan are hotly debated.

    The Mexica travel from their northern homeland of Aztlan.  These early dates, and the existence and location of Aztlan are hotly debated.
    The Mexica travel from their northern homeland of Aztlan. These early dates, and the existence and location of Aztlan are hotly debated.
  • Jan 1, 1248

    The Mexica roam the area which is now Mexico, trying to find a location in which to settle

    The Mexica roam the area which is now Mexico, trying to find a location in which to settle
    1110-1248
  • Jan 1, 1248

    Mexica settle near Lake Texcoco, in Chapultepec, though they are soon expelled by the Tepanecs

  • Jan 1, 1299

    Mexica settle in Tizapan, by permission of the Culhuacan ruler Cocoxtli.

  • Jan 1, 1325

    Tenochtitlán is settled by the Mexica

    Tenochtitlán is settled by the Mexica
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Building of causeways with canals

    Building of causeways with canals
  • Period: Mar 11, 1350 to Mar 11, 1454

    Building an Empire

  • Jan 1, 1370

    Death of Tenoch, religious ruler of the Mexica

    Death of Tenoch, religious ruler of the Mexica
  • Jan 1, 1376

    The first king* of Tenochtitlán, Acamapichitli, rules

    The first king* of Tenochtitlán, Acamapichitli, rules
    1376-1395
  • Jan 1, 1390

    Original construction of Templo Mayor beings in Tenochtitlán

  • Jan 1, 1395

    The second king of Tenochtitlán, Huitzilihuitzli, rules. An alliance with the Tepaneca is created.

    The second king of Tenochtitlán, Huitzilihuitzli, rules.  An alliance with the Tepaneca is created.
    1395-1417
  • Jan 1, 1417

    The third king, Chimalpopoca, has his relatively short reign. He is assasinated by the Tepaneca.

    The third king, Chimalpopoca, has his relatively short reign.  He is assasinated by the Tepaneca.
    1417-1427
  • Jan 1, 1427

    War with the Tepaneca. Up to this point the Tepaneca had been dominant in central Mexico, ruling from Azcapotzalco and taking tribute from the Mexica

    1427-1430
  • Jan 1, 1427

    Tenochtitlán's fourth king, Itzcoatl, reigns

    Tenochtitlán's fourth king, Itzcoatl, reigns
    1427-1440
  • Jan 1, 1430

    Azcapotzalco conquered

  • Jan 1, 1431

    Establishment of the Triple Alliance between the Mexica, the Acolhua in the city Texcoco and the Tepaneca of Tlacopan. These cities became the foundation of the empire

  • Jan 1, 1440

    Reign of the fifth king, Moctezuma I, who is also referred to as Montezuma I

    Reign of the fifth king, Moctezuma I, who is also referred to as Montezuma I
    1440-1469
  • Period: Jan 1, 1440 to Jan 1, 1510

    Height of the Empire

  • Jan 1, 1452

    Tenochtitlán severely damaged by flooding

    1452
  • Mar 11, 1454

    Famine in Tenochtitlán

    1452-1454
  • Jan 1, 1469

    Tenochtitlán's sixth king, Azayactl, reigns

  • Jan 1, 1481

    Reign of Tizoc, the seventh king of Tenochtitlán

    Reign of Tizoc, the seventh king of Tenochtitlán
    1481-1486
  • Jan 1, 1486

    Rule of Ahuitzotl, eighth king of the city

    1486-1502
  • Jan 1, 1487

    Dedication of Great Temple (Templo Mayor) at Tenochtitlán. This was the 6th version of the temple.

    Dedication of Great Temple (Templo Mayor) at Tenochtitlán.  This was the 6th version of the temple.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    (Christopher Columbus's landing at Santa Domingo)

    1492
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Reign of Moctezuma II, or Montezuma II, most famous of the Aztec kings and ninth king of Tenochtitlán

    1502-1520
  • Jan 1, 1510

    Severe floods in Tenochtitlán

    1510
  • Jan 1, 1517

    The appearance of a comet, believed to signify impending doom

    1517
  • Period: Jan 1, 1517 to Jan 1, 1525

    The Fall of the Empire

  • Mar 4, 1519

    Landing of Hernan Cortes on the Yucatan penninsula

    Landing of Hernan Cortes on the Yucatan penninsula
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlán

  • Jan 1, 1520

    Cuitahuac dies from the first smallpox epidemic to hit the empire. Rule of Cuauhetemoc, eleventh and last king of the city

  • Jan 1, 1520

    Rule of Cuitahuac, tenth king of Tenochtitlán

    Rule of Cuitahuac, tenth king of Tenochtitlán
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Cortes allies with Tlaxcala, enemies of the Aztec, assault on the empire begins. On the 1st of July, the Spanish forces were driven back. The Spanish and their native allies suffered heavy losses. (This is known as la Noche Triste - The Sad Night)

  • Aug 13, 1521

    Fall of Tenochtitlán. Cuauhetemoc surrenders to Cortes, destruction of the city

  • Jan 1, 1522

    Rebuilding of the city by the Spanish as Mexico City, capital of New Spain

  • Jan 1, 1525

    Cuauhetemoc is hung by the Spaniards

    1525