Sun stone detail

Aztec Culture Timeline

  • Period: Mar 23, 1110 to Nov 13, 1325

    Foundation of Empire

    The Mexican traveled from their northern homeland of Aztlan. They roamed the area which is now Mexico, trying to find a location in which to settle. They then settled near Lake Texcoco in Chapultepec, they are soon expelled by the Tepanecs.
  • Mar 25, 1299


    Settled in Tizapan, by permission of the Culhuacan ruler Cocoxtli.
  • Mar 25, 1325


    Tenochtitlán is settled by the Mexicans.
  • Mar 25, 1350

    Building Up

    Building of causeways with canals.
  • Period: Mar 25, 1350 to Mar 25, 1454

    Building an Empire

  • Mar 25, 1370


    Death of Tenoch, the religious ruler of mexico
  • Period: Mar 25, 1376 to Mar 25, 1395

    First King of Tenochtitlán

    Acamapichitli take over and is ruler
  • Mar 25, 1390

    Templo Mayor

    Original construction of Templo Mayor
  • Period: Mar 25, 1417 to Mar 25, 1430

    3rd king, Death, and War

    The third king, Chimalpopoca, has a short reign. He is assasinated by the Tepaneca. War with the Tepaneca began. Up to this point the Tepaneca had been dominant in central Mexico, ruling from Azcapotzalco and taking tribute from the Mexica.
  • Period: Mar 25, 1427 to Mar 25, 1440

    4th King

    Tenochtitlán's fourth king, Itzcoatl, reigns
  • Nov 14, 1430


    Azcapotzalco conquered.
  • Mar 25, 1431

    Triple Alliance

    Establishment of the Triple Alliance between the Mexica & the Acolhua in the city Texcoco and the Tepaneca of Tlacopan. These cities became the foundation of the empire.
  • Period: Mar 1, 1440 to Mar 1, 1469

    5th King

    Reign of the fifth king, Moctezuma I, who is also referred to as Montezuma I
  • Period: Mar 25, 1440 to Mar 25, 1510

    Height of the Empire

    The reign of the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth king. Dedication of the Great Empire. Also more floods happened between this time.
  • Mar 25, 1452

    The Big Flood

    Tenochtitlán was severely damaged by flooding of their land.
  • Period: Mar 25, 1452 to Mar 25, 1454


    Famine in Tenochtitlán.
  • Period: Mar 1, 1469 to Mar 1, 1481

    6th King

    Tenochtitlán's sixth king, Azayactl, reigns
  • Period: Nov 14, 1481 to Nov 14, 1486

    7th King

    Reign of Tizoc, the seventh king of Tenochtitlán
  • Period: Nov 14, 1486 to Nov 14, 1502

    8th King

    Rule of Ahuitzotl, eighth king of the city
  • Mar 1, 1487


    Dedication of Great Temple(Templo Mayor) at Tenochtitlán. This was the 6th version of the temple
  • Aug 2, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus's landing at Santa Domingo
  • Period: Nov 14, 1502 to Nov 14, 1520

    Famous Reign

    Reign of Moctezuma II, or Montezuma II, most famous of the Aztec kings and ninth king of Tenochtitlán.
  • Nov 14, 1510

    More Floods

    Severe Flooding
  • Mar 25, 1517

    The comet

    The comet
    The appearance of a comet, believed to signify impending doom
  • Period: Mar 25, 1517 to Mar 25, 1525

    The Fall of the Empire

    comet appears, Cuauhetemoc is also murdered
  • Mar 4, 1519

    Yucatan Landing

    Yucatan Landing
    Landing of Hernan Cortes on the Yucatan penninsula
  • Nov 8, 1519


    Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlán
  • Jul 25, 1520

    War & the death of two rulers

    Cortes allies with Tlaxcala the enemies of the Aztec war begins. On the 1st of July, the Spanish forces were driven back. The Spanish and their native allies suffered heavy losses.
    Rule of Cuitahuac, tenth king of Tenochtitlán dies from the first smallpox epidemic to hit the empire. Rule of Cuauhetemoc, eleventh and last king of the city.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    The Fall

    The Fall
    Fall of Tenochtitlán. Cuauhetemoc surrenders to Cortes, destruction of the city
  • Mar 25, 1522


    Rebuilding of the city by the Spanish as Mexico City, capital of New Spain
  • Feb 26, 1525

    The Final Kill

    Cuauhetemoc is hung by the Spaniards